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Dictionary of Wisconsin History

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Term: timeline of Wisconsin history, 1622-1699


Adapted and expanded from Schafer, Joseph. "Outline History of Wisconsin." 1925 Wisconsin Blue book (Madison, 1925) . More information about most people and places listed here, including links to original sources, can be found by searching them in this Dictionary.

1622-23. Etienne Brule skirted the shore of Lake Superior

1634. Jean Nicolet landed at Red Banks, near Green Bay.

1654-1656. Medard Chouart, Sieur des Groseilliers, crossed Lake Huron and lower Michigan before arcing across Lake Michigan into Wisconsin. During the two years his party spent collecting furs, they appear to have visited Green Bay, Sault St. Marie, and Lake Superior as well as spending 4 months going from river to river in the interior. For many years, it was assumed that Pierre-Esprit Radisson had accompanied des Groseilliers on this trip; Radisson¿s own reminiscences make this claim. However, the discovery of Radisson¿s signature on a document signed in Quebec in 1655 proves his claim untrue.

1659-60. Pierre-Esprit Radisson and his brother-in-law, the Sieur de Groseilliers, with six other fur traders and a band of Huron Indians, skirted the south shore of Lake Superior, learned of mines of copper in the neighborhood, and late in the autumn entered Chequamegon Bay. Somewhere between the Ashland and Washburn of our day, they built a crude waterside fort. Later caching their stores, to hide them from the Indians, they visited a Huron village in the interior, and wandered as far west as the Mille Lacs region in Minnesota, there wintering among the Ojibwe. In the spring they visited the Sioux and then returned to Chequamegon Bay, built another fortified trading post, and during the following summer descended to Canada, never again to visit the Northwest.

1660-61. The Jesuit missions in Ontario near Georgian Bay having been destroyed by the Iroquois, the Huron fled to Northwest Wisconsin. Father Rene Menard followed them in the autumn of 1660. After a winter of great hardship among the Indians at Keweenaw Bay, he and a white companion started for the Huron villages on the Chippewa and Black rivers. After many difficulties and much suffering, they reached the Wisconsin River, which they descended for a considerable distance. In the vicinity of a rapids on the Rib River in Taylor County Father Menard lost the obscure trail, and was never again seen.

1665. Father Claude Allouez, another Jesuit missionary, was sent by his superior to reopen the mission among the Huron. On Chequamegon Bay, he chose for his hut a site on the southwest shore, which he named "La Pointe du Saint Esprit." Remaining here four years, he instructed roving bands of Huron, Ottawa, and other Indians, who had fled from Iroquois attacks. In 1669 Allouez was relieved by Father Jacques Marquette.

1666. Nicolas Perrot, a fur trader, visited the Ho-Chunk, Potawatomi, Fox, Sauk, and Mascoutin villages near Green Bay, and persuaded the Potawatomi to send a delegation to trade and treat with the governor of New France at Montreal.

1669. Father Allouez visited the region of Green Bay, where he ministered to the several tribes clustered around its shores. He wintered in a small cabin whose location is not now known.

1670-71. After visiting the Fox village on Wolf River, and that of the Mascoutin on the upper Fox (near the present Berlin), Father Allouez returned to Sault Ste. Marie (May 20, 1670). In the autumn, accompanied by Father Claude Dablon, he was again in Wisconsin, when the mission of St. Francois was begun for the Menominee and the Potawatomi, that of St. Marc for the Foxes, and that of St. Jacques for the Mascoutin.

1671. Simon Francois Daumont, sieur de St. Lusson, was sent to Sault Ste. Marie, and there (June 14), in the presence of Allouez and other Jesuits with Perrot acting as interpreter, took official possession of the Northwest in the name of the French king.

1672. Father Allouez, reinforced by Father Louis Andre, enlarged the Wisconsin missions, building at De Pere (whose names is abbreviated from "Rapides des Peres", the "Fathers' Rapids") a chapel and mission house, to which was given the name of St. Francois Xavier. This became the centre of Jesuit missionary work in Wisconsin.

1673. Louis Jolliet and Father Jacques Marquette set out in May from St. Ignace mission, at the Straits of Mackinac, and entering Green Bay and Fox River reached the Mascoutin village on June 7. Portaging into Wisconsin River, they descended the latter to its mouth, at which they arrived June 17. Thence they descended the Mississippi as far as the mouth of the Arkansas, passing on their way villages of the Illinois and other Southern tribes. Satisfied that the great river made its way to the Gulf of Mexico, and warned of danger if they advanced, they planted a cross at the limit of their discovery and in July began the return voyage. Ascending Mississippi and Illinois rivers they portaged at Chicago to Lake Michigan, and by the close of September were again at the mission at De Pere.

1674-75. In October, an ailing Marquette started with two assistants to establish a mission among the Illinois Indians. Proceeding along the east coast of Green Bay, where is now the Sturgeon Bay ship canal, they portaged to Lake Michigan and paddled up that lake to the mouth of Chicago River, where they wintered on a sand dune near the shore. In the spring they pushed on to the Illinois villages near Peoria. But Marquette grew steadily more ill and turned back to Mackinac, hoping to live to reach that station. He died on the journey (May 19), and was buried at the mouth of Pere Marquette River in Michigan. Later, Indians removed his bones to St. Ignace.

1673-76. Father Allouez, aided by Fathers Andre and Antoine Silvy, continued their work among the tribes around Green Bay. Crosses were erected in the important villages, and baptisms conferred. The number of Indian refugees in these villages, fleeing from the raiding Iroquois, increased more rapidly than the converts.

1677. Father Charles Albanel came as superior of the Green Bay missions, and a substantial chapel was built at De Pere. Allouez voyaged by way of Lake Michigan to the Illinois, finding bitumen just north of Milwaukee.

1678-80. Daniel Greysolon Duluth explored and traded in the western end of Lake Superior, discovering the Bois Brule/St. Croix route to the Mississippi, and hunting with Sioux Indians on Wisconsin soil.

1679. Robert Cavelier de La Salle, licensed by the French king to monopolize the Western fur trade, arrived off Green Bay early in September in the "Griffon" ¿ the first sailing vessel on the Great Lakes. It had been built on Niagara River above the cataract. Sending her back laden with peltries collected at Green Bay, La Salle with a party of fourteen men in canoes started southward along the west shore of Lake Michigan. The voyage was one of great peril, for the lake was swept by gales. In Milwaukee Bay their camp was visited by a band of Fox Indians, who stole some of their property. La Salle induced them to make restoration, whereupon he moved on up the lake coast, finally reaching the Illinois by way of St. Joseph and Kankakee rivers.

1680. Father Louis Hennepin, a Recollect friar of La Salle's party, with two of the latter's subordinates, Michel Accau and Antoine Auguel, left the mouth of Illinois River (March 12) to explore the upper Mississippi. On their way they passed the site of Prairie du Chien. Below Lake Pepin the party were taken prisoners by the Sioux, who carried them to the present site of St. Paul, thence to the Mille Lacs. After wandering some months with roving bands of Sioux, Hennepin and his companions were rescued by Duluth, and crossing by the Wisconsin¿Fox river route proceeded to De Pere and Mackinac.

1683. At De Pere, in May, Duluth defended the mission against an Iroquois attack. Subsequent disorder and confusion occurred in the Green Bay region, and trader Nicolas Perrot, acting under the orders of the commandant at Mackinac, re-established peace. About this time, Duluth, having punished Indian murderers of the French at Sault Ste. Marie, rendered Lake Superior safe for French traders and explorers.

1684. Warriors from Wisconsin tribes, led by Perrot, joined La Barre's abortive expedition against the Iroquois.

1685. Perrot was appointed "commandant of the West." With a small squad of twenty soldiers, he passed over the Fox¿Wisconsin route and wintered on the east bank of the Mississippi, about a mile above the present village of Trempealeau. Afterwards he established several trading posts on the Mississippi River, among them Fort Nicolas, near the site of Prairie du Chien, and Fort St. Antoine on Lake Pepin.

1686. Perrot presented a silver ostensorium to the De Pere mission.

1687. Warriors from Wisconsin tribes, under Perrot's leadership, joined Denonville, on Lake Ontario, for an expedition against the New York Iroquois. During their absence the mission house at De Pere, with all the furs stored therein, was burned with a loss of over 40,000 livres.

1689. Perrot, commandant among the Sioux, took possession at Fort St. Antoine, in the name of the French king, of the St. Croix, St. Peter, and upper Mississippi valleys.

1690¿92. Perrot discovered and began operations in the lead mines of Iowa and Wisconsin, where he built temporary forts. He also adjusted peace between the Sioux and the Foxes together with their allies.

1693. Continued wars between the Sioux and the Wisconsin tribes rendered the Fox¿Wisconsin route unsafe for French traders. Count Frontenac thereupon sent Pierre Charles le Sueur to command at Chequamegon and keep open a route from Lake Superior to the Mississippi. He built a stockaded fort at La Pointe, on Madeline Island in Chequamegon Bay, and another on an island in the Mississippi near Red Wing, Minnesota.

1696. Licenses for fur trading were revoked by the French government, all western commandants being recalled and the posts evacuated and abandoned.

1698. Father Jean Francois Buisson de St. Cosme, a Sulpician missionary en route for the Mississippi, coasted from Mackinac along the west shore of Lake Michigan. Finding the Fox¿Wisconsin route closed by the hostility of the Fox Indians, his party was obliged to seek the Chicago¿Illinois portage. October 4 they camped at a Potawatomi village on the site, it is supposed, of Sheboygan. Three days later they reached Milwaukee, where was found a large Indian town of mixed tribes. The next stop was on the site of Racine; but they found the water too low to portage over to the Pistakee (or Fox River of the Illinois), so after a five days' rest they continued on to Chicago.

View related articles at Wisconsin Magazine of History Archives.

[Source: Schafer, Joseph. "Outline History of Wisconsin." 1925 Wisconsin Blue book (Madison, 1925) ]

330 records found

100 Day Men
Abraham, Henry William 1866 - 1920
Adams, Henry Cullen 1850 - 1906
Albion Academy (Historic Marker)
Allen, Col. Thomas S. (1825-1905)
Allis, Edward Phelps 1824 - 1889
Anderson, Wendell Abraham 1840 - 1929
Arnold, Jonathan Earle 1814 - 1869
Babcock, Joseph Weeks 1850 - 1909
Baensch, Emil 1857 - 1939
Baird, Henry Samuel 1800 - 1875
Baker, Charles Minton 1804 - 1872
Baker, Robert Hall 1839 - 1882
Baldus, Alvin 1926
Barlow, Elmer Elbert 1887 - 1948
Barstow, William Augustus 1813 - 1865
Barstow-Bashford Affair (1856)
Bashford, Coles 1816 - 1878
Bay View Rolling Mill (Historic Marker Erected 198
Beall, Samuel Wooton[?] 1807 - 1868
Beauharnais, Charles, Marquis de
Beauharnois de la Boische, Charles de, Marquis de
Beck, Joseph David 1866 - 1936
Beilfuss, Bruce F. 1915
Belmont (capitol)
Belmont, Village of, Lafayette Co.
Best, Phillip 1814 - 1869
Blaine, John James 1873 - 1934
Bolens, Harry Wilbur 1864 - 1944
Booth, Sherman Miller 1812 - 1904
Borg, George M. (1934 - 1971)
Bovay, Alvan E[arl] 1818 - 1903
Brisay de Denonville, Jacques-René, Marquis de Den
Brisbois, Michael [Michel] 1760 - 1837
Brown County [origin of place name]
Brown, Timothy 1889
Brunson, Alfred 1793 - 1882
Bryant, Edwin Eustace 1835 - 1903
Bryant, George Edwin 1832 - 1907
Buade de Frontenac et de Pallau, Louis de, Comte d
Burchard, George Washington 1835 - 1921
Burmaster, Elizabeth 1954
Burns, Timothy 1820 - 1853
Butte Des Morts (Historic Marker Erected 1955)
Camp Harvey (Historic Marker Erected 1992)
Camp Randall
Camp Randall (Historic Marker Erected 1961)
Capitol fire (1904)
Carver, Jonathan 1710 - 1780
Cass, Lewis, 1782-1866.
Champlain, Samuel de, 1567-1635.
Chase, Warren 1813 - 1891
Civil War: Battle Flags
Clark, Julius Taylor 1814 - 1908
Clark-Halyard, Ardie 1896 - 1989
Cleary, Michael Joseph 1876 - 1947
Coleman, Charles W.
Coleman, William 1878 - 1933
Coles Bashford House (Historic Marker Erected 1975
Connor, William Duncan 1864 - 1944
Cook, Samuel Andrew 1849 - 1918
Coutume de Paris
Crawford County
Crocker, Hans 1815 - 1889
Cross, James B. 1819 - 1876
Crownhart, Charles Henry 1863 - 1930
Czarnezki, Joseph J. 1954
Dailey, Lt. Col. Dennis B. (1840-1898)
Darling, Alberta 1944
Davidson, James (1854-1922)(Historic Marker Erecte
Davidson, James O. 1854 - 1922
Day, Roland B. 1919
death penalty in Wisconsin
Deininger, David G. 1947
Derleth, August W. (1909-1971)(Historic Marker Ere
Dewey, Nelson 1813 - 1889
Dieterich, William Herbert 1897
Dixon, Luther Swift 1825 - 1891
Dodge County [origin of place name]
Dodge's Grove and Fort Union (Historic Marker Erec
Dodge, Henry 1782 - 1867
Dodgeville [brief history]
Dodgeville [origin of place name]
Doodle Book
Doolittle, James Rood 1815 - 1897
Doty, James Duane 1799 - 1865
Doyle, Jim 1945
Dreyfus, Lee Sherman 1926-2008
Duff, Marc C. 1961
Durkee, Charles 1805 - 1870
Earl, Anthony S. 1936
Edgerton, Benjamin Hyde 1811 - 1886
Ekern, Herman Lewis 1872 - 1954
Erpenbach, Jon B. 1961
Evans, Joseph Spragg 1875 - 1948
Fairchild, Col. Cassius (1829–1868)
Fairchild, Gov. Lucius (1831-1896)
Fairchild, Thomas E. 1912
Farrow, Margaret A. 1934
Farwell, Leonard James 1819 - 1889
Fifield [origin of place name]
Fifield, Samuel S. 1839 - 1915
Flynn, Gerald T. 1910
Flynn, James T. 1944
Fond du Lac [brief history]
Four Lakes, City of the
Fox and Wisconsin River Improvement Company
Frank, Glenn 1887 - 1940
Gale, Zona 1874 - 1938
Gaylord, Adj. Gen. Augustus (1826-1901)
Gilmore, Eugene Allen 1871 - 1953
Goodland, Walter Samuel 1862 - 1947
Governor James Taylor Lewis (1819-1904) (Historic
Governor Lewis (Historic Marker Erected 1995)
Governor Rusk (Historic Marker Erected 1958)
Governor's Commission on Human Rights
Governor's Guard (Civil War)
Graass, Frank N. 1885
Grand Army of the Republic
Greco, Angelo F. 1925
Griffin, Ezra Leonard 1821 - 1892
Groseilliers, Medard Chouart, Sieur Des 1618 - 168
Haldimand, Frederick, 1718-1791
Hambrecht, George Philip 1871 - 1943
Harvey, Cordelia (1824–1895)
Harvey, Cordelia (Historic Marker Erected 1991)
Harvey, Gov. Louis P. (1820-1862)
Haskell, Col. Frank A. (1828-1864)
Hastings, Samuel Dexter 1816 - 1903
Hatton, William H. 1856 - 1937
Haugen, Nils Pederson 1849 - 1931
Heil, Julius Peter 1876 - 1949
Hephner, Gervase A. 1936
Hill, Charles Lewis 1869 - 1957
Hirst, Arthur Roscoe 1881 - 1932
Historic Mineral Point (Historic Marker Erected 19
Hixson, Hiram Frank 1858 - 1894
Hoard, William Dempster 1836 - 1918
Hobart, Col. Harrison C. (1815-1902)
Holton, Edward Dwight 1815 - 1892
Home of Governor Harvey (Historic Marker Erected 1
Hopkins, Benjamin Franklin 1829 - 1870
Horner, John Scott 1802 - 1883
Howe, Timothy Otis 1816 - 1883
Hoxie, Vinnie Ream 1847 - 1914
Hoyt, John Wesley 1831 - 1912
Huber, Henry Allen 1869 - 1933
Hubler, Mary 1952
Huibregtse, Harold F. 1907
Hundred Day Men
Ihde, Herman 1877 - 1943
Industrial Commission
intendant (Fr.)
Jackson, Mortimer Melville 1809 - 1889
James, Ada Lois 1876 - 1952
Janssen, Edward H. 1815 - 1877
Jaronitzky, June 1938
Jensen, Scott R. 1960
Johnson, Gary K. 1939
Jolliet, Louis 1645 - 1700
Jonas, Charles 1840 - 1896
Jones, George Wallace 1804 - 1896
Kanavas, Theodore J. 1961
Kenosha [brief history]
King, Charles 1844 - 1933
Kinzie, John Harris 1803 - 1865
Klusman, Judith 1956
Knowles, Warren P. 1908
Knowlton, James H. 1813 - 1879
Knox, Randall S. 1949
Kohler Strike
Kohler, Walter Jodok 1875 - 1940
Kostuck, John T. 1892
Krusick, Peggy 1956
La Crosse [brief history]
La Crosse, La Crosse Co.
La Fave, John 1949
La Follette, Philip Fox, 1897-1965
La Follette, Robert Marion Sr. (1855-1925)(Histori
La Follette, Robert Marion Sr. 1855 - 1925
La Follette, Robert Marion, Jr., 1895 - 1953
Laird, Melvin R. 1922 -
Land Grant Scandal
Lathan, Raymond Lee 1915
Lautenschlager, Peggy A. 1955
Lawton, Barbara 1951
Lenroot, Irvine Luther 1869 - 1949
Lewis, Gov. James Taylor (1819-1904)
Lewis, James Otto 1799 - 1858
Lewis, Theodore Gorman 1890 - 1934
Litscher, Leroy "Pete" 1939
Loomis, Orland Steen 1893 - 1942
Loucks, Steven 1961
Lucey, Patrick J. 1918
Ludington, Harrison 1812 - 1891
Lynch, Richard J. 1921
Madison, Dane Co.
Martin, Joseph 1878 - 1946
Mcarthur, Arthur 1815 - 1896
McArthur, Gen. Arthur (1845-1912)
Mccallum, Scott 1950
Mccord, Myron Hawley 1840 - 1908
Mcgovern, Francis Edward 1866 - 1946
Menasha [brief history]
Michilimakinac County
Mitchell, Alexander 1817 - 1887
Monahan, James Gideon 1855 - 1923
Moser, William R. 1927
Munson, Oliver Goldsmith 1856 - 1933
Nash, Philleo 1909
Neenah [brief history]
Neenah [origin of place name]
Nelson Dewey-First Governor of Wisconsin (Historic
Nelson, Gaylord A. 1916-2005
Nieman, Lucius William 1857 - 1935
Nordberg, Bruno Victor 1858 - 1924
Olbrich, Michael Balthasar 1881 - 1929
Old Stockade Site (Historic Marker Erected 1954)
Olson, Jack B. 1920
Olson, Russell A. 1924
Orton, Harlow South 1817 - 1895
Oshkosh [brief history]
Oshkosh, Menominee chief, 1795 - 1858
Outdoor Recreation Act Program (ORAP)
Palmer, Henry L. 1819 - 1909
Paul, George Howard 1826 - 1890
Peck, George Wilbur 1840 - 1916
Philipp, Emanuel Lorenz 1861 - 1925
Pierre Esprit Radisson and Medart Grosellieres (Hi
Plale, Jeffrey T. 1968
Pommerening, Glen E. 1927
Potter Law (1874)
Pound, Thaddeus Coleman 1833 - 1914
primary elections in Wisconsin
Quick, William F. 1909
Quiner, Edwin Bryant (1816-1868)
Racine [brief history]
Radisson, Pierre Esprit 1636 - 1710
Radisson-Groseilliers Fort (Historic Marker Erecte
Randall, Gov. Alexander W. (1819-1872)
Raymond [origin of place name]
Reaume, Charles 1752 - 1821
Reed, Harrison 1813 - 1899
Reynolds, John W. 1921
Rhoades, Kitty 1951
Rigaud de Vaudreuil de Cavagnial, Pierre de, Marqu
Rigaud de Vaudreuil, Philippe de, Marquis de Vaudr
Ripon [origin of place name]
Robinson, Charles D. 1822 - 1886
Rothwell, Angus B. 1905
Rusk County [origin of place name]
Rusk, Gov. Jeremiah M. (1830-1893)
Ryan, Edward George 1810 - 1880
Salomon, Gov. Edward (1828-1909)
Schmedeman, Albert George 1864 - 1946
Schmidt, Gary J. 1947
Schneiders, Lolita 1931
Schreiber, Martin J. 1939
Schurz, Carl (1829-1906)
Schwartz, Jerome T. 1951
Scofield, Edward 1842 - 1925
Seratti, Lorraine M. 1949
Seymour [origin of place name]
Sholes, Charles Clark 1816 - 1867
Sinking of the Lady Elgin (Historic Marker Erected
slavery in Wisconsin
Smith, George Baldwin 1823 - 1879
Smith, William E. 1824 - 1883
Smith, William Rudolph 1787 - 1868
Smith, Winfield 1827 - 1899
Somers, Peter J. 1850 - 1924
Spooner, John Coit 1843 - 1919
Spooner, Wyman 1795 - 1877
St. Clair, Arthur, 1734-1818
Starkweather, John Converse 1830 - 1890
Steinbrink, John P. 1949
Stephenson, Isaac 1829 - 1918
Stevens, Edmond Ray 1869 - 1930
Stewart, Alva 1821 - 1889
Stitt, Donald K. 1944
Stone, Jeff 1961
Stone, Jesse 1836 - 1902
Sturdevant, Lafayette Monroe 1856 - 1923
Tallmadge, Nathaniel Pitcher 1795 - 1864
Taycheedah [origin of place name]
Taylor County [origin of place name]
Taylor, William Robert 1820 - 1909
territorial governor
Thompson, Barbara 1924
Thompson, Tommy G. 1941
Thomson, Vernon W. 1905
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1622-1699
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1750-1783
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1784-1835
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1836-1899
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1900 -1999
Treaty of the Cedars (Historic Marker Erected 1958
Turner, Robert L. 1947
Tweedy, John Hubbard 1814 - 1891
Upham, Don Alonzo Joshua 1809 - 1877
Upham, William Henry 1841 - 1924
Van Gorden, Heron A. "Pink" 1926
Van Sistine, Jerome 1926
Wallber, Emil 1841 - 1923
Washburn County [origin of place name]
Washburn [origin of place name]
Washburn, Gov. Cadwallader Colden (1818-1882)
Watertown [brief history]
Waukesha [brief history]
West, George Arbor 1859 - 1938
Whitehead, John Meek 1852 - 1924
Whiton, Edward Vernon 1805 - 1859
Whittet, Lawrence Clarke 1871 - 1954
Wilcox, Roy Porter 1873 - 1946
Wiley, Alexander 1884
Wimmer, Joseph E. 1934
Wisconsin Territory (Historic Marker Erected 1964)
Wisconsin [origin of place name]
Woodward, Gilbert Motier 1835 - 1914
York, Stanley 1931
Youmans, Theodora Winton, 1863 - 1932
Zeuske, Cathy S. 1958
Zimmerman, Fred R. 1880 - 1954
Zoldoske Case

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