Historic Diaries: Marsh, 1834
Galena to Mineral Point
On this blustery day Rev. marsh passed through the heart of Wisconsin's lead district (map).
Oak Springs: better known as White Oak Springs, was located in section 32, town 1 N, of range 2 E, about 5 miles from Shullsburg. In 1853 it had a population 100 "with 26 dwellings, 4 stores, and 1 hotel. Its location and advantages are as favorable as any village in the West. Lead ore abounds in large quantities in its vicinity, and forms no inconsiderable item in the pursuit of its inhabitants." (Hunt's 1853 Gazetteer of Wisconsin)
Gratiot's Grove: a village whose early history is best described in the memoir of Adele Gratiot
Wed [Sept] 10th <>
Again bade the good people adieu and left on horseback for Mineral Point.
The first settlement of note was at the white oak springs where were a few buildings, the next was Gratiots Grove; here there were four or five houses, but there was nothing in the appearance of the place which appeared inviting. Called at a French house, fed my horse and took dinner. Soon I entered a very extensive prairie in which scarcely any timber could be seen.
About dark I arrived at Mineral P., very much fatigued, having rode a most dreadful hard traveling horse. Mr. Nichols invited me to put up with him for the night. Here met with John D Ausley Esqr P.M.
The weather exceedingly cold for the season, and had been very blustering during the day. Retired for the night much chilled with the wind and fatigued.