Dictionary of Wisconsin History
Search Results for: Keyword: 'black hawk'
Term: Beloit [brief history]
Beloit is located in southern Wisconsin at the junction of the Rock River and Turtle Creek near the Illinois border in Rock County. Several hundred Ho-Chunk Indians lived in the Beloit area in the early 19th century but abandoned their settlement in 1832 after the Black Hawk War. Private Abraham Lincoln was among the troops led by General Atkinson who camped in Beloit while pursuing Black Hawk.
French trapper Joseph Thiebault came to the area to trade with the Ho-Chunk in the 1820s, the first white man to settle in the area. New Englander Caleb Blodgett purchased Thiebault's land in 1836 and is credited as Beloit's first permanent settler.
The New England Immigrating Company, led by Dr. Horace White, arrived in 1836 and began buying land from Blodgett. Soon friends and family were moving to the area. Churches and schools were planned, mills were running using water from the Rock River, businesses took root in the village, and the cornerstone of Beloit College was laid in 1846.
The origin of the town's name is disputed, but it seems that the name Beloit came from a French word meaning "handsome ground." The spelling was fashioned after Detroit, a city the settlers saw as a symbol of trade and growth.
Beloit's early settlers were comprised of many European nationalities. Its location as a way-station on the Underground Railroad drew many African Americans to the area.
By the 1870s, Beloit had become a center for cigars in Wisconsin with more than 100 cigar makers. In 1904, the Warner Instrument Company began producing devices for World War I and for automobiles. Beloit also claims the invention of the speedometer by Arthur P. Warner (1870-1957).
Beloit's people are well-versed in the arts with The Wright Museum of Art, Logan Museum of Anthropology, and a symphonic orchestra. The city is also home to the Minnesota Twins' minor league baseball team, the Beloit Snappers.
[Source: WHS Library-Archives staff, 2009]
94 records found
Atkinson, Henry, 1782-1842
Bad Axe River, Crawford Co.
Bad Axe, Battle of
Battle of Bad Axe (Historic Marker Erected 1955)
Battle of Wisconsin Heights (Historic Marker Erect
Beloit [brief history]
Black Hawk 1767 - 1838
Black Hawk at Turtle Village (Historic Marker Erec
Black Hawk War (1832)
Black Hawk War (Historic Marker Erected 1968)
Black Hawk War Encampment "Burnt Village" (Histori
Black Hawk War Encampment (Historic Marker Erected
Black Hawk [origin of place name]
Black Hawk, Sauk Co.
Blackhawk Island, Jefferson Co.
Blue Mounds (geology)
Brigham Park (Historic Marker Erected 1955)
Brigham, Ebenezer 1789 - 1861
Caspar Partridge case, 1850-1855
Clark, Satterlee [Jr.?] 1816 - 1881
Clermont, Alexis 1808 - 1898
Crelie, Joseph 1773 - 1866
Davis, Jefferson (in Wisconsin)
Decorah Peak (Historic Marker Erected 1958)
Decorah, One-Eyed, 1772?-1864, Ho-Chunk chief
Dodge's Grove and Fort Union (Historic Marker Erec
Dodge, Henry 1782 - 1867
Dodgeville [brief history]
Dunn [origin of place name]
Dunn, Charles 1799 - 1872
Fennimore [origin of place name]
Forsyth, Thomas, 1771-1833.
Fort Atkinson [brief history]
Fort Atkinson [origin of place name]
Fort Atkinson, Jefferson Co.
Fort Blue Mounds
Fort Defiance (Historic Marker Erected 1995)
Fort Koshkonong (Historic Marker Erected 1966)
Fox Wars (ca. 1710-1740)
Gratiot, Henry 1789 - 1836
Grignon, Charles Augustin, 1808 - 1862
Grignon, Pierre Sr. 1740 - 1795
Hamilton, William Stephen 1797 - 1850
Helena, Iowa Co.
Indian Lake Passage (Historic Marker Erected 1997)
Keokuk, Sauk chief, 1780?-1848.
Lincoln, Abraham (in Wisconsin)
Meeker, Moses 1790 - 1865
Military River Crossing (Historic Marker Erected 1
Monfort [origin of place name]
Neopope, Sauk warrior, dates unverified
Niedecker, Lorine (1903-1970)(Historic Marker Erec
Niedecker, Lorine, 1903-1970
Ocooch Mountains (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
Oshkosh, Menominee chief, 1795 - 1858
Paquette, Pierre 1799? - 1836
Parkinson, Daniel Morgan 1790 - 1868
Pecatonica River, Green Co. [origin of place name]
Pheasant Branch Encampment (Historic Marker Erecte
Pope-Roberts, Sondy 1950
Potosi [origin of place name]
Presidential Visits to Madison
Prophet, The (Winnebago)
Robson, Judith Biros
Rountree, John Hawkins 1805 - 1890
Route of Abraham Lincoln, 1832 and 1859 (Historic
Sauk and Fox Treaty of 1804 (St. Louis)
Schooff, Dan 1971
Soldiers Grove Origins (Historic Marker Erected 19
Souligny, Menominee leader, 1785-1864
Spotted Arm (Broken Arm), Ho-Chunk chief
Stambaugh, Samuel C.
Storrs Lake, Milton (Historic Marker Erected 1976)
Street, Joseph Montfort 1780 - 1840
The Pursuit West (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
The Smoker, Ho-Chunk chief
The U.S. Military at Turtle Village (Historic Mark
Third Lake Passage (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1784-1835
Tragedy of War (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
Trail Discovery (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
Treaty of 1832 (Fort Armstrong)
Troop Encampment (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
Victory, Vernon Co.
Western Escape (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
White Crow, Ho-Chunk chief
Whittlesey, Charles 1808 - 1886
Winnebago Indians (Historic Marker Erected 1973)
Yankees in Wisconsin