Term: Civil War: 23rd Infantry
The 23rd Wisconsin Infantry was organized at Camp Randall in Madison and mustered into service on August 30, 1862. The regiment left Wisconsin for Cincinnati, Ohio, on September 15, 1862. From there it traveled through Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas, and Alabama. It participated in the battles of Port Gibson and Champion Hill, the Siege of Vicksburg, the Red River Campaign, the Western Louisiana Campaign, and the sieges of Spanish Fort and Fort Blakely in Alabama. The regiment concluded the war by occupying Mobile, Alabama, where it mustered out of service on July 4, 1865. The regiment lost 308 men during service. One officer and 40 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded. Five officers and 262 enlisted men died from disease.
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[Source: Estabrook, Charles E, ed. Records and sketches of military organizations: population, legislation, election and other statistics relating to Wisconsin in the period of the Civil War. (Madison, 1914?).