Use the smaller-sized text Use the larger-sized text Use the very large text

Dictionary of Wisconsin History

Browse Things

By Letter: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Or Search Everything...
Search All Terms:

Search All Fields:

Search Results for: the letter 'F', Term Type: 'things'

Term: first school in Wisconsin


Before there were any public schools in Wisconsin, groups of parents often hired someone to teach their children several hours a day for several months a year. The earliest known example of that in Wisconsin was in 1791 and is described here

Several mission schools for Indian tribes were established in Wisconsin during the early 19th century. The first appears to have opened in Green Bay in 1822. Mission schools are described here

The earliest known example of a community-supported school was at Kaukauna in 1828, where the community voluntarily pooled funds to support teacher Electa Quinney. It is described here

After Wisconsin became a territory in 1836, lawmakers passed legislation requiring every township with more than 10 families to fund a school. Many local residents simply ignored it, however, and public funding was a controversial issue for the next decade or more. Still, a handful of schools did spring into existence after the law passed. The first appears to have been in Milwaukee, "kept by a Mr. West in the fall of 1836 in a framed school house still standing [in 1869] in the 2nd ward of the city and now [1869] known as no. 371 Third Street." 

Although that school was tax-supported, it was not authorized by the legislature, leading historian Joseph Schaeffer to claim that it could not qualify as the first public school. He argued in 1925 that this claim belonged to Kenosha, which open a state-authorized and tax-supported school  in 1845. His article give details about both the Milwaukee and the Kenosha schools. 

Depending on how one defines "school," the first one could thereore have been in Green Bay in 1791 (parent funded), Green Bay in 1822 (church funded Indian mission school), Kaukauna in 1828 (funded voluntarily by the community), Milwaukee in 1836 (tax-funded but unauthorized), or Kenosha in 1845 (tax-funded and authorized by the legislature).

View more information in "The Origins of Public Education in Wisconsin" by Lloyd Jorgenson, who concluded that, "there were in the Territory when it was organized in 1836, some twelve or fifteen schools with an enrollment of possibly 500 students. In 1849, the first full year under the constitution, there were 32,000 pupils in the public schools. But there is nowhere to be found in any historical account any information as to the number of schools established during the intervening years or as to the manner of their support." 

[Source: Wisconsin Magazine of History and Wisconsin Historical Collections, as linked above.]

117 records found

facing (railroads)
factory system (fur trade)
fall (maritime)
Fallen Timbers, Battle of
Falling Waters, Battle of
fallowing (farming)
Falls of St. Anthony
false front or boomtown (architecture)
fantail (maritime)
Fantus Report
farina (farming)
Farmers' Guards (Civil War)
fastening (maritime)
fattigmanns bakkels (food)
federal (architecture)
Federal Guards (Civil War)
feed crops
feldspar (mining)
Fender-boom (logging)
fermented milk (dairy)
fetch (maritime)
fetlock (farming)
fettle, fettling (railroads)
fieldstone (architecture)
Finagle (Civil War)
firebox (railroads)
fireman (railroads)
fires in Wisconsin
First Capitol
first rate (Civil War)
first school in Wisconsin
First [sic] Workers' Compensation Law (Historic M
Fish (logging)
fish boil (food)
fish fry (food)
fishing industry in Wisconsin
fittings (maritime)
flank (farming)
flatcar (railroads)
flitch (farming)
flocculent (farming)
floods in Wisconsin
flookan (mining)
fluke (maritime)
Flume (logging)
fluted (archaeology)
flying junction (railroads)
folle avoine (Fr.)
following (maritime)
Folsom culture (archaeology)
Fond du Lac Badgers (Civil War)
forage (Civil War)
fore (maritime)
forecastle (maritime)
forest fires in Wisconsin
forest products
Forest Union Rifles (Civil War)
Fort Armstrong
Fort Blue Mounds
Fort Catarokouy
Fort Crawford
Fort Crevecoeur
Fort Dearborn
Fort Duquesne
Fort Edward Augustus
Fort Frontenac
Fort Hamilton
Fort Howard, Brown Co.
Fort Kaministiquia
Fort La Baye
Fort LeSueur
Fort Mackinac
Fort McCoy
Fort Michilimackinac
Fort Orange
Fort Perrot
Fort Piankeshaw
Fort Pitt
Fort Shelby
Fort Snelling
Fort St. Antoine
Fort St. Croix
Fort St. Francois
Fort St. Joseph
Fort St. Louis
Fort St. Nicolas
Fort Wayne
Fort Winnebago
forty (survey)
forward (maritime)
four-foot (railroads)
Four-Wheel Drive Auto Company
Fox and Wisconsin River Improvement Company
Fox River Zouaves; North Wisconsin Tigers (Civil W
Fox Wars (ca. 1710-1740)
frames (maritime)
frametops (maritime)
Frank Holton Company
Fredericksburg, Battle of
Free Soil Party
Freedom from Federal Supervision Act (1953)
Fremont Guards (Civil War)
Fremont Rifles (Civil War)
Frisked (logging)
Frog (logging)
Fugitive Slave Act
fur farming
fur trade companies
furloughs (Civil War)
fusee (Fr.)
Fusée (Fr.)
futtock (maritime)

  • Questions about this page? Email us
  • Email this page to a friend
select text size Use the smaller-sized textUse the larger-sized textUse the very large text