Swearing-In Native American Civil War Recruits | Photograph | Wisconsin Historical Society


Swearing-In Native American Civil War Recruits


Thomas Bigford (in cap, on left) and another official swearing-in two Native American Civil War recruits. Thomas Bigford (1815-1890) of Taycheedah, Wisconsin, was a farmer who served as a local recruiting officer during the war. According to Bigford, the recruit on right may be Adam Scherf of Stockbridge, who was said to have served in the same regiment with Thomas Bigford's son Royal. Royal Bigford was a private in the 1st Battery, Light Artillery, but Sherf is not listed.


Image ID: 1909

Creation Date: 1861 

Creator Name: Unknown




Collection Name: Album 13 (The Civil War--Portraits, Military Camps, Military Training)

Genre: Photograph

Original Format Type: photographic print, b&w

Original Format Number: Album 13.62

Original Dimensions: 8 x 10 inches


12/6/2010 There were two Adam Scherfs living in Stockbridge according to the 1860 census, a father and son. The father was born in Bavaria in 1813 (died 1884). He married a Catherine Denny (1839-1925), an Oneida woman, and had 8 children with her, including Adam Jr. who was born August 15, 1856 (died 1933). The first Adam was too old and not Native American. The second Adam was Native American but too young.


Civil War, 1861-1865

Clothing and dress


Indoor photography



Portraits, Group

Recruiting and enlistment

Rites and ceremonies

How to Purchase a Copy

For Your Personal Use

Such as home display or a gift.

For Commercial or Non-Profit Use

Such as publication, web, public display or film.

By clicking "BUY" you agree to our Terms of Use.

10-percent discount for Society Members.

Image-purchasing questions? Please Contact Us.


This image is issued by the Wisconsin Historical Society. Use of the image requires written permission from the staff of the Division of Library-Archives. It may not be sold or redistributed, copied or distributed as a photograph, electronic file, or any other media. The image should not be significantly altered through conventional or electronic means. Images altered beyond standard cropping and resizing require further negotiation with a staff member. The user is responsible for all issues of copyright.

Please Credit: Wisconsin Historical Society.

Reference Details

Location: Wisconsin Historical Society Archives, 4th Floor, Madison, Wisconsin

How to View in Person

To view this image, visit the Archives Research Room on the 4th floor at the Society Headquarters building in Madison, WI. Print out this index page and present it to the librarian. Use the links below to plan your visit to the Society's Archives.

Checking Out Materials

Visual materials in the Archives do not circulate and must be viewed in the Society's Archives Research Room.

How to Cite

For the purposes of a bibliography entry or footnote, follow this model:

Wisconsin Historical Society Citation
Wisconsin Historical Society, Creator, Title, Image ID. Viewed online at (copy and paste image page link).
Wisconsin Center for Film and Theater Research Citation
Wisconsin Center for Film and Theater Research, Creator, Title, Image ID. Viewed online at (copy and paste image page link).

Have Questions?

Contact our Archives staff by email.