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Dictionary of Wisconsin History

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Search Results for: Keyword: 'Farming'

Term: wheat cultivation

Definition:

Wheat was Wisconsin's first major agricultural crop. Most of the people who immigrated intended to become farmers, especially of wheat because of its low initial planting cost and relative high rate of return. The development of mechanical agricultural implements better suited to prairie conditions allowed wheat production to expand dramatically in the 1850s. Before, with draft animals in short supply and wooden plows that broke easily, farmers could only plant a small number of acres.  Wisconsin was producing the second highest wheat yield in the U.S. by 1860.  Over the next five years, Wisconsin farmers harvested over 100 million bushels, more than two-thirds of which were exported. Wheat production peaked statewide in 1870 but signs of its decline had already been evident as early as the 1850s in some areas of the state. Three factors led to its decline: soil depletion, unsteady prices, and the railroads. Railroad development made eastern markets more accessible at the same time that it opened up more fertile lands west of Wisconsin, in Minnesota and the Dakotas. Wheat acreage declined after the Civil War, most rapidly in the southern, central, and eastern counties where corn, hay, oats, and other feed crops were substituted.  The growth of wheat farming had also created the need for a milling industry which was located primarily in major shipping areas.  The state also developed an agricultural implement industry to meet the needs of wheat farmers and to improve production.

View pictures related to agriculture at Wisconsin Historical Images.


[Source: Wisconsin's Cultural Resource Study Units]

236 records found

1888 Bohemian Schoolhouse (Historic Marker)
Adams County
Adams, Walworth Co.
Albany, Village of, Green Co.
animalcula (farming)
Antigo [brief history]
arable (farming)
aviary (farming)
Babbitt, Clinton 1831 - 1907
Bache, Soren 1814 - 1890
Bakers Corners, Dane Co.
bast (farming)
batten (farming)
bay (farming)
Bay View's Immigrants (Historic Marker Erected 199
Beetown, Grant Co.
bere (farming)
big (farming)
Booth, Sherman Miller 1812 - 1904
Bradley, William Cyrus 1858 - 1924
brindle (farming)
Brown, Edward Dexter 1824 - 1898
Burlington [brief history]
Butte des Morts, Village, Winnebago Co.
Calvert, Walter B. 1904
Carbon, Town of, Washington Co.
Cascade, Village of, Sheboygan Co.
Case, Jerome Increase 1819 - 1891
caseous (farming)
Civil War: home front
Clarence [origin of place name]
Clarence, Town of, Washington Co.
Coburn, Frank Potter 1858 - 1932
colter (farming)
Crandon [brief history]
culm (farming)
curd (farming)
Daniels, Edward 1828 - 1916
Dempsey, Chester E. 1896
Denmark (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
dewlap (farming)
Dodge, Henry 1782 - 1867
Dodgeville, Iowa Co.
Draper, Lyman Copeland 1815 - 1891
drench (farming)
Eagle Diamond
Earnest, James Harrison 1818 - 1900
East Farmington, Polk Co.
East Troy, Village of, Walworth Co.
East Troy, Walworth Co.
Ela, Richard Emerson 1812 - 1888
Ellenboro, Grant Co.
Engelmann, Peter 1823 - 1874
espalier (farming)
Esterly, George 1809 - 1893
Eureka, Winnebago Co.
Evansville [brief history]
Faast, Benjamin F. 1884 - 1948
Fairplay, Election precinct of, Grant Co.
Fairwater, Fond du Lac Co.
Fairwater, Village of, Fond du Lac Co.
fallowing (farming)
farina (farming)
Farmington [origin of place name]
Farmington [origin of place name]
Farmington, Jefferson Co.
Farmington, Town of, Jefferson Co.
Farmington, Town of, La Crosse Co.
Farmington, Town of, Polk Co.
Farmington, Town of, Vilas Co.
Farmington, Town of, Washington Co.
Farmington, Town of, Waupaca Co.
feed crops
Fenenga, Melmon Jacob 1858 - 1933
fetlock (farming)
First State Fair, October 1-2, 1851 (Historic Mark
Fitchburg, Dane Co.
flank (farming)
flitch (farming)
flocculent (farming)
Fond du Lac, Fond du Lac Co.
Fort Howard, Brown Co.
Fountain Prairie, Town of, Columbia Co.
Franklin [brief history]
fur farming
Gagen, Daniel 1835 - 1908
General Allotment Act (1887)
girt (farming)
glume (farming)
gramineou (farming)
Grand Springs, Dane Co.
Gratiot, Henry 1789 - 1836
Grignon, Augustin, 1780-1860.
Grignon, Pierre Sr. 1740 - 1795
hackle (farming)
Hansen, John R. 1917
Hardie, Keith 1910
haulm (farming)
headland (farming)
heathery (farming)
hemp
Hiles, George 1825 - 1896
Hinz, Emil A. 1889
Hitt, Henry D. 1823 - 1907
Hoard, William Dempster 1836 - 1918
hock (farming)
holm (farming)
hopper (farming)
Houser, Walter L. 1855 - 1928
Hudson, St. Croix Co.
Iowa County [origin of place name]
Irish in Wisconsin
Iron Ridge, Dodge Co.
Iron Ridge, Village of, Dodge Co.
Janesville, Rock Co.
Jefferson County [origin of place name]
Jefferson, Jefferson Co.
Jews in Wisconsin
Johnson, Alfred Stanley, jr. 1863 - 1932
Kasten Jr., Robert W. 1942
Kaukauna, Outagamie Co.
Kintz, Milford C. 1903
Krumrey, Henry 1852 - 1922
La Crosse, La Crosse Co.
Ladysmith [brief history]
Lancaster [brief history]
Lapham Peak (Historic Marker Erected 1995)
Larrabee, Charles Hathaway 1820 - 1883
lea (farming)
Lewiston, Columbia Co.
lupulin (farming)
Mapes, David Parshall 1798 - 1890
marl (farming)
mattock (farming)
maw (farming)
Mcgregor, Duncan 1836 - 1921
Mequon [brief history]
milch (farming)
Mineral Point, Iowa Co.
Mireau, George 1888
Monroe, Green Co.
Montfort, Grant Co.
Montfort, Village of, Grant Co.
Monticello, Green Co.
Monticello, Village of, Green Co.
Mount Vernon, Dane Co.
Mukwonago, Village of, Waukesha Co.
Mukwonago, Waukesha Co.
Mulder, Leland E. 1925
mullion (farming)
nanicular (farming)
Nation's First Watershed Project (Historic Marker
Neshkoro, Marquette Co.
Neshkoro, Village of, Marquette Co.
Nevada, Green Co.
Norwegians in Wisconsin
Oak Creek [brief history]
Oconomowoc, Waukesha Co.
osier (farming)
Owen, William E. 1888
Packwaukee, Marquette Co.
pad (farming)
paddock (farming)
Palmyra, Jefferson Co.
Palmyra, Village of, Jefferson Co.
panary (farming)
parterre (farming)
pastern (farming)
Pleasant Ridge African American Community (Histori
pledget (farming)
Plum City: Early History (Historic Marker Erected
Polk County [origin of place name]
pollard (farming)
Port Hope, Town of, Columbia Co.
potatoes
pottery and earthenware industry in Wisconsin
Price, William Thompson 1824 - 1886
probang (farming)
quicklime (farming)
Reaume, Charles 1752 - 1821
Reedsburg, Sauk Co.
Rice, Ora R. 1885
rick (farming)
Rochester, Village of, Racine Co.
Rock River Industry (Historic Marker Erected 1982)
Rocky Run, Columbia Co.
Rusk, Gov. Jeremiah M. (1830-1893)
Sacramento, Town of, Waushara Co.
Sacramento, Waushara Co. [origin of place name]
Sawyer, Philetus 1816 - 1900
Schleisingerville, Washington Co. [origin of place
Schlueter, Fred W. 1895
scion (farming)
scullery (farming)
seton (farming)
shock (farming)
slot (farming)
Smith, Hiram 1817 - 1890
Springer, Thomas J. 1968
St. Germaine, Town of, Vilas Co.
Starkweather, John Converse 1830 - 1890
Stevens Point, Portage Co.
stifle (farming)
Stoughton, Dane Co.
Summerville, Rock Co.
Sussex, Village of, Waukesha Co.
Sussex, Waukesha Co.
sward (farming)
swath (farming)
Sylvester [origin of place name]
tassels (farming)
terrace (farming)
The Valley View State (Historic Marker Erected 198
Thomson, Alexander Mcdonald 1822 - 1898
Tittemore, James Nelson 1864 - 1949
trench (farming)
Utopians in Wisconsin
Utter's Corners, Walworth Co.
Viroqua [brief history]
Waldwick, Iowa Co.
Ward, Col. Lyman M. (1836-1909)
Watertown, Jefferson Co.
wattle (farming)
Waukau, Winnebago Co.
Waupaca [brief history]
wear [weir] (farming)
West Allis [brief history]
wheat cultivation
Wheeler, Leonard Hemenway 1811 - 1872
whey (farming)
White's Prairies [origin of place name]
windlass (farming)
Wisconsin (statistics)
Wisconsin Rapids, Wood Co.
Wisconsin's Dairy Industry (Historic Marker Erecte
withers (farming)

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