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Dictionary of Wisconsin History

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Term: timeline of Wisconsin history, 1750-1783


Adapted and expanded from Schafer, Joseph. "Outline History of Wisconsin." 1925 Wisconsin Blue book (Madison, 1925) . More information about most people and places listed here, including links to original sources, can be found by searching them in this Dictionary.

1750. Marin reestablished a post among the Sioux. He was in partnership with the governor, Marquis de la Jonquiere, to exploit the upper country, and obtained from the Wisconsin fur trade a net profit of 150,000 livres per year.

1752. Joseph Marin relieved his father at the Sioux post. The latter was recalled to serve on the Ohio frontier, where he died in 1753.

1753. Grant of the post of La Baye to Francois Rigaud, brother of the Marquis de Vaudreuil, last governor of New France. Peace was made by Marin and St. Pierre between the Sioux, Cree, and Chippewa, insuring quiet among the Wisconsin tribesmen.

1755. Wisconsin Indians, under Charles de Langlade, participated in Braddock's defeat on the Monongahela (July 9).

1756. Sioux post abandoned by Joseph Marin.

1757. Hubert Couterot was last French commandant at La Baye, and Pierre Joseph Hertel, sieur de Beaubassin, at Chequamegon. Wisconsin Indians took part in the siege and massacre of British troops at Fort William Henry, on Lake George (August 3-9).

1758. A Menominee insurrection resulted in the death of several Frenchmen and the pillage of a storehouse at La Baye. To expiate the crime, seven warriors were sent to Montreal, where three of them were publicly shot.

1759. Wisconsin Indians participated in the defense of Quebec, both at the Falls of Montmorency and on the Plains of Abraham.

1760. Wisconsin Indians went to aid in the defense of Montreal, but retired before its capitulation. News of the surrender being forwarded to Mackinac, the last French commandant, Louis Lienard de Beaujeu-Villemonde, evacuated the fort, retiring with his garrison to the Mississippi. In passing through Wisconsin, en route to Rock River, where he wintered, he probably took with him the garrison at La Baye, leaving that post unoccupied.

1760. Upon the surrender of New France to the British, Wisconsin became English colonial territory, being governed from Mackinac and Quebec. Previous to 1774 Wisconsin was under military authority, but the "Quebec Act" of that year made it a part of the Province of Quebec, and thus it remained until the close of the Revolutionary War, when it was ceded to the United States. The governors of Canada during the time Wisconsin was under British dominion, were: Sir Jeffrey Amherst (commander-in-chief), 1760-63; Gen. Thomas Gage (commander-in-chief), 1763-64; Gen. James Murray (first governor-general), 1764-66; Lt: Col. Aemilius Paulus Irving (president of council), 1766; Sir Guy Carlton (lieutenant-governor and commander-in-chief), 1766-78 Hector Theophilus Cramahe (acting lieutenant-governor while Carlton was in England), 1770-74; Gen. Sir Frederick Haldimand (governor-general), 1778-84.While the Northwest nominally became United States territory by the treaty of 1783, Great Britain still held the military posts on the upper lakes until 1796, among them Mackinac, of which Wisconsin was a dependency. Henry Hamilton (lieutenant-governor of Canada) succeeded Haldimand, 1784-85; Gen. Henry Hope (president of council), 1785-86; Lord Dorchester, formerly Sir Guy Carlton (governor-gen-eral), 1786-96; and John Graves Simcoe (lieutenant-governor of the Upper Province of Canada), 1792-96.

1760-61. Immediately after the evacuation of Montreal a detachment was sent under Maj. Robert Rogers to occupy the Western posts. Detroit was surrendered Nov. 29, 1760, but the attempt to occupy Mackinac was defeated by the ice in the lakes. No further move was made until after Sir William Johnson made treaties at Detroit, in the summer of 1761, with all the Northwestern tribes. Then Capt. Henry Balfour, of the Eightieth British infantry, was dispatched from Detroit to occupy the Western posts. He arrived at Green Bay October 12, and took possession of the old French stockade, renaming it Fort Edward Augustus. He left here in garrison Ensign James Gorrell of the Sixtieth (Royal American) regiment, with a sergeant, corporal, and fifteen privates. Sometime that autumn British traders began to arrive from Albany and followed Wisconsin tribes to their wintering grounds.

1762. Lt. Gorrell made treaties with the Menominee, Winnebago, Ottawa, Sauk, Foxes, and Iowa, and assisted in a treaty between the Chippewa and Menominee. In June, Ensign Thomas Hutchins, afterwards a famous geographer, visited the fort with orders and instructions for Gorrell. Several English traders were scattered throughout the territory, two of whom, Abraham Lansing and his son, of Albany were killed by their French employees near Muscoda, called (probably on that account) English Prairie.

1763. The territories of New France, including Wisconsin, were formally ceded by the French to the British. Gorrell made a treaty with the Sioux. Pontiac's conspiracy led to a confederation of most of the Western Indians formerly allied with the French. They attacked the English posts on the upper Great Lakes, eight of which were captured. Divided counsels existed among Wisconsin Indians, however, and by skillful diplomacy Gorrell maintained himself at the Green Bay post until after the massacre of a large part of the garrison at Mackinac. Then he received orders from his Mackinac superior to evacuate his fort (June 21). The friendly Menominee escorted Gorrell and his party to l'Arbre Croche (on the east shore of Lake Michigan), where were quartered the remnants rof the Mackinac garrison, who were finally ransomed and sent down to Montreal under the protection of Wisconsin Indians. Fort Edward Augustus was never again garrisoned by British troops.

1764. Wisconsin Indians attended a general treaty at Niagara, and received certificates of commendation for their friendly conduct in Pontiac's conspiracy. The Langlade family removed from Mackinac and established themselves in the small French settlement at Green Bay.

1765. Alexander Henry and Jean Baptiste Cadotte founded a fur-trading post on Chequamegon Bay, Which region had been abandoned by whites since 1758.

1766. Jonathan Carver, a colonial officer from Weymouth, Mass., visited Wisconsin. In his published narrative he described the settlement at Green Bay, the old Indian town on Doty's island, the Fox and Wisconsin rivers, the Sauk town near the rapids of the Wisconsin, and the trading post at Prairie du Chien.

1773-75. Peter Pond, a Connecticut fur trader, visited Wisconsin and Minnesota, and wrote a detailed description of the Indian and French inhabitants of this region. He found a French ex-soldier named Pinnashon permanently established at the Fox-Wisconsin portage, transporting boats and cargoes. Pond assisted in escorting Sioux chiefs to Mackinac, where an advantageous peace was concluded with the Ojibwe.

1774. Civil government was established over the Northwest and Canada by the "Quebec Act," under which Wisconsin became a part of the British Province of Quebec.

1776-78. Wisconsin Indians under Charles de Langlade and Charles Gautier de Verville assisted the British during the Revolutionary War, and were concerned with the defense of Canada and the expedition of Burgoyne.

1778-79. De Langlade and Gautier rallied the Indians to the aid of the British Lt.-Gov. Henry Hamilton of Detroit against the Americans. After the latter's capture by the Americans at Vincennes (February 24, 1779), they opposed the projects of Col. George Rogers Clark's enterprising agent, Godefroy Linctot, Indian trader at Prairie du Chien, who detached many Wisconsin Indians from the British alliance. The Indians in the village at Milwaukee largely sided with the Americans. In the autumn, Capt. Samuel Robertson of the British sloop "Felicity" made a voyage of reconnoissance around Lake Michigan, inducing traders and Indians to support the British cause.

1780. An expedition of Canadians and Indians from Wisconsin advanced by way of Prairie du Chien, with a supporting column under de Langlade on the Illinois River, against the Spanish at St. Louis and the Americans in Illinois. They were repulsed and driven back (May 26), after having killed and captured several whites and African Americans. The Americans sent a retaliatory expedition to Rock River, one division of which penetrated southwestern Wisconsin. The British merchants of Mackinac sent a party to secure their furs stored at Prairie du Chien. Those that could not be carried away by them were burned, to prevent their falling into the hands of Americans.

1781. The Spanish organized an attack upon Fort St. Joseph, near the southeast corner of Lake Michigan, in which Milwaukee Indians participated. This is the traditional date of the settlement of Prairie du Chien by Basil Giard, Augustin Ange, and Pierre Antaya, although French traders had long dwelt upon the site seasonally.

1783. The treaty of Paris was concluded by which British territory east of the Mississippi was ceded to the United States. Joseph Calve was sent from Mackinac to notify the Indians along the upper Mississippi of the cessation of hostilities.

View related articles at Wisconsin Magazine of History Archives.

[Source: Schafer, Joseph. "Outline History of Wisconsin." 1925 Wisconsin Blue book (Madison, 1925).]

330 records found

100 Day Men
Abraham, Henry William 1866 - 1920
Adams, Henry Cullen 1850 - 1906
Albion Academy (Historic Marker)
Allen, Col. Thomas S. (1825-1905)
Allis, Edward Phelps 1824 - 1889
Anderson, Wendell Abraham 1840 - 1929
Arnold, Jonathan Earle 1814 - 1869
Babcock, Joseph Weeks 1850 - 1909
Baensch, Emil 1857 - 1939
Baird, Henry Samuel 1800 - 1875
Baker, Charles Minton 1804 - 1872
Baker, Robert Hall 1839 - 1882
Baldus, Alvin 1926
Barlow, Elmer Elbert 1887 - 1948
Barstow, William Augustus 1813 - 1865
Barstow-Bashford Affair (1856)
Bashford, Coles 1816 - 1878
Bay View Rolling Mill (Historic Marker Erected 198
Beall, Samuel Wooton[?] 1807 - 1868
Beauharnais, Charles, Marquis de
Beauharnois de la Boische, Charles de, Marquis de
Beck, Joseph David 1866 - 1936
Beilfuss, Bruce F. 1915
Belmont (capitol)
Belmont, Village of, Lafayette Co.
Best, Phillip 1814 - 1869
Blaine, John James 1873 - 1934
Bolens, Harry Wilbur 1864 - 1944
Booth, Sherman Miller 1812 - 1904
Borg, George M. (1934 - 1971)
Bovay, Alvan E[arl] 1818 - 1903
Brisay de Denonville, Jacques-René, Marquis de Den
Brisbois, Michael [Michel] 1760 - 1837
Brown County [origin of place name]
Brown, Timothy 1889
Brunson, Alfred 1793 - 1882
Bryant, Edwin Eustace 1835 - 1903
Bryant, George Edwin 1832 - 1907
Buade de Frontenac et de Pallau, Louis de, Comte d
Burchard, George Washington 1835 - 1921
Burmaster, Elizabeth 1954
Burns, Timothy 1820 - 1853
Butte Des Morts (Historic Marker Erected 1955)
Camp Harvey (Historic Marker Erected 1992)
Camp Randall
Camp Randall (Historic Marker Erected 1961)
Capitol fire (1904)
Carver, Jonathan 1710 - 1780
Cass, Lewis, 1782-1866.
Champlain, Samuel de, 1567-1635.
Chase, Warren 1813 - 1891
Civil War: Battle Flags
Clark, Julius Taylor 1814 - 1908
Clark-Halyard, Ardie 1896 - 1989
Cleary, Michael Joseph 1876 - 1947
Coleman, Charles W.
Coleman, William 1878 - 1933
Coles Bashford House (Historic Marker Erected 1975
Connor, William Duncan 1864 - 1944
Cook, Samuel Andrew 1849 - 1918
Coutume de Paris
Crawford County
Crocker, Hans 1815 - 1889
Cross, James B. 1819 - 1876
Crownhart, Charles Henry 1863 - 1930
Czarnezki, Joseph J. 1954
Dailey, Lt. Col. Dennis B. (1840-1898)
Darling, Alberta 1944
Davidson, James (1854-1922)(Historic Marker Erecte
Davidson, James O. 1854 - 1922
Day, Roland B. 1919
death penalty in Wisconsin
Deininger, David G. 1947
Derleth, August W. (1909-1971)(Historic Marker Ere
Dewey, Nelson 1813 - 1889
Dieterich, William Herbert 1897
Dixon, Luther Swift 1825 - 1891
Dodge County [origin of place name]
Dodge's Grove and Fort Union (Historic Marker Erec
Dodge, Henry 1782 - 1867
Dodgeville [brief history]
Dodgeville [origin of place name]
Doodle Book
Doolittle, James Rood 1815 - 1897
Doty, James Duane 1799 - 1865
Doyle, Jim 1945
Dreyfus, Lee Sherman 1926-2008
Duff, Marc C. 1961
Durkee, Charles 1805 - 1870
Earl, Anthony S. 1936
Edgerton, Benjamin Hyde 1811 - 1886
Ekern, Herman Lewis 1872 - 1954
Erpenbach, Jon B. 1961
Evans, Joseph Spragg 1875 - 1948
Fairchild, Col. Cassius (1829–1868)
Fairchild, Gov. Lucius (1831-1896)
Fairchild, Thomas E. 1912
Farrow, Margaret A. 1934
Farwell, Leonard James 1819 - 1889
Fifield [origin of place name]
Fifield, Samuel S. 1839 - 1915
Flynn, Gerald T. 1910
Flynn, James T. 1944
Fond du Lac [brief history]
Four Lakes, City of the
Fox and Wisconsin River Improvement Company
Frank, Glenn 1887 - 1940
Gale, Zona 1874 - 1938
Gaylord, Adj. Gen. Augustus (1826-1901)
Gilmore, Eugene Allen 1871 - 1953
Goodland, Walter Samuel 1862 - 1947
Governor James Taylor Lewis (1819-1904) (Historic
Governor Lewis (Historic Marker Erected 1995)
Governor Rusk (Historic Marker Erected 1958)
Governor's Commission on Human Rights
Governor's Guard (Civil War)
Graass, Frank N. 1885
Grand Army of the Republic
Greco, Angelo F. 1925
Griffin, Ezra Leonard 1821 - 1892
Groseilliers, Medard Chouart, Sieur Des 1618 - 168
Haldimand, Frederick, 1718-1791
Hambrecht, George Philip 1871 - 1943
Harvey, Cordelia (1824–1895)
Harvey, Cordelia (Historic Marker Erected 1991)
Harvey, Gov. Louis P. (1820-1862)
Haskell, Col. Frank A. (1828-1864)
Hastings, Samuel Dexter 1816 - 1903
Hatton, William H. 1856 - 1937
Haugen, Nils Pederson 1849 - 1931
Heil, Julius Peter 1876 - 1949
Hephner, Gervase A. 1936
Hill, Charles Lewis 1869 - 1957
Hirst, Arthur Roscoe 1881 - 1932
Historic Mineral Point (Historic Marker Erected 19
Hixson, Hiram Frank 1858 - 1894
Hoard, William Dempster 1836 - 1918
Hobart, Col. Harrison C. (1815-1902)
Holton, Edward Dwight 1815 - 1892
Home of Governor Harvey (Historic Marker Erected 1
Hopkins, Benjamin Franklin 1829 - 1870
Horner, John Scott 1802 - 1883
Howe, Timothy Otis 1816 - 1883
Hoxie, Vinnie Ream 1847 - 1914
Hoyt, John Wesley 1831 - 1912
Huber, Henry Allen 1869 - 1933
Hubler, Mary 1952
Huibregtse, Harold F. 1907
Hundred Day Men
Ihde, Herman 1877 - 1943
Industrial Commission
intendant (Fr.)
Jackson, Mortimer Melville 1809 - 1889
James, Ada Lois 1876 - 1952
Janssen, Edward H. 1815 - 1877
Jaronitzky, June 1938
Jensen, Scott R. 1960
Johnson, Gary K. 1939
Jolliet, Louis 1645 - 1700
Jonas, Charles 1840 - 1896
Jones, George Wallace 1804 - 1896
Kanavas, Theodore J. 1961
Kenosha [brief history]
King, Charles 1844 - 1933
Kinzie, John Harris 1803 - 1865
Klusman, Judith 1956
Knowles, Warren P. 1908
Knowlton, James H. 1813 - 1879
Knox, Randall S. 1949
Kohler Strike
Kohler, Walter Jodok 1875 - 1940
Kostuck, John T. 1892
Krusick, Peggy 1956
La Crosse [brief history]
La Crosse, La Crosse Co.
La Fave, John 1949
La Follette, Philip Fox, 1897-1965
La Follette, Robert Marion Sr. (1855-1925)(Histori
La Follette, Robert Marion Sr. 1855 - 1925
La Follette, Robert Marion, Jr., 1895 - 1953
Laird, Melvin R. 1922 -
Land Grant Scandal
Lathan, Raymond Lee 1915
Lautenschlager, Peggy A. 1955
Lawton, Barbara 1951
Lenroot, Irvine Luther 1869 - 1949
Lewis, Gov. James Taylor (1819-1904)
Lewis, James Otto 1799 - 1858
Lewis, Theodore Gorman 1890 - 1934
Litscher, Leroy "Pete" 1939
Loomis, Orland Steen 1893 - 1942
Loucks, Steven 1961
Lucey, Patrick J. 1918
Ludington, Harrison 1812 - 1891
Lynch, Richard J. 1921
Madison, Dane Co.
Martin, Joseph 1878 - 1946
Mcarthur, Arthur 1815 - 1896
McArthur, Gen. Arthur (1845-1912)
Mccallum, Scott 1950
Mccord, Myron Hawley 1840 - 1908
Mcgovern, Francis Edward 1866 - 1946
Menasha [brief history]
Michilimakinac County
Mitchell, Alexander 1817 - 1887
Monahan, James Gideon 1855 - 1923
Moser, William R. 1927
Munson, Oliver Goldsmith 1856 - 1933
Nash, Philleo 1909
Neenah [brief history]
Neenah [origin of place name]
Nelson Dewey-First Governor of Wisconsin (Historic
Nelson, Gaylord A. 1916-2005
Nieman, Lucius William 1857 - 1935
Nordberg, Bruno Victor 1858 - 1924
Olbrich, Michael Balthasar 1881 - 1929
Old Stockade Site (Historic Marker Erected 1954)
Olson, Jack B. 1920
Olson, Russell A. 1924
Orton, Harlow South 1817 - 1895
Oshkosh [brief history]
Oshkosh, Menominee chief, 1795 - 1858
Outdoor Recreation Act Program (ORAP)
Palmer, Henry L. 1819 - 1909
Paul, George Howard 1826 - 1890
Peck, George Wilbur 1840 - 1916
Philipp, Emanuel Lorenz 1861 - 1925
Pierre Esprit Radisson and Medart Grosellieres (Hi
Plale, Jeffrey T. 1968
Pommerening, Glen E. 1927
Potter Law (1874)
Pound, Thaddeus Coleman 1833 - 1914
primary elections in Wisconsin
Quick, William F. 1909
Quiner, Edwin Bryant (1816-1868)
Racine [brief history]
Radisson, Pierre Esprit 1636 - 1710
Radisson-Groseilliers Fort (Historic Marker Erecte
Randall, Gov. Alexander W. (1819-1872)
Raymond [origin of place name]
Reaume, Charles 1752 - 1821
Reed, Harrison 1813 - 1899
Reynolds, John W. 1921
Rhoades, Kitty 1951
Rigaud de Vaudreuil de Cavagnial, Pierre de, Marqu
Rigaud de Vaudreuil, Philippe de, Marquis de Vaudr
Ripon [origin of place name]
Robinson, Charles D. 1822 - 1886
Rothwell, Angus B. 1905
Rusk County [origin of place name]
Rusk, Gov. Jeremiah M. (1830-1893)
Ryan, Edward George 1810 - 1880
Salomon, Gov. Edward (1828-1909)
Schmedeman, Albert George 1864 - 1946
Schmidt, Gary J. 1947
Schneiders, Lolita 1931
Schreiber, Martin J. 1939
Schurz, Carl (1829-1906)
Schwartz, Jerome T. 1951
Scofield, Edward 1842 - 1925
Seratti, Lorraine M. 1949
Seymour [origin of place name]
Sholes, Charles Clark 1816 - 1867
Sinking of the Lady Elgin (Historic Marker Erected
slavery in Wisconsin
Smith, George Baldwin 1823 - 1879
Smith, William E. 1824 - 1883
Smith, William Rudolph 1787 - 1868
Smith, Winfield 1827 - 1899
Somers, Peter J. 1850 - 1924
Spooner, John Coit 1843 - 1919
Spooner, Wyman 1795 - 1877
St. Clair, Arthur, 1734-1818
Starkweather, John Converse 1830 - 1890
Steinbrink, John P. 1949
Stephenson, Isaac 1829 - 1918
Stevens, Edmond Ray 1869 - 1930
Stewart, Alva 1821 - 1889
Stitt, Donald K. 1944
Stone, Jeff 1961
Stone, Jesse 1836 - 1902
Sturdevant, Lafayette Monroe 1856 - 1923
Tallmadge, Nathaniel Pitcher 1795 - 1864
Taycheedah [origin of place name]
Taylor County [origin of place name]
Taylor, William Robert 1820 - 1909
territorial governor
Thompson, Barbara 1924
Thompson, Tommy G. 1941
Thomson, Vernon W. 1905
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1622-1699
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1750-1783
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1784-1835
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1836-1899
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1900 -1999
Treaty of the Cedars (Historic Marker Erected 1958
Turner, Robert L. 1947
Tweedy, John Hubbard 1814 - 1891
Upham, Don Alonzo Joshua 1809 - 1877
Upham, William Henry 1841 - 1924
Van Gorden, Heron A. "Pink" 1926
Van Sistine, Jerome 1926
Wallber, Emil 1841 - 1923
Washburn County [origin of place name]
Washburn [origin of place name]
Washburn, Gov. Cadwallader Colden (1818-1882)
Watertown [brief history]
Waukesha [brief history]
West, George Arbor 1859 - 1938
Whitehead, John Meek 1852 - 1924
Whiton, Edward Vernon 1805 - 1859
Whittet, Lawrence Clarke 1871 - 1954
Wilcox, Roy Porter 1873 - 1946
Wiley, Alexander 1884
Wimmer, Joseph E. 1934
Wisconsin Territory (Historic Marker Erected 1964)
Wisconsin [origin of place name]
Woodward, Gilbert Motier 1835 - 1914
York, Stanley 1931
Youmans, Theodora Winton, 1863 - 1932
Zeuske, Cathy S. 1958
Zimmerman, Fred R. 1880 - 1954
Zoldoske Case

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