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Wisconsin History textbooks will tell us that Jean Nicolet was the first white person to reach our state, but there's evidence that he was the second.

Photograph

Compass Training

Date: 1937 

Description: Probably Native Americans receiving instructions on compass use for Wisconsin Land Economic Inventory.

Date: 1821-08-18 

Description: Green Bay treaty, August 18, 1821. The treaty is signed by the chiefs of the six Indian nations for the possession of lands near the Fox River to the Winne...

Date: 1908-06-23 

Description: Menominee Training School dance card.

Date: 1842 

Description: A Menominee village as depicted by Francois, Comte de Castelnau, a French naturalist and diplomat who visited Green Bay area about 1838. The detailed, hand...

Read about the fur trade conducted with the Wisconsin Indians over two centuries by first the French, then the British, and finally the Americans.

Date: 1842 

Description: This hand-colored lithograph of the second Fort Howard, with Indians canoeing on the Fox River, shows the hospital built 1834-1835 outside the stockade on...

Historical Essay

Petersylvania, Wisconsin

Read the amazing story of a man who watched his potential 10,000-square-mile northern Wisconsin empire disappear into thin air.

Historical Essay

Early U.S. Settlement

Read how the end of the War of 1812 led to the establishment of American forts and increased exploration and settlement in the Wisconsin territory.

Photograph

Hobart Church

Date: 1900 ca.

Description: Hobart Episcopal Church on the Oneida Indian Reservation.

Date:  

Description: "Spirit of the Northwest" monument by Sidney Bedore, on the grounds of the Brown County Court House. Represented, left to right, a Menominee, Claude Allou...

Date: 1842 

Description: Menominee war dance, as depicted by Francois, Comte de Castelnau, a French naturalist and diplomat who visited Green Bay, Wisconsin about 1838. This detail...

Date: 1821-08-18 

Description: The reverse side of the Green Bay treaty, August 18, 1821. The treaty is signed by the chiefs of the six Indian nations for the possession of lands near th...

Date:  date unknown

Description: "The Spirit of the Northwest", a sculpture by Sidney Bedore which features a missionary, an explorer, and a Native American.

Date: 1920 ca.

Description: "Spirit of the Northwest" monument by Sidney Bedore, on the grounds of the Brown County Court House. Represented, left to right, a Menominee, Claude Allou...

Read about the development of social and cultural institutions such as public schools, churches, colleges and universities and Indian mission schools.
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