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Dictionary of Wisconsin History

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Term: timeline of Wisconsin history, 1750-1783

Definition:

Adapted and expanded from Schafer, Joseph. "Outline History of Wisconsin." 1925 Wisconsin Blue book (Madison, 1925) . More information about most people and places listed here, including links to original sources, can be found by searching them in this Dictionary.

1750. Marin reestablished a post among the Sioux. He was in partnership with the governor, Marquis de la Jonquiere, to exploit the upper country, and obtained from the Wisconsin fur trade a net profit of 150,000 livres per year.

1752. Joseph Marin relieved his father at the Sioux post. The latter was recalled to serve on the Ohio frontier, where he died in 1753.

1753. Grant of the post of La Baye to Francois Rigaud, brother of the Marquis de Vaudreuil, last governor of New France. Peace was made by Marin and St. Pierre between the Sioux, Cree, and Chippewa, insuring quiet among the Wisconsin tribesmen.

1755. Wisconsin Indians, under Charles de Langlade, participated in Braddock's defeat on the Monongahela (July 9).

1756. Sioux post abandoned by Joseph Marin.

1757. Hubert Couterot was last French commandant at La Baye, and Pierre Joseph Hertel, sieur de Beaubassin, at Chequamegon. Wisconsin Indians took part in the siege and massacre of British troops at Fort William Henry, on Lake George (August 3-9).

1758. A Menominee insurrection resulted in the death of several Frenchmen and the pillage of a storehouse at La Baye. To expiate the crime, seven warriors were sent to Montreal, where three of them were publicly shot.

1759. Wisconsin Indians participated in the defense of Quebec, both at the Falls of Montmorency and on the Plains of Abraham.

1760. Wisconsin Indians went to aid in the defense of Montreal, but retired before its capitulation. News of the surrender being forwarded to Mackinac, the last French commandant, Louis Lienard de Beaujeu-Villemonde, evacuated the fort, retiring with his garrison to the Mississippi. In passing through Wisconsin, en route to Rock River, where he wintered, he probably took with him the garrison at La Baye, leaving that post unoccupied.

1760. Upon the surrender of New France to the British, Wisconsin became English colonial territory, being governed from Mackinac and Quebec. Previous to 1774 Wisconsin was under military authority, but the "Quebec Act" of that year made it a part of the Province of Quebec, and thus it remained until the close of the Revolutionary War, when it was ceded to the United States. The governors of Canada during the time Wisconsin was under British dominion, were: Sir Jeffrey Amherst (commander-in-chief), 1760-63; Gen. Thomas Gage (commander-in-chief), 1763-64; Gen. James Murray (first governor-general), 1764-66; Lt: Col. Aemilius Paulus Irving (president of council), 1766; Sir Guy Carlton (lieutenant-governor and commander-in-chief), 1766-78 Hector Theophilus Cramahe (acting lieutenant-governor while Carlton was in England), 1770-74; Gen. Sir Frederick Haldimand (governor-general), 1778-84.While the Northwest nominally became United States territory by the treaty of 1783, Great Britain still held the military posts on the upper lakes until 1796, among them Mackinac, of which Wisconsin was a dependency. Henry Hamilton (lieutenant-governor of Canada) succeeded Haldimand, 1784-85; Gen. Henry Hope (president of council), 1785-86; Lord Dorchester, formerly Sir Guy Carlton (governor-gen-eral), 1786-96; and John Graves Simcoe (lieutenant-governor of the Upper Province of Canada), 1792-96.

1760-61. Immediately after the evacuation of Montreal a detachment was sent under Maj. Robert Rogers to occupy the Western posts. Detroit was surrendered Nov. 29, 1760, but the attempt to occupy Mackinac was defeated by the ice in the lakes. No further move was made until after Sir William Johnson made treaties at Detroit, in the summer of 1761, with all the Northwestern tribes. Then Capt. Henry Balfour, of the Eightieth British infantry, was dispatched from Detroit to occupy the Western posts. He arrived at Green Bay October 12, and took possession of the old French stockade, renaming it Fort Edward Augustus. He left here in garrison Ensign James Gorrell of the Sixtieth (Royal American) regiment, with a sergeant, corporal, and fifteen privates. Sometime that autumn British traders began to arrive from Albany and followed Wisconsin tribes to their wintering grounds.

1762. Lt. Gorrell made treaties with the Menominee, Winnebago, Ottawa, Sauk, Foxes, and Iowa, and assisted in a treaty between the Chippewa and Menominee. In June, Ensign Thomas Hutchins, afterwards a famous geographer, visited the fort with orders and instructions for Gorrell. Several English traders were scattered throughout the territory, two of whom, Abraham Lansing and his son, of Albany were killed by their French employees near Muscoda, called (probably on that account) English Prairie.

1763. The territories of New France, including Wisconsin, were formally ceded by the French to the British. Gorrell made a treaty with the Sioux. Pontiac's conspiracy led to a confederation of most of the Western Indians formerly allied with the French. They attacked the English posts on the upper Great Lakes, eight of which were captured. Divided counsels existed among Wisconsin Indians, however, and by skillful diplomacy Gorrell maintained himself at the Green Bay post until after the massacre of a large part of the garrison at Mackinac. Then he received orders from his Mackinac superior to evacuate his fort (June 21). The friendly Menominee escorted Gorrell and his party to l'Arbre Croche (on the east shore of Lake Michigan), where were quartered the remnants rof the Mackinac garrison, who were finally ransomed and sent down to Montreal under the protection of Wisconsin Indians. Fort Edward Augustus was never again garrisoned by British troops.

1764. Wisconsin Indians attended a general treaty at Niagara, and received certificates of commendation for their friendly conduct in Pontiac's conspiracy. The Langlade family removed from Mackinac and established themselves in the small French settlement at Green Bay.

1765. Alexander Henry and Jean Baptiste Cadotte founded a fur-trading post on Chequamegon Bay, Which region had been abandoned by whites since 1758.

1766. Jonathan Carver, a colonial officer from Weymouth, Mass., visited Wisconsin. In his published narrative he described the settlement at Green Bay, the old Indian town on Doty's island, the Fox and Wisconsin rivers, the Sauk town near the rapids of the Wisconsin, and the trading post at Prairie du Chien.

1773-75. Peter Pond, a Connecticut fur trader, visited Wisconsin and Minnesota, and wrote a detailed description of the Indian and French inhabitants of this region. He found a French ex-soldier named Pinnashon permanently established at the Fox-Wisconsin portage, transporting boats and cargoes. Pond assisted in escorting Sioux chiefs to Mackinac, where an advantageous peace was concluded with the Ojibwe.

1774. Civil government was established over the Northwest and Canada by the "Quebec Act," under which Wisconsin became a part of the British Province of Quebec.

1776-78. Wisconsin Indians under Charles de Langlade and Charles Gautier de Verville assisted the British during the Revolutionary War, and were concerned with the defense of Canada and the expedition of Burgoyne.

1778-79. De Langlade and Gautier rallied the Indians to the aid of the British Lt.-Gov. Henry Hamilton of Detroit against the Americans. After the latter's capture by the Americans at Vincennes (February 24, 1779), they opposed the projects of Col. George Rogers Clark's enterprising agent, Godefroy Linctot, Indian trader at Prairie du Chien, who detached many Wisconsin Indians from the British alliance. The Indians in the village at Milwaukee largely sided with the Americans. In the autumn, Capt. Samuel Robertson of the British sloop "Felicity" made a voyage of reconnoissance around Lake Michigan, inducing traders and Indians to support the British cause.

1780. An expedition of Canadians and Indians from Wisconsin advanced by way of Prairie du Chien, with a supporting column under de Langlade on the Illinois River, against the Spanish at St. Louis and the Americans in Illinois. They were repulsed and driven back (May 26), after having killed and captured several whites and African Americans. The Americans sent a retaliatory expedition to Rock River, one division of which penetrated southwestern Wisconsin. The British merchants of Mackinac sent a party to secure their furs stored at Prairie du Chien. Those that could not be carried away by them were burned, to prevent their falling into the hands of Americans.

1781. The Spanish organized an attack upon Fort St. Joseph, near the southeast corner of Lake Michigan, in which Milwaukee Indians participated. This is the traditional date of the settlement of Prairie du Chien by Basil Giard, Augustin Ange, and Pierre Antaya, although French traders had long dwelt upon the site seasonally.

1783. The treaty of Paris was concluded by which British territory east of the Mississippi was ceded to the United States. Joseph Calve was sent from Mackinac to notify the Indians along the upper Mississippi of the cessation of hostilities.
 

View related articles at Wisconsin Magazine of History Archives.

[Source: Schafer, Joseph. "Outline History of Wisconsin." 1925 Wisconsin Blue book (Madison, 1925).]

351 records found

tabac (Fr.)
Tabor [origin of place name]
Tabor, Racine Co.
tackle (maritime)
tactics (Civil War)
Tadoussac
Tadych, Albert R. 1932
Taegesville, Marathon Co.
Taft, Town of, Taylor Co.
Taft-Harltey Act
Tafton, Town of, Grant Co.
Tainter Lake, Dunn Co.
Tainter, Andrew 1823 - 1899
Tainter, Jeremiah Burnham 1836 - 1920
Tainter, Town of, Dunn Co.
Taliesin
Tallmadge, Nathaniel Pitcher 1795 - 1864
Talon, Jean, comte d'Orsainville (c.1625-1694)
Talsky, George J. 1899
Tamarack, Trempealeau Co.
Tamarois
Tamms, Erwin G. 1931
tank top (maritime)
Tank, Nils Otto 1800 - 1864
Tanktown [origin of place name]
Tanner, Herbert Battles 1859 - 1933
Tannery Town, Ashland Co.
tanning and leather processing
taps and dies (maritime)
Tarrant, Pepin Co.
tassels (farming)
Tatum, Arthur Lawrie. 1884 - 1955
Taus, Manitowoc Co.
Tavera, Richland Co.
Taways
Taycheedah [origin of place name]
Taycheedah, Fond du Lac Co.
Taycheedah, Town of, Fond du Lac Co.
Taycheedahff [origin of place name]
Taychoperah
Taylor County [origin of place name]
Taylor, David 1818 - 1891
Taylor, Horace Adolphus 1837 - 1910
Taylor, Jackson Co.
Taylor, Lena C. 1966
Taylor, Town of, Sheboygan Co.
Taylor, Town of, Washington Co.
Taylor, Village of, Jackson Co.
Taylor, William Robert 1820 - 1909
Taylors Corners, Dane Co.
Tchidouakouongues
Te Winkle, William P. 1954
Teasdale, Howard (1855 - 1936)
Tecumseh, Shawnee War Chief (c.1768-1813)
Tehan, Robert, 1905-1975.
Tell Sharpshooters (Civil War)
Tell, Buffalo Co.
temperance
temperance movement in Wisconsin
ten-foot (railroads)
Tenney, Horace Addison 1820 - 1906
Tennyson, Grant Co.
Tennyson, Village of, Grant Co.
Teotsa, Rock Co.
termination
terra cotta (architecture)
terrace (farming)
territorial governor
territory
Terry, Earle Melvin 1879 - 1929
Terry, Walter E.
tertiary strata (mining)
Tesmer, Louise M.
Tess Corners, Waukesha Co.
Texas, Town of, Marathon Co.
Thayer, Eugene Butler 1853 - 1931
Thayer, Jesse B. 1845 - 1910
The "Dinky" (Historic Marker Erected 1989)
The Alexander Noble House (Historic Marker Erected
The Bad River (Historic Marker Erected 1957)
The Baraboo Range (Historic Marker Erected 1958)
The Battle of St. Croix Falls (Historic Marker Ere
The Circus (Historic Marker Erected 1970)
The Cobban Bridge (Historic Marker erected 1986)
The Coulee Region (Historic Marker Erected 1975)
The Dells, Town of, Sauk Co.
The Driftless Area (Erected 1983)
The Gideons (Historic Marker Erected 1958)
The Hodag (Historic Marker Erected 1973)
The Home of Colby Cheese (Historic Marker Erected
The Homme Homes (Historic Marker Erected 1973)
The Ice Cream Sundae (Historic Marker Erected 1973
The Iron Brigade (Historic Marker Erected 1992)
The John Mann House (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
The Lower Narrows (Historic Marker Erected 1996)
The McCoy Farmhouse (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
The McGilvray "Seven Bridges Road" (Historic Marke
The Medal of Honor (Historic Marker Erected 1990)
The Merrimac Ferry (Historic Marker Erected 1973)
The Military Road (Historic Marker Erected 1975)
The Name "Wisconsin" (Historic Marker Erected 1994
The Oldest Lutheran Church in Wisconsin (Historic
The Orchards of Door County (Historic Marker Erect
The Outlet Mound (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
The Passenger Pigeon (Historic Marker Erected 1973
The Point of Beginning (Historic Marker Erected 19
The Pursuit West (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
The Raube Road Site (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
The Sand Counties-Aldo Leopold Territory (Historic
The Saukville Trails (Historic Marker Erected 1998
The Smoker, Ho-Chunk chief
The Solomon Juneau House (Historic Marker Erected
The Spark (Historic Marker Erected 1957)
The Superior Entry (Historic Marker Erected 1976)
The U.S. Military at Turtle Village (Historic Mark
The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (Historic Ma
The University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh (Historic Mark
The University of Wisconsin-Superior (Historic Mar
The Upper Mississippi (Historic Marker Erected 198
The Valley View State (Historic Marker Erected 198
The Winnebago Trail (Historic Marker Erected 1978)
The Wisconsin River (Historic Marker Erected 1982)
theaters in Wisconsin
Theno, Daniel U. 1947
Theresa Station, Dodge Co.
Theresa [origin of place name]
Theresa, Dodge Co.
Theresa, Town of, Dodge Co.
Theresa, Village of, Dodge Co.
Thiensville, Ozaukee Co.
Thiensville, Village of, Ozaukee Co.
Third Lake Passage (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
Third Ward fire (Milwaukee, 1892)
Third Ward Fire: 1892 (Historic Marker Erected 199
Third Ward, Calumet Co.
Thirty-Second Division Memorial Highway (Historic
Thirty-Second Division Memorial Highway (Historic
Thiry Daems, Kewaunee Co.
Thomas, Ormsby Brunson 1832 - 1904
Thomas, Town of, Rusk Co.
Thompson, Barbara 1924
Thompson, Carl W. 1914
Thompson, George 1918
Thompson, John C[Ameron] 1872 - 1934
Thompson, Robert M. 1927
Thompson, Tommy G. 1941
Thompson, Washington Co.
Thompsonville [origin of place name]
Thompsonville, Racine Co.
Thomson, Alexander Mcdonald 1822 - 1898
Thomson, Vernon W. 1905
Thornapple Creek
Thornapple, Rusk Co.
Thornapple, Town of, Rusk Co.
Thornton, Shawano Co.
Thorp, Clark Co.
Thorp, Joseph G. 1812 - 1895
Thorp, Town of, Clark Co.
Thorstein Veblen (1857-1929) (Historic Marker Erec
Three Lakes, Oneida Co.
Three Lakes, Town of, Oneida Co.
Three Rivers (Trois-Rivières)
through platform (railroads)
Thunder, Betsy
Thwaites, Reuben Gold 1853 - 1913
Ti-Cho-Rah, Election precinct of, Marquette Co.
Tibbets, Walworth Co.
Tichigan, Racine Co.
Tiffany, Rock Co.
Tiffany, Town of, Dunn Co.
Tigers (Civil War)
Tigerton, Shawano Co.
Tigerton, Village of, Shawano Co.
Tilden, Chippewa Co.
Tilden, Town of, Chippewa Co.
Tilleda, Shawano Co.
timber frame (architecture)
Timberland [origin of place name]
Timberland, Burnett Co.
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1622-1699
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1700-1749
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1750-1783
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1784-1835
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1836-1899
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1900 -1999
Timlin, William Henry 1852 - 1916
Timme, Ernst Gerhardt 1843 - 1923
Timmerman, Lawrence W. 1910
Tioga, Clark Co.
Tionnontate
Tipler, Florence Co.
Tipler, Town of, Florence Co.
Tisch Mills [origin of place name]
Tisch Mills, Manitowoc Co.
Tish-shar-gon Lake, Racine Co.
Titanic (Wisconsin passengers)
Tittemore, James Nelson 1864 - 1949
Titus, William Albert 1868 - 1951
tobacco industry
Tobiasz, Raymond J. 1916
Tobin, Kenosha Co.
toise (Fr.)
Token Creek [origin of place name]
Token Creek, Dane Co.
Tomah (Historic Marker Erected 1959)
Tomah [brief history]
Tomah [origin of place name]
Tomah, Menominee leader, ca. 1752 - 1818
Tomah, Monroe Co.
Tomah, Town of, Monroe Co.
Tomahawk Lake, Town of, Oneida Co.
Tomahawk [origin of place name]
Tomahawk, Lincoln Co.
Tomahawk, Town of, Lincoln Co.
Tonet, Kewaunee Co.
Tony, Rusk Co.
Tony, Village of, Rusk Co.
top-loader (logging)
topmast (maritime)
Topside, Bayfield Co.
Torkelson, Martin W. (1878-1963)(Historic Marker E
tornadoes in Wisconsin
Torun, Portage Co.
Totagatic River [origin of place name]
tourism in Wisconsin
Tow-head (logging)
Tow-team (logging)
Towerville, Crawford Co.
Towns, Debi 1956
Townsend, John F. 1938
Townsend, Oconto Co.
Townsend, Town of, Oconto Co.
township
Tracy, Clarissa Tucker 1818 - 1905
Trade Lake [origin of place name]
Trade Lake, Burnett Co.
Trade Lake, Town of, Burnett Co.
Trade River, Burnett Co.
trade unions in Wisconsin
Tragedy of the Siskiwit (Historic Marker Erected 1
Tragedy of War (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
Trail Discovery (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
trainman (railroads)
Trane, Reuben Nicholas 1886 - 1954
transition rocks (mining)
transom (maritime)
trap, or trapean rocks (mining)
traverse
Travis, David M. 1948
Travois (logging)
Treaty of 1825 (Prairie du Chien)
Treaty of 1827 (Butte des Morts)
Treaty of 1829 (Prairie du Chien)
Treaty of 1832 (Fort Armstrong)
Treaty of 1833 (Chicago)
Treaty of the Cedars (Historic Marker Erected 1958
Tredway Pumas (Civil War)
Tredway Rifles (Civil War)
Trees for Tomorrow
Trego, Town of, Washburn Co.
Trego, Washburn Co.
Tregoning, Joseph E. 1941
Trek Bicycle Corporation
Tremain, Ben 1888
Tremble, Brown Co.
Trempealeau County [origin of place name]
Trempealeau River
Trempealeau, Town of, Buffalo Co.
Trempealeau, Town of, Trempealeau Co.
Trempealeau, Trempealeau Co.
Trempealeau, Village of, Trempealeau Co.
trench (farming)
Trenton, Pierce Co.
Trenton, Town of, Dodge Co.
Trenton, Town of, Pierce Co.
Trenton, Town of, Washington Co.
Treutel, Arthur H. 1897
Trever, Albert Augustus 1874 - 1940
Trevino, Buffalo Co.
Trevor, Kenosha Co.
Trimbelle, Pierce Co.
Trimbelle, Town of, Pierce Co.
Trinke, William F. 1897
Trip-boom (logging)
triple-expansion steam engine (maritime)
Tripoli, Lincoln Co.
Tripp, Town of, Bayfield Co.
Trippville, Vernon Co.
Trois-Rivieres
Troop Encampment (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
Tropman, Peter J. 1944
Trough-roof (logging)
Troupes de la Marine (Compagnies Franches de la Ma
Trow (historical), Clark Co.
Troy Center, Walworth Co.
Troy [origin of place name]
Troy, Town of, Sauk Co.
Troy, Town of, St. Croix Co.
Troy, Town of, Walworth Co.
Troy, Walworth Co.
Truax, Eau Claire Co.
True, Town of, Rusk Co.
Truesdell, Kenosha Co.
Truman, Lafayette Co.
trunk (maritime)
Tuczynski, Phillip James 1947
tug; tugboat (maritime)
Tuleta Hills, Green Lake Co.
Tunbridge, Town of, Jefferson Co.
Tunnel City, Monroe Co.
Tunnelville, Richland Co.
Turba, Wilfrid J. 1928
Turn (logging)
turn of the bilge (maritime)
Turneaure, Frederick Eugene 1866 - 1951
Turner, Andrew Jackson 1832 - 1905
Turner, Frederick Jackson (1861-1932) (Historic Ma
Turner, Frederick Jackson 1861 - 1932
Turner, Robert L. 1947
turntable (railroads)
Turtle Lake [origin of place name]
Turtle Lake, Barron Co.
Turtle Lake, Rock Co.
Turtle Lake, Town of, Barron Co.
Turtle Lake, Village of, Barron Co.
Turtle, Town of, Rock Co.
Turville Point, Madison
Tuscobia [origin of place name]
Tuscobia, Barron Co.
Tustin, Waushara Co.
Tweedy, John Hubbard 1814 - 1891
Twelve Corners, Outagamie Co.
Twelve Mile Bluff [origin of place name]
Twin Bluffs, Richland Co.
Twin Grove, Green Co.
Twin Lakes, Kenosha Co.
Twin Lakes, Village of, Kenosha Co.
Twin Lakes, Waukesha co.
Twin Rivers, Census district of, Manitowoc Co.
Twin Rivers, Manitowoc Co.
Twin Town, Barron Co.
Two Creeks [origin of place name]
Two Creeks, Manitowoc Co.
Two Creeks, Town of, Manitowoc Co.
Two Rivers [brief history]
Two Rivers [origin of place name]
Two Rivers, Manitowoc Co.
Two Rivers, Town of, Manitowoc Co.
Tyler Forks, Iron Co.
typewriter
Tyran, Florence Co.

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