Mohegan is the name of an American Indian nation that originally lived in southeatern Connecticut along Long Island Sound. Their Mohegan language was also spoken by several allied tribes in the region, including the Pequots, Montauks, and Niantics. After they were devastated by warfare and European diseases during the 17th and early 18th centuries, the Pequots, Montauks, Niantics and some other coastal tribes were given refuge at Brothertown, N.Y., by the Oneida; the Mohegan nation remained on its homelands in Connecticut. During the 1820s, the Brothertown Indians, as they had come to be called, relocated to Wisconsin along with many of their Oneida hosts and the neighboring Stockbridge Indians. The Mohegan language that was originally spoken by the tribes who became the Brothertown community is linguistically distinct from the Mohican language that was spoken by the Stockbridge.
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[Source: http://www.brothertownindians.org/ and http://www.native-languages.org/]