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An Unreliable Text and Other Evidence

Wisconsin History books teach that Jean Nicolet was the first white person to reach the state, but he may have been the second.

Influential Early Wisconsin Settlers

Discover historical details and explore our online collections related to Oshkosh, Wisconsin.

Discover historical details and explore our online collections related to Tomah, Wisconsin.

Historical Essay

The Iroquois Wars

New Tribes Brought to Wisconsin by French Commerce

Learn how contact with Europeans, the fur trade and warfare among their tribes drove many Indians to the Wisconsin territory in the 17th century.

How the Natives Lost Their Land

Learn about the many treaties between the United States government and native tribes.

Indian Agent

Biography of Indian agent Joseph Montfort Street.

Discover historical details and explore our online collections related to Green Bay, Wisconsin.

Wisconsin Historical Museum Object – Feature Story

Cherokee twilled basket, probably traded to Wisconsin, mid 19th century. (Museum object #1955.1021)

Historical Essay

The Black Hawk War

A Misunderstanding Leads to Massacre

Discover how a Treaty Misunderstanding led to the Massacre of Thousands of Sauk Indians

Some Interesting Stories of the Winnebago Chief

Read about Ho-Chunk Chief Dandy's interesting and friendly interactions with white settlers in Wisconsin, even while he was a fugitive.

Discover historical details and explore our online collections related to La Crosse, Wisconsin.

Discover historical details and explore our online collections related to De Pere, Wisconsin.

Historical Essay

Early U.S. Settlement

Military Outposts in Wisconsin

Read how American forts were established and settlement increased in Wisconsin after the War of 1812.

Lesson Plan

Little Elk, 1829

Use the 1829 speech by Little Elk, Ho-Chunk orator, to learn more about Ho-Chunk views on Euro-American cultures

Read about the desperate 1832 battle near Madison, WI, of the starving Sauk, Fox and Kickapoo Native Americans against the British and the Ho-Chunk.

A Warrior Prepared to Die is Disappointed

Discover the story of a Ho-Chunk warrior who surrenders and is grieved at receiving a fair trial.

Discover historical details and explore our online collections related to Beaver Dam, Wisconsin.

Death of the Chief

Discover the history of Ho-Chunk chief Red Bird from 1788-1828.

How Native Life was Transformed

Discover how white contact disrupted and transformed Indian life in Wisconsin in the 17th and 18th centuries.
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