Historic Diaries: Emily Quiner, 1863
July 20, 1863: The Memphis Marketplace
Winnebago: A term used in the 19th century for the Wisconsin native people who today call themselves the Ho-Chunk. The term came from the Mesquakie word Ouinipegouek, meaning "people of the stinking water," a reference to their location on Green Bay and the Fox River. The Ho-Chunk name for themselves translates roughly as "people of the sacred language." They believe themselves to be the original branch of a Siouan-speaking family of tribes that extends west onto the Great Plains. Since ca. 1600 they have resided throughout the Fox, Wisconsin, and Chippewa valleys but since the late 19th century, especially near the Wisconsin Dells and Black River Falls. The Ho-Chunk population in 2001 was 6,065.
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Fanny, Louise & I went to market this morning at five o'clock. There is a very nice market here and we see a great many green things. I enjoy it very much. This morning I saw an old market woman coming in on a mule with a straw hat upon her head, the brim of which was at least half a yard in width and her face was so browned and sun burned that she would have safely passed muster among the Winnebagoes. Lou & I went up town after breakfast. In my ward all this afternoon. Dr. Nelson brought me a scale from a large fish which was caught in the Mississippi at this point called the Elephant. Mrs. More and the rest of us went up to Mr. Smith's office this morning. Met Dr. McDonyhay of the Indiana Agency, a very pleasant man, looks like Dr. Williard of Lake Mills.