Use the smaller-sized text Use the larger-sized text Use the very large text

Dictionary of Wisconsin History

Browse People


By Letter: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Or Search Everything...
Search All Terms:

Search All Fields:


Search Results for: the letter 'B', Term Type: 'People'

Term: Berger, Victor Louis [Luitpold] 1860 - 1929

Definition:

Victor Berger Campaign Poster, ca. 1918 (WHi-1901)

Socialist, newspaperman, Congressman, b. Nieder-Rehbach, Austria-Hungary. He attended private and public schools and universities in Vienna and Budapest. In 1878 he migrated to the U.S., learned English in New York, and about 1881 settled in Milwaukee where he taught German. In the 1880's he became interested in social reform, becoming first a "single tax" advocate and then a socialist. In 1889, with like-minded German socialists, he abandoned the radical, doctrinaire Marxism of Daniel De Leon and the Socialist Labor. party in favor of a more gradual and flexible approach, and determined to work through the existing political structure to obtain socialist ends. In 1893 he became editor of the Wisconsin Vorwaerts, a Milwaukee German-language daily and later weekly, and held this position until about 1904. He was also editor of the English-language Social Democratic Herald (1901-1902). During the 1890's, he cooperated with the Populist movement until alienated by their endorsement of Democrat William Jennings Bryan for president in 1896. Berger was instrumental in influencing Eugene V. Debs to declare for socialism and in 1897 aided him in forming the Social Democracy of America. In 1898 the organization split over the question of utopian or model socialism (the colonization plan) as opposed to political action. Debs had become disillusioned with colonization and, when the political-action group was outvoted, he joined Berger's adherents in forming the Social Democratic party. In 1901 this group combined with the Rochester faction of the Socialist Labor party to form the Socialist party. Except for brief interludes, Berger was a member of the party's executive committee until his death, and was its national chairman (1927-1929). As the leading Socialist in Wisconsin, he shaped the Milwaukee group into a disciplined party organization, and by 1900 had won and consolidated local trade-union support. The party's initial election successes came in 1904, and in 1910 it gained control of Milwaukee city and county government and Berger was the first Socialist representative to be elected to Congress (serving 1911- 1913). In 1912 he was defeated for re-election by a Milwaukee fusion ticket. Meanwhile, Berger had added an English-language daily to the Milwaukee Socialist press, the Milwaukee Leader, and was its editor (1911-1929). With the outbreak of war in Europe, Berger grew increasingly concerned with the problem of U.S. neutrality. When the U.S. declared war (Apr. 6, 1917), he approved the Socialist party's St. Louis platform condemning American action and urged resistance to war. In October the government retaliated by revoking the second- class mailing privileges of the Leader, and in Feb., 1918, Berger and four other Socialists were indicted for conspiracy to violate the Espionage Act. While still under indictment in Nov., 1918, Berger was elected to Congress but was denied his seat by the House. In Jan., 1919, he was convicted on the espionage charge and sentenced to 20 years in prison. Re-elected in a special election held in Dec., 1919, he was again denied his seat. In 1921 the U.S. Supreme court upset his conviction on a technicality and charges were dropped. He was again elected to Congress in 1922, and served from 1923 to 1929. In the House, Berger advocated repeal of the Espionage Act and prohibition, and was interested in foreign affairs and reconstruction. Following his defeat for re-election in 1928, he returned to Milwaukee (1929) with hopes of rebuilding party strength, but was killed in an accident a few months later. A voracious reader and student of socialism, Berger was a lucid and persuasive editorial writer, but a mediocre speaker. Shrewd and capable, he was the spiritual leader of Milwaukee socialism, but was egotistical and domineering. His wife, META SCHLICHTING BERGER, b. Milwaukee, whom Berger married in 1897, shared her husband's interests. She attended Milwaukee normal school, was a member of the Milwaukee school board (1909-1939), and the state board of education (1917-1919). She was a normal school regent (1927-1928) and a university regent (1928-1934). A vigorous champion of woman suffrage, during and after World War I she devoted her interests to keeping the U.S. at peace. She succeeded to her husband's seat on the executive committee of the Socialist party but disagreements over Soviet Russia, united-front activities, and war policy led to a rupture in 1936, and her resignation in 1940. Dict. Amer. Biog.; M. Wachman, Hist. of Social-Democratic Party of Milwaukee (Urbana, 1945); Milwaukee Leader, Aug. 7, 1930; Voice and Pen of V. L. Berger (Milwaukee, 1929); V. L. Berger Papers in Milwaukee Co. Hist. Soc.; Milwaukee Journal, June 17, 1944.

The Wisconsin Historical Society has manuscripts related to this topic. See the catalog description of the Victor L. Berger Papers for details.

View pictures related to socialism at Wisconsin Historical Images.

View related articles at Wisconsin Magazine of History Archives.

View newspaper clippings at Wisconsin Local History and Biography Articles.

[Source: Dictionary of Wisconsin biography]

261 records found

Babbitt, Clinton 1831 - 1907
Babbitt, Marvin E. 1902
Babcock, Joseph Weeks 1850 - 1909
Babcock, Stephen Moulton 1843 - 1931
Bablitch, William A. 1941
Bach, Christopher 1835 - 1927
Bache, Soren 1814 - 1890
Bacon, Edward Payson 1834 - 1916
Bading, Gerhard Adolph 1870 - 1946
Baensch, Emil 1857 - 1939
Baetz, Henry 1830 - 1910
Bailey, Col. Joseph (1826-1867)
Bailey, William Francis 1842 - 1915
Baird, Elizabeth Therese 1810 - 1890
Baird, Henry Samuel 1800 - 1875
Baker, Charles Minton 1804 - 1872
Baker, Joseph 1806 - 1873
Baker, Joseph Stannard 1838 - 1912
Baker, Ray Stannard [David Grayson] 1870 - 1946
Baker, Robert Hall 1839 - 1882
Balatka, Hans 1826 - 1899
Baldus, Alvin 1926
Baldwin, Tammy 1962
Ballou, Daniel W["Ilber","Jr."?] 1824 - 1876
Balow, Larry C. 1943
Bancroft, Levi Horace 1861 - 1948
Banta, George Sr. 1857 - 1935
Banzaf, Henry Leo 1865 - 1951
Baptists in Wisconsin
Barabe, Robert F. 1917
Baraga, Frederic 1797 - 1868
Baran, Felix 1870 - 1942
Barbee, Lloyd A. 1925 - 2003
Barber, George 1805 - 1881
Barber, Joel Allen 1809 - 1881
Barber, Lucius Israel 1806 - 1889
Barca, Peter W. 1955
Barczak, Gary J. 1939
Bardeen, Charles Russell 1871 - 1935
Bardeen, Charles Valdo 1850 - 1903
Bardon, Thomas 1848 - 1923
Barland, Thomas H. 1930
Barlow, Elmer Elbert 1887 - 1948
Barlow, Stephen Steele 1818 - 1900
Barnard, Henry 1811 - 1900
Barnes, John 1859 - 1919
Barnes, Lyman Eddy 1855 - 1904
Barney, Samuel Stebbins 1846 - 1919
Barrett, Thomas M. 1953
Barron, Henry Danforth 1833 - 1882
Barron, Michael J. 1933
Barry, Alfred Constantine 1815 - 1888
Barry, Jonathan B. 1945
Barstow, William Augustus 1813 - 1865
Bartlett, John Knowlton 1816 - 1889
Bartlett, Tommy 1914 - 1998
Barton, Albert Olaus 1870 - 1947
Barwig, Charles 1837 - 1912
Bascom, John 1827 - 1911
Bashford, Coles 1816 - 1878
Bashford, Robert Mckee 1845 - 1911
Baumgart, James R. 1938
Bayfield, Henry Wolsey 1795 - 1885
Beal, Polly W. 1942
Beall, Samuel Wooton[?] 1807 - 1868
Bean, Jacob Linsley 1809 - 1855
Bear, Peter D. 1952
Beauharnais, Charles, Marquis de
Beauharnois de la Boische, Charles de, Marquis de
Beaumont, William, 1785-1853.
Beck, Joseph David 1866 - 1936
Becker, Dismas 1936
Becker, Washington 1847 - 1929
Beggs, John Irvin 1847 - 1925
Behnke, Robert E. 1932
Beier, Augustus Leon 1884 - 1940
Beilfuss, Bruce F. 1915
Belden, Ellsworth Burnett 1866 - 1939
Belgians in Wisconsin
Bell, Jeannette 1941
Bellante, Jr., Joseph F. 1932
Belting, George B. 1914
Beneworth, James 1816 - 187?
Bennett, Elhanen Winchester ("Chet") 1832 - 1909
Bennett, Henry Hamilton 1843 - 1908
Benson, John T. 1937
Benson, Taylor
Berceau, Terese 1950
Berger, David G. 1946
Berger, Meta 1873-1944
Berger, Victor Louis [Luitpold] 1860 - 1929
Bergh, Johan Arndt 1847 - 1927
Berigan, Bunny 1908 - 1942
Berndt, William F. 1956
Bertram, Col. Henry (1825-1878)
Best, Jacob Sr. 1786 - 1861
Best, Phillip 1814 - 1869
Bice, Raymond C. 1896
Bidwell, Everett V.
Bies, Garey 1946
Billinghurst, Charles 1818 - 1865
Bingham, Delbert Elisha 1873 - 1947
Bintliff, Col. James (1824-1901)
Bird, Ada 1859 - 1914
Bird, Augustus A. 1802 - 1870
Bird, Claire Brayton 1868 - 1954
Bird, Harlan Page 1838 - 1912
Birge, Edward Asahel 1851 - 1950
Black Bird, Sauk chief, ca. 1734-?
Black Hawk 1767 - 1838
Black, John 1827 - 1899
Black, Spencer 1950
Blackbird, 18th-c. Ojibwe chief
Blackstock, Thomas M. 1834 - 1913
Blaine, John James 1873 - 1934
Blair, Emma Helen 1851 - 1911
Blake, Thomas E. 1902 - 1994
Blanchard, Alvin 1830 - 1910
Blaska, Jerome L. 1919 - 2000
Blatz, Valentin 1826 - 1894
Bleyer, Willard Grosvenor 1873 - 1935
Bliss, Howard Festes 1844 - 1919
Boardman, Charles Ruggles 1860 - 1950
Boardman, Maj. Frederick A. (1832-1863)
Boche, Robert M. 1921
Bock, Peter E. 1948
Boeckmann, Vernon R. 1927
Boeppler, William 1863 - 1928
Boilvin, Nicolas 1761 - 1827
Bolens, Harry Wilbur 1864 - 1944
Bolle, Dale J. 1923
Bolles, Stephen 1866 - 1941
Bond, Josiah 1819 - 1891
Bong, Richard Ira 1920 - 1945
Booth, Charles Asa 1840 - 1913
Booth, Sherman Miller 1812 - 1904
Borcherdt, Frederick 1811 - 1877
Borden, James Benjamin 1869 - 1939
Borg, George M. (1934 - 1971)
Borup, Charles Williamwulff 1806 - 1859
Bosshard, Otto 1876 - 1943
Bouchard, Charles J. 1911
Bouck, Gabriel 1828 - 1904
Bovay, Alvan E[arl] 1818 - 1903
Bovee, Marvin Henry 1827 - 1888
Bowman, Francis Favill 1872 - 1952
Boyd, Belle, 1844 - 1900
Boyd, Charles Samuel 1871 - 1952
Boyle, Frank 1945
Bracklin, James 1839 - 1900
Braddock, Edward, 1695?-1755.
Bradford, Mary Davison 1856 - 1943
Bradley, Ann Walsh 1950
Bradley, Charles Trueworth 1818 - 1893
Bradley, Gordon R. 1921
Bradley, Lucas 1809 - 1889
Bradley, Lynde 1878 - 1942
Bradley, William Cyrus 1858 - 1924
Bradley, William Henry 1838 - 1902
Bragg, Gen. Edward Stuyvesant (1827-1912)
Brancel, Ben 1950
Brand, Sebastian 1830 - 1908
Brandel, John Christian (1842 - 1919)
Brandel, Mary Margaret (1907 - 1993)
Brandemuehl, David A. 1931
Brandenburg, Oscar Dalzelle 1858 - 1930
Brannon, Melvin Amos 1865 - 1950
Braun, Warren D. 1934
Bravo, Ellen Leslie b. March 25th, 1944
Brayton, Aaron Martin 1872 - 1949
Breck, James Lloyd 1818 - 1876
Breese, Llywelyn 1833 - 1922
Brennan, James J. 1926
Bresette, Walter 1947 - 1999
Breske, Roger M. 1938
Brevoort, Maj. Henry B.
Brickner, George H. 1834 - 1904
Brier, Warren Judson 1850 - 1928
Briggs, Jason W. 1821 - 1899
Brigham, Ebenezer 1789 - 1861
Brigham, Jerome Ripley 1825 - 1897
Brinton, Beulah (nee Tobey) 1836 - 1928
Brisay de Denonville, Jacques-René, Marquis de Den
Brisbois, Michael [Michel] 1760 - 1837
Brist, Steven C. 1954
Britt, Oren E. 1826 - 1901
Brittingham, Thomas Evans 1860 - 1924
Broadfoot, Grover L. 1892
Brockhausen, Frederick Carl Jr. 1858 - 1929
Brodhead, Edward Hallock 1809 - 1890
Broek, Theodore [Theodorus] van den, 1783-1851
Brookes, Samuel Marsden 1816 - 1892
Brookmire, Emma F. 1893 - 1944
Brooks, Peter Anthony 1893 - 1948
Brothertown Indians
Broughton, Charles Elmer 1873 - 1956
Brown [Willis], Olympia 1835 - 1926
Brown, Beriah 1815 - 1900
Brown, Charles E. (Charles Edward), 1872-1946.
Brown, Edward Dexter 1824 - 1898
Brown, Emma, 1827-1889
Brown, James Sproat 1824 - 1878
Brown, John Henryhobart 1831 - 1888
Brown, Manny S. 1917
Brown, Neal 1856 - 1917
Brown, Olympia, 1835-1926
Brown, Ron 1946
Brown, Thurlow Weed 1819 - 1866
Brown, Timothy 1889
Browne, Edward L. 1830 - 1925
Browne, Thomas H. 1920
Brownell, Joseph Daniel 1880 - 1949
Broydrick, William B. 1948
Bruce, William George 1856 - 1949
Bruhy, Bill B. 1916
Brule, Etienne, 1592?-1632
Brumder, George 1839 - 1910
Bruncken, Ernest 1865 - 1933
Brunet, Jean 1791 - 1877
Brunson, Alfred 1793 - 1882
Bryant, Edwin Eustace 1835 - 1903
Bryant, George Edwin 1832 - 1907
Buade de Frontenac et de Pallau, Louis de, Comte d
Bubolz, Gordon A. 1905 - 1990
Buchli, Milton S. 1910
Buck, James Smith 1812 - 1892
Buck, Philo Melvin Jr. 1877 - 1950
Buckley, James P. 1933
Buckner, Walker Sr. 1838 - 1901
Buckstaff, Florence Griswold [Mrs. George A.] 1866
Buckstaff, John Jr. 1823 - 1900
Buell, Charles Edwin 1855 - 1938
Buettner, Carol A. 1948
Buffington, Byron A. 1852 - 1929
Bull, Ole Borneman 1810 - 1880
Bull, Stephen 1822 - 1913
Bultman, Glenn E. 1940
Bunn, Romanzo 1829 - 1909
Bunyan, Paul
Burchard, George Washington 1835 - 1921
Burchard, Samuel Dickinson 1836 - 1901
Burgess, Charles Frederick 1873 - 1945
Burke, Brian B. 1958
Burke, Michael Edmund 1863 - 1918
Burke, Timothy 1886 - 1926
Burleson, Solomon Stevens 1833 - 1897
Burmaster, Elizabeth 1954
Burnett, Thomas Pendleton 1800 - 1846
Burnham, George 1816 - 1889
Burnham, Guy Miles 1860 - 1939
Burnham, Jonathan Levi 1818 - 1891
Burns, Timothy 1820 - 1853
Burrowes, Alexander J. 1853 - 1927
Busby, Allen J. 1900
Bushnell, Allen Ralph 1833 - 1909
Buslett, Ole Amundsen 1855 - 1924
Butler, Henry Sigourney 1854 - 1938
Butler, James Davie 1815 - 1905
Button, Henry Harrison 1818 - 1890
Byers, Mark Rhea 1892 - 1950
Byrnes, John W. 1913

  • Questions about this page? Email us
  • Email this page to a friend
select text size Use the smaller-sized textUse the larger-sized textUse the very large text