Tunnel in the Bluffs of the Mississippi River near La Crosse
Hölzlhuber traveled on American railways frequently and marveled that they wouldn't have been accepted as usable in Europe. This sketch of the tunnel on the Mississippi-Minnesota Railway shows its wooden plank construction, which looked "more like a mine than like a tunnel made for the railroad." The fence at the entrance kept cattle from wandering in out of the heat. On approach, the engineer stopped, climbed down to open the gate, closed it again after passing, then jumped on the last car and ran through the train in time to open and close the gate at the exit. On all the railways he traveled between New York and the Midwest, only one had a railroad watchman, a situation not acceptable by European standards.
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