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Term: Crawford County

Definition:

one of the first three counties created in 1818 by Michigan territorial governor Lewis Cass; its seat was at Prairie du Chien.

Description from John W. Hunt's 1853 Wisconsin Gazetteer: "CRAWFORD, County, is located at the junction between the Wisconsin and Miississippi rivers, and is bounded on the north by Bad Ax [Vernon], on the east by Richland, on the southeast by Grant, and on the west by the Mississippi, which separates it from the State of Iowa. It was established October 16, 1818, when it embraced all of the territory between the Mississippi and "a line drawn due north from the northern line of the State of Illinois, through the centre of the Portage between the Fox and Wisconsin rivers to the Michilimacinac," and derived its name from Hon. Wm. H. Crawford, formerly Secretary of War, and afterwards Secretary of the Treasury. Its limits have now been so far reduced that it is one of the smallest counties in the State. The seat of jiustice is at Prairie du Chien, one of the oldest settlements in the State, on the Mississippi river, about three miles above the mouth of the Wisconsin, and is one of the most beautiful locations in the west. The surface of the country is broken by a ridge running between the two great rivers. The soil, for the most part, is good, producing wheat, oats, and most other grains, which find a ready home market, in supplying the lumber traders, military posts, and the great tide of emigration which is now turned to this and the neighboring counties of La Crosse and Bad Ax [Vernon]. It is watered by the Kickapoo river and its branches, and small streams emptying into the Mississippi and Wisconsin rivers. Between the Kickapoo river and Richland county, is one of the finest tracts of country in the State. It is well supplied with pure water; and good timber is found along the banks of the small streams, and in groves, scattered at convenient distances, to be useful for the rapidly increasing population. A fine village has been regularly laid out midway between the mouth of the Kickapoo and the Richland county line, on the Wisconsin river, called Boyd'stown. It has a good landing. There is much pine timber in this county, on and near the banks of the Kickapoo, from which large quantities of lumber are manufactured, finding an outlet to a market by said river, and the Wisconsin and Mississippi. Copper has been found in the northern part of the county, in such quantities and appearance as to indicate the near presence of a vast body of that mineral. Near the west bank of the Kickapoo, in town 8, has been found considerable quantities of lead, and there is no doubt that if a geological survey was made, that lead, rivalling in quantity and purity that raised in the counties of Iowa, Grant and Lafayette, would be discovered. ¿The estimated population of Crawford county in 1825, including most of the present State and a portion of Minnesota, was 492. The population in 1830 was 692; 1836, 854.; 1838,1,220; 1840, 1,502; 1842, 1,409; 1846, 1,444; 1847, 1,409; S1850, (including Bad Ax and La Crosse,) 2,399; 1850: within its present limits, 1,407. Farms, 81; manufactories, 14; dwellings, 665. The above will give but little information in regard to the increase of population, as new counties were set off between nearly every taking of the census. The present population of the county is upwards of 3,000."

[Source: Cultural Resource Management in Wisconsin (Madison: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1986)]

233 records found

cabin (maritime)
caboose (railroads)
cache (Fr.)
Cahokia
calcareous rocks (mining)
Calking-iron (logging)
Calks (logging)
calumet
Calumet and Manitowoc Invincibles (Civil War milit
camber (maritime)
Camp Randall
Camp Scott
Camp Utley
Camp-inspector (logging)
Camp-robber (logging)
canals in Wisconsin
canot (Fr.)
cant (railroads)
cant frames (maritime)
Cant-dog (logging)
Canthook (logging)
capital punishment
Capital, Attempted Removal of.
Capitol collapse disaster (1883)
Capitol fire (1904)
capstan (maritime)
Captain (Civil War)
Caron, or Carron
Carriage (Civil War)
carriage and wagon industry in Wisconsin
Carver Grant
caseous (farming)
casse-tete (Fr.)
cassock
castor (Fr.)
Catamaran (logging)
Catarakouy, Fort
cathead (maritime)
Catlin Act
catlinite
cattle, wild
cavalry (Civil War)
cdm links
ceiling (maritime)
cement industry in Wisconsin
Center-jam (logging)
centerboard (maritime)
Central-Verein
centrifuga (maritime)
Ceresco
Chagouamikon
Chagouemig
chain locke (maritime)
chain plate (maritime)
Champion Hill, Battle of
Chancellorsville, Battle of
chandler (maritime)
charivari
Chattanooga, Battle of
cheese
cheese in Wisconsin
cheesehead
cheesemaking in Wisconsin
Chequamegon
Chequamegon Bay
Chickadee (logging)
Chickamauga, Battle of
child of the devil
chord (maritime)
Chore-boy (logging)
Christmas tree ship
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Wis
churning (dairy)
Circus World Museum
Citizens' Guard (Civil War)
Civil Rights Movement in Wisconsin
Civil War, statistics and sources
Civil War, Wisconsin troops
Civil War: 1st Light Artillery
Civil War: 1st Infantry
Civil War: 2nd Infantry
Civil War: 3rd Infantry
Civil War: 4th Infantry
Civil War: 5th Infantry
Civil War: 6th Infantry
Civil War: 7th Infantry
Civil War: 8th Infantry
Civil War: 9th Infantry
Civil War: 10th Infantry
Civil War: 11th Infantry
Civil War: 12th Infantry
Civil War: 13th Infantry
Civil War: 14th Infantry
Civil War: 15th Infantry
Civil War: 16th Infantry
Civil War: 17th Infantry
Civil War: 18th Infantry
Civil War: 19th Infantry
Civil War: 1st Heavy Artillery
Civil War: 1st U.S. Sharpshooters, Co. G
Civil War: 20th Infantry
Civil War: 21st Infantry
Civil War: 22nd Infantry
Civil War: 23rd Infantry
Civil War: 24th Infantry
Civil War: 25th Infantry
Civil War: 26th Infantry
Civil War: 27th Infantry
Civil War: 28th Infantry
Civil War: 29th Infantry
Civil War: 29th Infantry, U.S. Colored Troops, Co
Civil War: 2nd Light Artillery
Civil War: 30th Infantry
Civil War: 31st Infantry
Civil War: 32nd Infantry
Civil War: 33rd Infantry
Civil War: 34th Infantry
Civil War: 35th Infantry
Civil War: 36th Infantry
Civil War: 37th Infantry
Civil War: 38th Infantry
Civil War: 39th Infantry
Civil War: 3rd Light Artillery
Civil War: 40th Infantry
Civil War: 41st Infantry
Civil War: 42nd Infantry
Civil War: 43rd Infantry
Civil War: 44th Infantry
Civil War: 45th Infantry
Civil War: 46th Infantry
Civil War: 47th Infantry
Civil War: 48th Infantry
Civil War: 49th Infantry
Civil War: 4th Light Artillery
Civil War: 50th Infantry
Civil War: 51st Infantry
Civil War: 52nd Infantry
Civil War: 53rd Infantry
Civil War: 5th Light Artillery
Civil War: 6th Light Artillery
Civil War: 7th Light Artillery
Civil War: 8th Light Artillery
Civil War: 9th Light Artillery
Civil War: 10th Light Artillery
Civil War: 11th Light Artillery
Civil War: 12th Light Artillery
Civil War: 13th Light Artillery
Civil War: 1st Cavalry
Civil War: 2nd Cavalry
Civil War: 3rd Cavalry
Civil War: 4th Cavalry
Civil War: African American troops
Civil War: Battle Flags
Civil War: draft riots (1862)
Civil War: home front
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) in Wisconsin
clan
clergy and chaplains (Civil War)
clipper (maritime)
coaming (maritime)
Coat of Arms, Wisconsin's
cobblestone (architecture)
cofering (mining)
Cold War
Colonel (Civil War)
Colonial Revival (architecture)
colonialism
colter (farming)
Columbia Rifles (Civil War)
combination (maritime)
Come-and-get-it (logging)
commercial fruit production
Commercial or Chicago Style (architecture)
commercial vegetable processing
commissioned officer (Civil War)
Company (Civil War)
company (military)
Company man
Company of One Hundred.
Comrade (Civil War)
concrete (architecture)
conductor (railroads)
conglomerate, crag or puddingstone (mining)
conscript (Civil War)
conservation movement
consort (maritime)
Constitution of 1846
Constitution of 1848
contraband (Civil War)
Copperhead (Civil War)
corbeau (Fr.)
Corduroy road (logging)
core (mining)
Corinth, Second Battle of
Corinth, Siege of
Corner-post (survey)
Cornish
Corporal (Civil War)
Corregidor
costeaning (mining)
coulee (Fr.)
counties in Wisconsin
Country Life Movement
coupler (railroads)
coureurs de bois (Fr.)
court martials (Civil War)
Cousin Jack
Coutume de Paris
covered-dish meal (food)
covering board (maritime)
cranberry industry in Wisconsin
cravat
Crawford County
Cream City
Crib (logging)
Crib Disaster (Milwaukee)
Crib logs (logging)
cross (mining)
cross bracing (maritime)
Crown-fire (logging)
Cruise (logging)
crummy (railroads)
crushing (mining)
culm (farming)
curd (farming)
curd separation (dairy)
curlew
Cut (logging)
Cut-away-dam (logging)
cut-over
cutover
cutwater (maritime)
czarnina (food)

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