Term: De Pere [brief history]
De Pere, a suburb of Green Bay, is located in Brown County. In 1671, Jesuit missionary Father Claude-Jean Allouez (1622-1689) set up a mission, Rapides Des Pères (Rapids of the Fathers), five miles west of Green Bay on the bank of the Fox River to convert members of the Ho-Chunk and Potawatomi tribes. French fur traders controlled the region until they were defeated by the British in 1763, and later the British by the Americans in 1783.
The Oneida Indians came to De Pere from New York in 1821 but were forced west by white settlement by 1827. The area later became a center of Danish settlement.
By 1850, dams on the Fox River powered three sawmills, two lathe mills, and one flour mill. Residents grew wheat, corn, oats, barley, potatoes, and rye in the surrounding agricultural fields. The forests of ash, hickory, white pine, elm, oak, and maple in the area were processed into lumber and paper. Railroads and Lake Michigan steamers exported these products.
St. Norbert’s College opened in 1898 to train young priests, but is today a Catholic liberal arts college. The Green Bay Packers use the school fields during their training camp.
[Source: WHS Library-Archives staff, 2009]