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Term: Fairchild, Col. Cassius (1829–1868)

Definition:

b. Franklin Mills (now Kent), Ohio, December 16, 1829
d. Milwaukee, Wisconsin, October 24, 1868

Cassius Fairchild was a Wisconsin soldierand political figure best-remembered for his military service during the Civil War.

Businessman

Cassius Fairchild was the brother of Wisconsin Governor Lucius Fairchild. He was born in Ohio in 1829 and came to Madison with his family as a teenager in 1846. He attended Waukesha Academy (Carroll College) and became active in politics. In 1859 Fairchild was chairman of the Wisconsin Democratic Party and he served as a state assemblyman in 1860. From 1859-1861 he also managed the Fairchild family business interests in lumbering and real estate.

Civil War Service

When war broke out, Fairchild was a member of the Governor's Guard, a local militia. He was commissioned major in the 16th Wisconsin Infantry in October, 1861, and promoted that fall to lieutenant colonel. His regiment left for the South on March 18, 1862. Three weeks later, Fairchild was commanding new recruits at the Battle of Shiloh. On the first day of battle, April 6, 1862, he was shot in the thigh and had to leave the field. He spent the next year in Madison undergoing surgery and recovering slowly from the wound.

Fairchild returned to his regiment in May 1863 in time to participate in the Siege of Vicksburg, but his injury limited his role. He took part in the capture of Vicksburg in the summer of 1863 and the subsequent Union advance through the South.

He was made colonel of his regiment on March 17, 1864, and led it through the battles of Kennesaw Mountain and Atlanta, and Sherman's March to the Sea in 1864. He was brevetted a brigadier general on March 13, 1865, and was mustered out six weeks later.

Postwar Years

Fairchild returned home to Wisconsin a broken man. In 1866 he was appointed U.S. Marshal for Wisconsin, headquartered in Milwaukee. He died at age 39, on October 24, 1868, of complications from the wound he had received at Shiloh.

Links to Learn More

History of the 16th Infantry by E. B. Quiner in his book, "Military History of Wisconsin" (Chicago, 1866)

View original documents related to Col. Cassius Fairchild

[Source: Dictionary of Wisconsin Biography (Madison, 1965); Milwaukee Sentinel, Oct. 26, 1868; Wisconsin State Journal, October 24, 1868; Wisconsin Magazine of History 10: E.B.Quiner, The Military History of Wisconsin (Madison, 1866): 632-643.]

98 records found

Faast, Benjamin F. 1884 - 1948
Fairchild, Col. Cassius (18291868)
Fairchild, Gov. Lucius (1831-1896)
Fairchild, Hiram Orlando 1845 - 1925
Fairchild, Jairus Cassius 1801 - 1862
Fairchild, Thomas E. 1912
Falge, Louis 1861 - 1918
Falk, Franz Lorenz 1824 - 1882
Falk, Harold Sands 1883 - 1957
Fallows, Samuel 1835 - 1922
Farley, Chris 1964 - 1997
Farnsworth, William 1796 - 1860
Farrar, Charles Samuel 1826 - 1903
Farrington, Edward Holyoke 1860 - 1934
Farrow, Margaret A. 1934
Farwell, Leonard James 1819 - 1889
Fassett, Norman Carter 1900 - 1954
Father Solanus Casey (1870 - 1957)
Favill, Stephen 1823 - 1906
Faville, John 1847 - 1927
Favre, Brett Lorenzo, 1969 -
Feinberg, Milton
Feingold, Russell D. 1953
Felder, Emma 1927 - 2008
Fenenga, Melmon Jacob 1858 - 1933
Ferber, Edna, 1885-1968
Fergus, Scott C. 1955
Ferrall, R. Michael 1936
Ferry, George Bowman 1851 - 1918
Fiedler, Otho August 1873 - 1948
Fields, Daniel B. 1952
Fifield, Samuel S. 1839 - 1915
Fillmore, John Comfort 1843 - 1898
Finch, Asahel Jr. 1809 - 1883
Fink, Albert 1867 - 1950
Finney, Frederick Norton 1832 - 1916
Finns in Wisconsin
Fire Nation
Fischer, Daniel 1952
Fish, Carl Russell 1876 - 1932
Fish, Irving Andrews 1881 - 1948
Fish, Ody J., 1925 --
Fisk, Theodore 1859 -
Fitch, Charles W. 1819 - 1899
Fitch, Grant 1859 - 1940
Fitzgerald, Jeff 1966
Fitzgerald, Scott L. 1963
Five Nations Confederacy
Flannigan, Allen J. 1909
Flemish Bastard
Flintrop, Richard A. 1945
Flynn, Gerald T. 1910
Flynn, James T. 1944
Fogo, William Montgomery 1841 - 1903
Folle Avoines, Fol Avoine, Folle Avoine
Fontanne, Lynn 1887 - 1983
Ford, Winifred 1876 - 1957
Forsyth, Thomas, 1771-1833.
Fortis, Louis G. 1947
Foster, Carlton 1826 - 1901
Foster, Edward Augustus 1829 - 1902
Foster, Nathaniel Caldwell 1834 - 1923
Foti, Steven M. 1958
Four Legs, Ho-Chunk chief, dates unverified
Fourier, Charles, 1772-1837
Fowler, Chester Almeron 1862 - 1948
Fox Indians
Fox, Albert Charles 1878 - 1934
Fox, Thomas P. 1946
Frackelton, Susan, 1848 - 1932
Frame, Andrew Jay 1844 - 1932
Frank, Glenn 1887 - 1940
Frank, Kurt A. 1945
Frank, Louis Frederick 1857 - 1918
Frank, Michael 1804 - 1894
Frankfurth, William 1829 - 1891
Franks, Jacob 1760 - 1840
Fraser, Thomas 1820 - 1893
Fratney, Frederick 1815 - 1855
Frear, James Archibald 1861 - 1939
Freehoff, William Adolph 1889 - 1950
Freese, Stephen J. 1960
Freethinkers in Wisconsin
French in Wisconsin
Frey, Frank Jacob 1859 - 1937
Frick, William Keller 1850 - 1918
Friedman, Oliver Albert 1893 - 1957
Friend, Jacob Elias 1857 - 1912
Frisby, Leander Franklin 1825 - 1889
Friske, Donald 1961
Fritschel, Herman Lawrence 1869 - 1957
Froehlich, Harold V. 1932
Frost, William Dodge 1867 - 1957
Fry, Rupert F. 1871 - 1935
Fuller, Margaret, 1810-1850
Fuller, Oliver Clyde 1860 - 1942
Fullsavoines
Fusseder, Francis 1825 - 1888

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