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Dictionary of Wisconsin History

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Term: Civil War: 1st Cavalry


The 1st Wisconsin Cavalry was organized at Camp Harvey in†Kenosha†between September 1, 1861,†and February 2, 1862. It mustered in on March 10, 1862, and left for St. Louis, Missouri, on March 17, 1862, where it was stationed at Benton Barracks until April 28. It traveled to Camp Girardeau, Missouri,† on April 28, 1862, where it was attached to a series of Union cavalry brigades that fought in Kentucky, Georgia, Tennessee, and Alabama over the next four years. The regiment fought at the Battle of Chickamauga on September 19-20, 1863, in the Atlanta Campaign the following year, and helped capture Confederate president Jefferson Davis on May 10, 1865. The 1st Cavalry lost a total of 401 men during service. Six officers and 67 enlisted men were killed. Seven officers and 321 enlisted men died from disease.

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[Source: Estabrook, Charles E, ed. Records and sketches of military organizations: population, legislation, election and other statistics relating to Wisconsin in the period of the Civil War. (Madison, 1914?).]
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