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National or State Registers Record

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National Register or State Register

NAMES

Historic Name: T. H. Camp (Shipwreck)

Reference Number: 04001001

PROPERTY LOCATION

Location (Address): address restricted

County: Ashland

City/Village: 

Township: La Pointe

SUMMARY

T.H. Camp
Town of La Pointe, Lake Superior, Ashland County
Date of Construction: 1876
Builder: Luther Reed

The twenty-five year operational career of the fish tug T. H. Camp spanned a time of unprecedented growth and change in the Great Lakes commercial fishing industry. The T.H. Camp first witnessed the demise of eastern fishing grounds on Lake Ontario before being sold to interests in western Lake Superior, where commercial fishing was reaching its zenith. With the railroad connection between Bayfield and large cities to the south, new markets were opened to Lake Superior fresh fish, and commercial fishing in the Apostles Islands greatly expanded. Steam-powered fish tugs such as the T.H. Camp were essential to region's commercial fishing growth.

Steam power allowed the expansion of fishing grounds by transporting the catch from small remote fish camps to market via fish tugs, or "purchase boats." Prior to steam, sail-powered fishing vessels were restricted to fishing within the immediate vicinity of their home ports, where they could quickly transport their catch to market. Steam tugs like the T.H. Camp allowed fishing vessels to venture farther from their home ports without the need to frequently return with their catch before it spoiled, and the tugs supplied the fishing camps with necessary supplies on return trips. The Bayfield steam tugs regularly ran as far as two hundred miles from their home ports, collecting fish as far away as Isle Royale and the Canadian shore.

The largely intact T.H. Camp rests in deep water in Lake Superior's Apostle Islands. The tug and its cargo were lost in November 1900.

State and federal laws protect this shipwreck. Divers may not remove artifacts or structure when visiting this shipwreck site. Removing, defacing, displacing or destroying artifacts or sites is a crime. More information on Wisconsin's historic shipwrecks may be found by visiting Wisconsin's Great Lakes Shipwrecks website.

PROPERTY FEATURES

Period of Significance: 1876-1900

Area of Significance: Archeology/Historic - Non-Aboriginal

Area of Significance: Commerce

Area of Significance: Maritime History

Applicable Criteria: Event

Applicable Criteria: Information Potential

Historic Use: Transportation: Water-Related

Architectural Style: No Style Listed

Resource Type: Site

Architect: Reed, Luther

DESIGNATIONS

Historic Status: Listed in the National Register

Historic Status: Listed in the State Register

National Historic Landmark Listing Date:

National Register Listing Date: 2004-09-15

State Register Listing Date: 2004-07-16

NUMBER OF RESOURCES WITHIN PROPERTY

Number of Contributing Buildings: 0

Number of Contributing Sites: 1

Number of Contributing Structures: 0

Number of Contributing Objects: 0

Number of Non-Contributing Buildings: 0

Number of Non-Contributing Sites: 0

Number of Non-Contributing Structures: 0

Number of Non-Contributing Objects: 0

RECORD LOCATION

National Register and State Register of Historic Places, Division of Historic Preservation-Public History, Wisconsin Historical Society, Madison, Wisconsin

How to Cite

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National Register of Historic Places Citation
National Register of Historic Places, "Historic Name", "Town", "County", "State", "Reference Number".

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