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Most ancient sites are not easy for non-archaeologists to identify, but Wisconsin’s earthworks and mounds are prominent exceptions. They can be seen standing in farm fields and yards, in city and state parks and in lonely forests. There are many kinds of earthworks and mounds. Enclosures mark the locations of dance grounds, ritual sites or villages. Platform mounds, like those at Aztalan, supported temples and houses. Burial mounds, the most common type of mound, mark the locations of Native American cemeteries. Not all cemeteries are marked by mounds. Over 12,000 years, a wide range of funeral ritual has been practiced in Wisconsin as cultures changed and communities adapted to new circumstances.

What is a Cemetery? A Guide to Wisconsin's Burial Sites
Turning Points - Effigy Mounds
Turning Points - Aztalan
Charles E. Brown - He Saved Madison's Mounds (PDF)
Native American Mounds in Madison & Dane County (PDF)
Wisconsin's Indian Mounds
Aztalan: Mysteries of an Ancient Indian Town
a book by Robert A. Birmingham and Lynne G. Goldstein
Indian Mounds of Wisconsin
a book by Robert A. Birmingham & Leslie E. Eisenberg




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