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Road Development Conclusion

In less than 75 years, Wisconsin's road system, and much of the rest of the country's, went from a haphazard trail and road system to the present day modern road system.  In this short period of time, the nation and its landscape were forever transformed by the automobile.  Early horse and wagon trails were developed into a network of regional and transcontinental highways that were later expanded to include the federal interstate system.  The automobile and the development of road networks to serve it have had an impact on almost every aspect of American life.  The explosion of the automobile not only changed the way our nation traveled and did business, but it also influenced how cities are developed and planned, as well as our nation's rural and agricultural development.  The automobile created a new vehicular culture that continues to have a strong influence on our nation's economy.

Further Reading

Campbell, Ballard. "The Good Roads Movement in Wisconsin, 1890-1911." Wisconsin Magazine of History 49(4): 273-293, 1966.

Cole, H.E. "The Old Military Road." Wisconsin Magazine of History, 9(1):47-62, 1925.

Hotchkiss, William O. Rural Highways of Wisconsin. Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey Bulletin No.18, Economic Series No.11, Madison, 1906.

Kaszynski, William. The American Highway. McFarland & Company, Inc., Jefferson, NC, 2000.

Lewis, Tom. Divided Highways. Viking, New York, NY, 1997.

Plummer, Harold L. "The State Highway Commission of Wisconsin." Wisconsin Magazine of History, 37(2):75-78, 121-122, 1954.

Ridge, John William and Alice A. Introducing the Yellowstone Trail. Yellowstone Trail Publishers, Altoona, WI. 2000.

State Highway Commission of Wisconsin. A History of Wisconsin Highway Development 1835-1945. Madison, 1944.

Torkelson, Martin W. "Wisconsin Highways." In The Wisconsin Blue Book, 1933, compiled by the Wisconsin Legislative Reference Library. State Printer, Madison, 1933.

Trewartha, Glenn T. "The Unincorporated Hamlet, One Element of the American Settlement Fabric." Annals of the Association of American Geographers 33(1):32-81, 1943.

Walters, Dorothy V. "Devil-wagon Days." Wisconsin Magazine of History 30(1):69-77, 1946.

Wehmhoff, Eugene J. Road Legislation and Administration in Wisconsin. Unpublished Lit. B. Thesis, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1901.

Weingroff, Richard F. US 14 Chicago, Illinois, to Yellowstone National Park. "US Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration."  27 June 2002 (accessed 10 July 2002).

Wisconsin Legislative Reference Library. The Wisconsin Blue Book. Democrat Printing, 1931.


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