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Historical Essay

First Peoples

The History of Paleo-Indians in Wisconsin

Learn about the Paleo-Indians who first inhabited the Wisconsin territory and the archaeological excavations that have revealed their culture.

Historical Essay

Effigy Mounds Culture

A People and Their Structures

Learn how the Effigy Mounds communities that transformed Native American life

The Story of Two Communities Through Photographs

Read about the history of Manitowoc and Two Rivers, two Wisconsin communities, and view photos documenting more than 150 years of life in the two cities.

How Native Life was Transformed

Discover how white contact disrupted and transformed Indian life in Wisconsin in the 17th and 18th centuries.

The Genesis of Modern Wisconsin

Discovery the history of the Woodland and Middle Mississippean Indian cultures and their relationship to modern Wisconsin.

An Unreliable Text and Other Evidence

Wisconsin History books teach that Jean Nicolet was the first white person to reach the state, but he may have been the second.

A Nostalgic Look at Wisconsin Winters

Explore this gallery featuring the best and most interesting Wisconsin winter photographs.

When the Beaver was King

Discover how beavers transformed Wisconsin's economy in the 1650s for the next two centuries.

Ojibwe Chief

Biography of Ojibwe chief Joe Gishkitawag "Cut Ear" White, who was murdered by white game wardens.

Historical Essay

Quinney, John W. (1797-1855)

Indian Sachem and Leader

Biography of Stockbridge Indian sachem John Quinney who helped secure full-value payment for their land and organized their removal to Wisconsin.

Allan Born, The Born Collection

Allan Born's photographs of Northern Wisconsin during the 1930's and beyond.

Historical Essay

The Iroquois Wars

New Tribes Brought to Wisconsin by French Commerce

Learn how contact with Europeans, the fur trade and warfare among their tribes drove many Indians to the Wisconsin territory in the 17th century.

View the collection of images of Wisconsin women in a variety of activities: farm work, canning, suffragism, photography, war work and civil rights.

From Sacred Calumets to Ashtrays

Discover the important role that tobacco and the Peace Pipe have played throughout Wisconsin's history.

Historical Essay

Wisconsin's Early Schools

How the University was Began

Discover how the lack of educational opportunities in Wisconsin helped create the University of Wisconsin.

The Changing Status of the Native Americans

Read about Wisconsin's Indian tribes and their changing legal status throughout the 20th century.

Historical Essay

Early U.S. Settlement

Military Outposts in Wisconsin

Read how American forts were established and settlement increased in Wisconsin after the War of 1812.

Browse images about the formation of the U.S. Social Security Act, selected from the collections of federal employees Witte, Altmeyer, Cohen and Wickenden.
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