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Historic Diaries: Marsh, 1834

Drunken Frolic / List of Chiefs

Editor's Note:

Fox hunters were streaming into the village after several weeks of being widely dispersed on their summer hunt. Families were reunited, venison from the hunt was piling up, corn was high in the fields, and old friends were regaling each other with tales of their hunting prowess. A party atmosphere naturally prevailed at the Fox town during this time and, while Rev. Marsh could only see its excesses, the Fox presumably found it one of the happiest times in their seasonal cycle.

Portraits of several of the chiefs listed are included in the McKenney & Hall's History of the Indian Tribes of North America issued in 1838, online at the University of Washington, and these pictures of the chiefs are linked in the list below:

Pah-she-pah-ho (head chief)
Wee-sheet no portrait
Nea-pope no portrait
Met-patptuh or We-she-ko-mah no portrait
Mash-e-se-po no portrait
Now-way-nok no portrait

Wah-pel-ah head chief
Pow-we-sheak do [ditto]

Aug. 4th First Mon. in the month

Resolved to spend as much of this day as possible in supplication and prayer for the object of my tour, that God would by his Spirit open the hearts of the chief and head-men of this band or nation to receive the Gospel. Felt some earnestness in prayer and some confidence that God would open a door for the Gospel to be preached to this sinking and degraded nation. O God arise in thy might and glory and have mercy upon this people; let them not all be swept away by this dreadful destroyer, strong drink.

Today a canoe has arrived from the settlement below bringing whiskey and now all is confusion and uproar. The peace and quietness which has prevailed here for so long a time is broken up, and drunken men and women are staggering round and yelling through the lodges like fiends of darkness.

Having commenced, they cannot [word missing?] accordingly they procured an order of the clerk, Mr. A,, who manned a canoe and sent it down to the traders 100 miles in order to get 50 bottles, 12 ½ gallons more, of the liquid poison. An affray took place at the departure of the canoe betwixt a woman and her husband. Altho she was intoxicated still she was unwilling he should go, and caught the kettle and broke [it], and threw his shot pouch into the river containing the order but it was again procured, and caught hold of the canoe and they had to disengage her from it by force. Surely if there is a Judgment Day, such as supply or afford these deluded creatures the means of self-destruction will have a most awful account to render.

After this scene was over, I again retired to prayer etc. and felt as tho altho alone yet that I was not alone, and as tho God is the bearer of prayer. … To God alone I must look in every trying hour…

During this day many came in from their hunting grounds.

Relation of this with other Tribes.

The Sacs and Foxes are at present on terms of peace and friendship with all of the neighboring tribes except the Sioux and Menomennies, with these they have been in a state of hostility for a long time. Although with the former Keokuk at the risk of his life went last summer, 1833, to their camp and made a peace for four years but it has since been broken. And they contemplated war with them this Summer but there has been none.

Two Sacs were taken prisoners by the Sioux last fall 1833 and retained through the winter. In the Spring they were liberated/returned and reported that the Sioux wished to make peace. Consequently a party was fitted out, part of white men, for the purpose, but for some cause failed of going. A covenant of peace and friendship with some other tribes was renewed this summer, 1834, see former notice.

According to their traditions they have been a very warlike nation and been engaged in man and long-continued wars.

[the following page has a list of Sac and Fox chiefs:]

Names of Chiefs: Sacs

Pah-she-pah-ho (head chief)
Met-patptuh or We-she-ko-mah
[The preceding three] belonging to Black Hawk's band but have no power.

[the preceding two] War chiefs

Foxes Mash-qua-ke

Wah-pel-ah head chief
Pow-we-sheak do [ditto]

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