Portage, Wood and Waupaca Counties
Since 1992, Museum Archaeology Program has been involved in a study of archaeological resources for the proposed reconstruction of U.S.H. 10 between the cities of Marshfield and Waupaca. A total of 74 archaeological sites have been discovered. In 1996, further archaeological field research was conducted at four of the precontact Native American sites. All of these sites were determined to be eligible for the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). Additional archaeological investigations will be conducted prior to road construction.
The Oneota tradition is the primary components at the these sites. Much has been debated about the origins for the Oneota cultural tradition. The Museum Archaeology Program hopes to explore the horizon and cultural interaction models that have been developed for Oneota in Eastern Wisconsin. Based on radiocarbon dates and ceramics, these sites span from the Emergent Horizon (A.D. 950-1050), through the hiatus period (AD 1050-1150) between Emergent and Developmental horizons, and into the Developmental Horizon (AD 1150-1350). Thus, the sites represent an important and previously unrecognized continuum of Oneota occupation in Central Wisconsin.
In 1992 and 1993, an archaeological survey by the Museum Archaeology Program was conducted along a segment of Highway 110 near the community of Butte Des Morts. This survey resulted in the identification of 29 previously unrecorded sites and reinvestigation of another 5 known sites. Artifacts recovered from these sites contained evidence of occupation in the region of the Middle and Late Archaic; Early, Middle, and Late Woodland; and Oneota traditions, as well as, historic Euroamerican settlement. In 1996 and 1997, Phase II evaluations were conducted at five of these sites, and one site was determined to be eligible for the National Register of Historic Places.