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Dictionary of Wisconsin History

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Term: timeline of Wisconsin history, 1622-1699

Definition:

Adapted and expanded from Schafer, Joseph. "Outline History of Wisconsin." 1925 Wisconsin Blue book (Madison, 1925) . More information about most people and places listed here, including links to original sources, can be found by searching them in this Dictionary.


1622-23. Etienne Brule skirted the shore of Lake Superior

1634. Jean Nicolet landed at Red Banks, near Green Bay.

1654-1656. Medard Chouart, Sieur des Groseilliers, crossed Lake Huron and lower Michigan before arcing across Lake Michigan into Wisconsin. During the two years his party spent collecting furs, they appear to have visited Green Bay, Sault St. Marie, and Lake Superior as well as spending 4 months going from river to river in the interior. For many years, it was assumed that Pierre-Esprit Radisson had accompanied des Groseilliers on this trip; Radisson¿s own reminiscences make this claim. However, the discovery of Radisson¿s signature on a document signed in Quebec in 1655 proves his claim untrue.

1659-60. Pierre-Esprit Radisson and his brother-in-law, the Sieur de Groseilliers, with six other fur traders and a band of Huron Indians, skirted the south shore of Lake Superior, learned of mines of copper in the neighborhood, and late in the autumn entered Chequamegon Bay. Somewhere between the Ashland and Washburn of our day, they built a crude waterside fort. Later caching their stores, to hide them from the Indians, they visited a Huron village in the interior, and wandered as far west as the Mille Lacs region in Minnesota, there wintering among the Ojibwe. In the spring they visited the Sioux and then returned to Chequamegon Bay, built another fortified trading post, and during the following summer descended to Canada, never again to visit the Northwest.

1660-61. The Jesuit missions in Ontario near Georgian Bay having been destroyed by the Iroquois, the Huron fled to Northwest Wisconsin. Father Rene Menard followed them in the autumn of 1660. After a winter of great hardship among the Indians at Keweenaw Bay, he and a white companion started for the Huron villages on the Chippewa and Black rivers. After many difficulties and much suffering, they reached the Wisconsin River, which they descended for a considerable distance. In the vicinity of a rapids on the Rib River in Taylor County Father Menard lost the obscure trail, and was never again seen.

1665. Father Claude Allouez, another Jesuit missionary, was sent by his superior to reopen the mission among the Huron. On Chequamegon Bay, he chose for his hut a site on the southwest shore, which he named "La Pointe du Saint Esprit." Remaining here four years, he instructed roving bands of Huron, Ottawa, and other Indians, who had fled from Iroquois attacks. In 1669 Allouez was relieved by Father Jacques Marquette.

1666. Nicolas Perrot, a fur trader, visited the Ho-Chunk, Potawatomi, Fox, Sauk, and Mascoutin villages near Green Bay, and persuaded the Potawatomi to send a delegation to trade and treat with the governor of New France at Montreal.

1669. Father Allouez visited the region of Green Bay, where he ministered to the several tribes clustered around its shores. He wintered in a small cabin whose location is not now known.

1670-71. After visiting the Fox village on Wolf River, and that of the Mascoutin on the upper Fox (near the present Berlin), Father Allouez returned to Sault Ste. Marie (May 20, 1670). In the autumn, accompanied by Father Claude Dablon, he was again in Wisconsin, when the mission of St. Francois was begun for the Menominee and the Potawatomi, that of St. Marc for the Foxes, and that of St. Jacques for the Mascoutin.

1671. Simon Francois Daumont, sieur de St. Lusson, was sent to Sault Ste. Marie, and there (June 14), in the presence of Allouez and other Jesuits with Perrot acting as interpreter, took official possession of the Northwest in the name of the French king.

1672. Father Allouez, reinforced by Father Louis Andre, enlarged the Wisconsin missions, building at De Pere (whose names is abbreviated from "Rapides des Peres", the "Fathers' Rapids") a chapel and mission house, to which was given the name of St. Francois Xavier. This became the centre of Jesuit missionary work in Wisconsin.

1673. Louis Jolliet and Father Jacques Marquette set out in May from St. Ignace mission, at the Straits of Mackinac, and entering Green Bay and Fox River reached the Mascoutin village on June 7. Portaging into Wisconsin River, they descended the latter to its mouth, at which they arrived June 17. Thence they descended the Mississippi as far as the mouth of the Arkansas, passing on their way villages of the Illinois and other Southern tribes. Satisfied that the great river made its way to the Gulf of Mexico, and warned of danger if they advanced, they planted a cross at the limit of their discovery and in July began the return voyage. Ascending Mississippi and Illinois rivers they portaged at Chicago to Lake Michigan, and by the close of September were again at the mission at De Pere.

1674-75. In October, an ailing Marquette started with two assistants to establish a mission among the Illinois Indians. Proceeding along the east coast of Green Bay, where is now the Sturgeon Bay ship canal, they portaged to Lake Michigan and paddled up that lake to the mouth of Chicago River, where they wintered on a sand dune near the shore. In the spring they pushed on to the Illinois villages near Peoria. But Marquette grew steadily more ill and turned back to Mackinac, hoping to live to reach that station. He died on the journey (May 19), and was buried at the mouth of Pere Marquette River in Michigan. Later, Indians removed his bones to St. Ignace.

1673-76. Father Allouez, aided by Fathers Andre and Antoine Silvy, continued their work among the tribes around Green Bay. Crosses were erected in the important villages, and baptisms conferred. The number of Indian refugees in these villages, fleeing from the raiding Iroquois, increased more rapidly than the converts.

1677. Father Charles Albanel came as superior of the Green Bay missions, and a substantial chapel was built at De Pere. Allouez voyaged by way of Lake Michigan to the Illinois, finding bitumen just north of Milwaukee.

1678-80. Daniel Greysolon Duluth explored and traded in the western end of Lake Superior, discovering the Bois Brule/St. Croix route to the Mississippi, and hunting with Sioux Indians on Wisconsin soil.

1679. Robert Cavelier de La Salle, licensed by the French king to monopolize the Western fur trade, arrived off Green Bay early in September in the "Griffon" ¿ the first sailing vessel on the Great Lakes. It had been built on Niagara River above the cataract. Sending her back laden with peltries collected at Green Bay, La Salle with a party of fourteen men in canoes started southward along the west shore of Lake Michigan. The voyage was one of great peril, for the lake was swept by gales. In Milwaukee Bay their camp was visited by a band of Fox Indians, who stole some of their property. La Salle induced them to make restoration, whereupon he moved on up the lake coast, finally reaching the Illinois by way of St. Joseph and Kankakee rivers.

1680. Father Louis Hennepin, a Recollect friar of La Salle's party, with two of the latter's subordinates, Michel Accau and Antoine Auguel, left the mouth of Illinois River (March 12) to explore the upper Mississippi. On their way they passed the site of Prairie du Chien. Below Lake Pepin the party were taken prisoners by the Sioux, who carried them to the present site of St. Paul, thence to the Mille Lacs. After wandering some months with roving bands of Sioux, Hennepin and his companions were rescued by Duluth, and crossing by the Wisconsin¿Fox river route proceeded to De Pere and Mackinac.

1683. At De Pere, in May, Duluth defended the mission against an Iroquois attack. Subsequent disorder and confusion occurred in the Green Bay region, and trader Nicolas Perrot, acting under the orders of the commandant at Mackinac, re-established peace. About this time, Duluth, having punished Indian murderers of the French at Sault Ste. Marie, rendered Lake Superior safe for French traders and explorers.

1684. Warriors from Wisconsin tribes, led by Perrot, joined La Barre's abortive expedition against the Iroquois.

1685. Perrot was appointed "commandant of the West." With a small squad of twenty soldiers, he passed over the Fox¿Wisconsin route and wintered on the east bank of the Mississippi, about a mile above the present village of Trempealeau. Afterwards he established several trading posts on the Mississippi River, among them Fort Nicolas, near the site of Prairie du Chien, and Fort St. Antoine on Lake Pepin.

1686. Perrot presented a silver ostensorium to the De Pere mission.

1687. Warriors from Wisconsin tribes, under Perrot's leadership, joined Denonville, on Lake Ontario, for an expedition against the New York Iroquois. During their absence the mission house at De Pere, with all the furs stored therein, was burned with a loss of over 40,000 livres.

1689. Perrot, commandant among the Sioux, took possession at Fort St. Antoine, in the name of the French king, of the St. Croix, St. Peter, and upper Mississippi valleys.

1690¿92. Perrot discovered and began operations in the lead mines of Iowa and Wisconsin, where he built temporary forts. He also adjusted peace between the Sioux and the Foxes together with their allies.

1693. Continued wars between the Sioux and the Wisconsin tribes rendered the Fox¿Wisconsin route unsafe for French traders. Count Frontenac thereupon sent Pierre Charles le Sueur to command at Chequamegon and keep open a route from Lake Superior to the Mississippi. He built a stockaded fort at La Pointe, on Madeline Island in Chequamegon Bay, and another on an island in the Mississippi near Red Wing, Minnesota.

1696. Licenses for fur trading were revoked by the French government, all western commandants being recalled and the posts evacuated and abandoned.

1698. Father Jean Francois Buisson de St. Cosme, a Sulpician missionary en route for the Mississippi, coasted from Mackinac along the west shore of Lake Michigan. Finding the Fox¿Wisconsin route closed by the hostility of the Fox Indians, his party was obliged to seek the Chicago¿Illinois portage. October 4 they camped at a Potawatomi village on the site, it is supposed, of Sheboygan. Three days later they reached Milwaukee, where was found a large Indian town of mixed tribes. The next stop was on the site of Racine; but they found the water too low to portage over to the Pistakee (or Fox River of the Illinois), so after a five days' rest they continued on to Chicago.

View related articles at Wisconsin Magazine of History Archives.

[Source: Schafer, Joseph. "Outline History of Wisconsin." 1925 Wisconsin Blue book (Madison, 1925) ]

351 records found

tabac (Fr.)
Tabor [origin of place name]
Tabor, Racine Co.
tackle (maritime)
tactics (Civil War)
Tadoussac
Tadych, Albert R. 1932
Taegesville, Marathon Co.
Taft, Town of, Taylor Co.
Taft-Harltey Act
Tafton, Town of, Grant Co.
Tainter Lake, Dunn Co.
Tainter, Andrew 1823 - 1899
Tainter, Jeremiah Burnham 1836 - 1920
Tainter, Town of, Dunn Co.
Taliesin
Tallmadge, Nathaniel Pitcher 1795 - 1864
Talon, Jean, comte d'Orsainville (c.1625-1694)
Talsky, George J. 1899
Tamarack, Trempealeau Co.
Tamarois
Tamms, Erwin G. 1931
tank top (maritime)
Tank, Nils Otto 1800 - 1864
Tanktown [origin of place name]
Tanner, Herbert Battles 1859 - 1933
Tannery Town, Ashland Co.
tanning and leather processing
taps and dies (maritime)
Tarrant, Pepin Co.
tassels (farming)
Tatum, Arthur Lawrie. 1884 - 1955
Taus, Manitowoc Co.
Tavera, Richland Co.
Taways
Taycheedah [origin of place name]
Taycheedah, Fond du Lac Co.
Taycheedah, Town of, Fond du Lac Co.
Taycheedahff [origin of place name]
Taychoperah
Taylor County [origin of place name]
Taylor, David 1818 - 1891
Taylor, Horace Adolphus 1837 - 1910
Taylor, Jackson Co.
Taylor, Lena C. 1966
Taylor, Town of, Sheboygan Co.
Taylor, Town of, Washington Co.
Taylor, Village of, Jackson Co.
Taylor, William Robert 1820 - 1909
Taylors Corners, Dane Co.
Tchidouakouongues
Te Winkle, William P. 1954
Teasdale, Howard (1855 - 1936)
Tecumseh, Shawnee War Chief (c.1768-1813)
Tehan, Robert, 1905-1975.
Tell Sharpshooters (Civil War)
Tell, Buffalo Co.
temperance
temperance movement in Wisconsin
ten-foot (railroads)
Tenney, Horace Addison 1820 - 1906
Tennyson, Grant Co.
Tennyson, Village of, Grant Co.
Teotsa, Rock Co.
termination
terra cotta (architecture)
terrace (farming)
territorial governor
territory
Terry, Earle Melvin 1879 - 1929
Terry, Walter E.
tertiary strata (mining)
Tesmer, Louise M.
Tess Corners, Waukesha Co.
Texas, Town of, Marathon Co.
Thayer, Eugene Butler 1853 - 1931
Thayer, Jesse B. 1845 - 1910
The "Dinky" (Historic Marker Erected 1989)
The Alexander Noble House (Historic Marker Erected
The Bad River (Historic Marker Erected 1957)
The Baraboo Range (Historic Marker Erected 1958)
The Battle of St. Croix Falls (Historic Marker Ere
The Circus (Historic Marker Erected 1970)
The Cobban Bridge (Historic Marker erected 1986)
The Coulee Region (Historic Marker Erected 1975)
The Dells, Town of, Sauk Co.
The Driftless Area (Erected 1983)
The Gideons (Historic Marker Erected 1958)
The Hodag (Historic Marker Erected 1973)
The Home of Colby Cheese (Historic Marker Erected
The Homme Homes (Historic Marker Erected 1973)
The Ice Cream Sundae (Historic Marker Erected 1973
The Iron Brigade (Historic Marker Erected 1992)
The John Mann House (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
The Lower Narrows (Historic Marker Erected 1996)
The McCoy Farmhouse (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
The McGilvray "Seven Bridges Road" (Historic Marke
The Medal of Honor (Historic Marker Erected 1990)
The Merrimac Ferry (Historic Marker Erected 1973)
The Military Road (Historic Marker Erected 1975)
The Name "Wisconsin" (Historic Marker Erected 1994
The Oldest Lutheran Church in Wisconsin (Historic
The Orchards of Door County (Historic Marker Erect
The Outlet Mound (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
The Passenger Pigeon (Historic Marker Erected 1973
The Point of Beginning (Historic Marker Erected 19
The Pursuit West (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
The Raube Road Site (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
The Sand Counties-Aldo Leopold Territory (Historic
The Saukville Trails (Historic Marker Erected 1998
The Smoker, Ho-Chunk chief
The Solomon Juneau House (Historic Marker Erected
The Spark (Historic Marker Erected 1957)
The Superior Entry (Historic Marker Erected 1976)
The U.S. Military at Turtle Village (Historic Mark
The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (Historic Ma
The University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh (Historic Mark
The University of Wisconsin-Superior (Historic Mar
The Upper Mississippi (Historic Marker Erected 198
The Valley View State (Historic Marker Erected 198
The Winnebago Trail (Historic Marker Erected 1978)
The Wisconsin River (Historic Marker Erected 1982)
theaters in Wisconsin
Theno, Daniel U. 1947
Theresa Station, Dodge Co.
Theresa [origin of place name]
Theresa, Dodge Co.
Theresa, Town of, Dodge Co.
Theresa, Village of, Dodge Co.
Thiensville, Ozaukee Co.
Thiensville, Village of, Ozaukee Co.
Third Lake Passage (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
Third Ward fire (Milwaukee, 1892)
Third Ward Fire: 1892 (Historic Marker Erected 199
Third Ward, Calumet Co.
Thirty-Second Division Memorial Highway (Historic
Thirty-Second Division Memorial Highway (Historic
Thiry Daems, Kewaunee Co.
Thomas, Ormsby Brunson 1832 - 1904
Thomas, Town of, Rusk Co.
Thompson, Barbara 1924
Thompson, Carl W. 1914
Thompson, George 1918
Thompson, John C[Ameron] 1872 - 1934
Thompson, Robert M. 1927
Thompson, Tommy G. 1941
Thompson, Washington Co.
Thompsonville [origin of place name]
Thompsonville, Racine Co.
Thomson, Alexander Mcdonald 1822 - 1898
Thomson, Vernon W. 1905
Thornapple Creek
Thornapple, Rusk Co.
Thornapple, Town of, Rusk Co.
Thornton, Shawano Co.
Thorp, Clark Co.
Thorp, Joseph G. 1812 - 1895
Thorp, Town of, Clark Co.
Thorstein Veblen (1857-1929) (Historic Marker Erec
Three Lakes, Oneida Co.
Three Lakes, Town of, Oneida Co.
Three Rivers (Trois-Rivières)
through platform (railroads)
Thunder, Betsy
Thwaites, Reuben Gold 1853 - 1913
Ti-Cho-Rah, Election precinct of, Marquette Co.
Tibbets, Walworth Co.
Tichigan, Racine Co.
Tiffany, Rock Co.
Tiffany, Town of, Dunn Co.
Tigers (Civil War)
Tigerton, Shawano Co.
Tigerton, Village of, Shawano Co.
Tilden, Chippewa Co.
Tilden, Town of, Chippewa Co.
Tilleda, Shawano Co.
timber frame (architecture)
Timberland [origin of place name]
Timberland, Burnett Co.
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1622-1699
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1700-1749
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1750-1783
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1784-1835
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1836-1899
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1900 -1999
Timlin, William Henry 1852 - 1916
Timme, Ernst Gerhardt 1843 - 1923
Timmerman, Lawrence W. 1910
Tioga, Clark Co.
Tionnontate
Tipler, Florence Co.
Tipler, Town of, Florence Co.
Tisch Mills [origin of place name]
Tisch Mills, Manitowoc Co.
Tish-shar-gon Lake, Racine Co.
Titanic (Wisconsin passengers)
Tittemore, James Nelson 1864 - 1949
Titus, William Albert 1868 - 1951
tobacco industry
Tobiasz, Raymond J. 1916
Tobin, Kenosha Co.
toise (Fr.)
Token Creek [origin of place name]
Token Creek, Dane Co.
Tomah (Historic Marker Erected 1959)
Tomah [brief history]
Tomah [origin of place name]
Tomah, Menominee leader, ca. 1752 - 1818
Tomah, Monroe Co.
Tomah, Town of, Monroe Co.
Tomahawk Lake, Town of, Oneida Co.
Tomahawk [origin of place name]
Tomahawk, Lincoln Co.
Tomahawk, Town of, Lincoln Co.
Tonet, Kewaunee Co.
Tony, Rusk Co.
Tony, Village of, Rusk Co.
top-loader (logging)
topmast (maritime)
Topside, Bayfield Co.
Torkelson, Martin W. (1878-1963)(Historic Marker E
tornadoes in Wisconsin
Torun, Portage Co.
Totagatic River [origin of place name]
tourism in Wisconsin
Tow-head (logging)
Tow-team (logging)
Towerville, Crawford Co.
Towns, Debi 1956
Townsend, John F. 1938
Townsend, Oconto Co.
Townsend, Town of, Oconto Co.
township
Tracy, Clarissa Tucker 1818 - 1905
Trade Lake [origin of place name]
Trade Lake, Burnett Co.
Trade Lake, Town of, Burnett Co.
Trade River, Burnett Co.
trade unions in Wisconsin
Tragedy of the Siskiwit (Historic Marker Erected 1
Tragedy of War (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
Trail Discovery (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
trainman (railroads)
Trane, Reuben Nicholas 1886 - 1954
transition rocks (mining)
transom (maritime)
trap, or trapean rocks (mining)
traverse
Travis, David M. 1948
Travois (logging)
Treaty of 1825 (Prairie du Chien)
Treaty of 1827 (Butte des Morts)
Treaty of 1829 (Prairie du Chien)
Treaty of 1832 (Fort Armstrong)
Treaty of 1833 (Chicago)
Treaty of the Cedars (Historic Marker Erected 1958
Tredway Pumas (Civil War)
Tredway Rifles (Civil War)
Trees for Tomorrow
Trego, Town of, Washburn Co.
Trego, Washburn Co.
Tregoning, Joseph E. 1941
Trek Bicycle Corporation
Tremain, Ben 1888
Tremble, Brown Co.
Trempealeau County [origin of place name]
Trempealeau River
Trempealeau, Town of, Buffalo Co.
Trempealeau, Town of, Trempealeau Co.
Trempealeau, Trempealeau Co.
Trempealeau, Village of, Trempealeau Co.
trench (farming)
Trenton, Pierce Co.
Trenton, Town of, Dodge Co.
Trenton, Town of, Pierce Co.
Trenton, Town of, Washington Co.
Treutel, Arthur H. 1897
Trever, Albert Augustus 1874 - 1940
Trevino, Buffalo Co.
Trevor, Kenosha Co.
Trimbelle, Pierce Co.
Trimbelle, Town of, Pierce Co.
Trinke, William F. 1897
Trip-boom (logging)
triple-expansion steam engine (maritime)
Tripoli, Lincoln Co.
Tripp, Town of, Bayfield Co.
Trippville, Vernon Co.
Trois-Rivieres
Troop Encampment (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
Tropman, Peter J. 1944
Trough-roof (logging)
Troupes de la Marine (Compagnies Franches de la Ma
Trow (historical), Clark Co.
Troy Center, Walworth Co.
Troy [origin of place name]
Troy, Town of, Sauk Co.
Troy, Town of, St. Croix Co.
Troy, Town of, Walworth Co.
Troy, Walworth Co.
Truax, Eau Claire Co.
True, Town of, Rusk Co.
Truesdell, Kenosha Co.
Truman, Lafayette Co.
trunk (maritime)
Tuczynski, Phillip James 1947
tug; tugboat (maritime)
Tuleta Hills, Green Lake Co.
Tunbridge, Town of, Jefferson Co.
Tunnel City, Monroe Co.
Tunnelville, Richland Co.
Turba, Wilfrid J. 1928
Turn (logging)
turn of the bilge (maritime)
Turneaure, Frederick Eugene 1866 - 1951
Turner, Andrew Jackson 1832 - 1905
Turner, Frederick Jackson (1861-1932) (Historic Ma
Turner, Frederick Jackson 1861 - 1932
Turner, Robert L. 1947
turntable (railroads)
Turtle Lake [origin of place name]
Turtle Lake, Barron Co.
Turtle Lake, Rock Co.
Turtle Lake, Town of, Barron Co.
Turtle Lake, Village of, Barron Co.
Turtle, Town of, Rock Co.
Turville Point, Madison
Tuscobia [origin of place name]
Tuscobia, Barron Co.
Tustin, Waushara Co.
Tweedy, John Hubbard 1814 - 1891
Twelve Corners, Outagamie Co.
Twelve Mile Bluff [origin of place name]
Twin Bluffs, Richland Co.
Twin Grove, Green Co.
Twin Lakes, Kenosha Co.
Twin Lakes, Village of, Kenosha Co.
Twin Lakes, Waukesha co.
Twin Rivers, Census district of, Manitowoc Co.
Twin Rivers, Manitowoc Co.
Twin Town, Barron Co.
Two Creeks [origin of place name]
Two Creeks, Manitowoc Co.
Two Creeks, Town of, Manitowoc Co.
Two Rivers [brief history]
Two Rivers [origin of place name]
Two Rivers, Manitowoc Co.
Two Rivers, Town of, Manitowoc Co.
Tyler Forks, Iron Co.
typewriter
Tyran, Florence Co.

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