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Dictionary of Wisconsin History

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Term: Chancellorsville, Battle of

Definition:

Date(s): April 30-May 6, 1863
Location: Chancellorsville, Virginia (Google Map)
Other name(s): none
Campaign: Chancellorsville Campaign (April-May 1863)
Outcome: Confederate victory

Summary

The Confederate victory at Chancellorsville opened the door for invading the North a month later.

The Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia, spanned the first week of May 1863. It involved more than 160,000 soldiers, 30,000 of whom were killed or wounded. It occurred about halfway between Washington, D.C., and Richmond, Virginia. Although Union forces outnumbered Confederates almost 2-to-1, their leadership was bumbling and timid. Confederate generals, in contrast, showed both daring and creativity and drove Union forces from the field by the end of the week.

It was a costly victory for the Confederates. They lost more than 22 percent of their soldiers. Among the casualties was one of their most brilliant generals, Stonewall Jackson, who died after being accidentally shot in the dark by his own troops.

Wisconsin’s Role

Wisconsin's 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 6th, 7th and 26th Wisconsin Infantry regiments and Berdan's Sharpshooters were engaged in some of the fiercest fighting. The 26th Wisconsin Infantry, composed almost entirely of German immigrants, had 149 men either killed or wounded.

Learn more

Read about the Battle of Chancellorsville on pages 350-363 in William D. Love’s “Wisconsin in the War of the Rebellion” (Chicago, 1866).

Read more about the 3rd Wisconsin Infantry and the 26th Wisconsin Infantry regiments at Chancellorsville in E.B. Quiner’s “Military History of Wisconsin” (Madison, 1866).

View battle maps

View original documents

[Source: Report on the Nation’s Civil War Battlefields (Washington, 1993); Estabrook, C. Records and Sketches of Military Organizations (Madison, 1914); Love, W. Wisconsin in the War of the Rebellion (Madison, 1866).]

233 records found

cabin (maritime)
caboose (railroads)
cache (Fr.)
Cahokia
calcareous rocks (mining)
Calking-iron (logging)
Calks (logging)
calumet
Calumet and Manitowoc Invincibles (Civil War milit
camber (maritime)
Camp Randall
Camp Scott
Camp Utley
Camp-inspector (logging)
Camp-robber (logging)
canals in Wisconsin
canot (Fr.)
cant (railroads)
cant frames (maritime)
Cant-dog (logging)
Canthook (logging)
capital punishment
Capital, Attempted Removal of.
Capitol collapse disaster (1883)
Capitol fire (1904)
capstan (maritime)
Captain (Civil War)
Caron, or Carron
Carriage (Civil War)
carriage and wagon industry in Wisconsin
Carver Grant
caseous (farming)
casse-tete (Fr.)
cassock
castor (Fr.)
Catamaran (logging)
Catarakouy, Fort
cathead (maritime)
Catlin Act
catlinite
cattle, wild
cavalry (Civil War)
cdm links
ceiling (maritime)
cement industry in Wisconsin
Center-jam (logging)
centerboard (maritime)
Central-Verein
centrifuga (maritime)
Ceresco
Chagouamikon
Chagouemig
chain locke (maritime)
chain plate (maritime)
Champion Hill, Battle of
Chancellorsville, Battle of
chandler (maritime)
charivari
Chattanooga, Battle of
cheese
cheese in Wisconsin
cheesehead
cheesemaking in Wisconsin
Chequamegon
Chequamegon Bay
Chickadee (logging)
Chickamauga, Battle of
child of the devil
chord (maritime)
Chore-boy (logging)
Christmas tree ship
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Wis
churning (dairy)
Circus World Museum
Citizens' Guard (Civil War)
Civil Rights Movement in Wisconsin
Civil War, statistics and sources
Civil War, Wisconsin troops
Civil War: 1st Light Artillery
Civil War: 1st Infantry
Civil War: 2nd Infantry
Civil War: 3rd Infantry
Civil War: 4th Infantry
Civil War: 5th Infantry
Civil War: 6th Infantry
Civil War: 7th Infantry
Civil War: 8th Infantry
Civil War: 9th Infantry
Civil War: 10th Infantry
Civil War: 11th Infantry
Civil War: 12th Infantry
Civil War: 13th Infantry
Civil War: 14th Infantry
Civil War: 15th Infantry
Civil War: 16th Infantry
Civil War: 17th Infantry
Civil War: 18th Infantry
Civil War: 19th Infantry
Civil War: 1st Heavy Artillery
Civil War: 1st U.S. Sharpshooters, Co. G
Civil War: 20th Infantry
Civil War: 21st Infantry
Civil War: 22nd Infantry
Civil War: 23rd Infantry
Civil War: 24th Infantry
Civil War: 25th Infantry
Civil War: 26th Infantry
Civil War: 27th Infantry
Civil War: 28th Infantry
Civil War: 29th Infantry
Civil War: 29th Infantry, U.S. Colored Troops, Co
Civil War: 2nd Light Artillery
Civil War: 30th Infantry
Civil War: 31st Infantry
Civil War: 32nd Infantry
Civil War: 33rd Infantry
Civil War: 34th Infantry
Civil War: 35th Infantry
Civil War: 36th Infantry
Civil War: 37th Infantry
Civil War: 38th Infantry
Civil War: 39th Infantry
Civil War: 3rd Light Artillery
Civil War: 40th Infantry
Civil War: 41st Infantry
Civil War: 42nd Infantry
Civil War: 43rd Infantry
Civil War: 44th Infantry
Civil War: 45th Infantry
Civil War: 46th Infantry
Civil War: 47th Infantry
Civil War: 48th Infantry
Civil War: 49th Infantry
Civil War: 4th Light Artillery
Civil War: 50th Infantry
Civil War: 51st Infantry
Civil War: 52nd Infantry
Civil War: 53rd Infantry
Civil War: 5th Light Artillery
Civil War: 6th Light Artillery
Civil War: 7th Light Artillery
Civil War: 8th Light Artillery
Civil War: 9th Light Artillery
Civil War: 10th Light Artillery
Civil War: 11th Light Artillery
Civil War: 12th Light Artillery
Civil War: 13th Light Artillery
Civil War: 1st Cavalry
Civil War: 2nd Cavalry
Civil War: 3rd Cavalry
Civil War: 4th Cavalry
Civil War: African American troops
Civil War: Battle Flags
Civil War: draft riots (1862)
Civil War: home front
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) in Wisconsin
clan
clergy and chaplains (Civil War)
clipper (maritime)
coaming (maritime)
Coat of Arms, Wisconsin's
cobblestone (architecture)
cofering (mining)
Cold War
Colonel (Civil War)
Colonial Revival (architecture)
colonialism
colter (farming)
Columbia Rifles (Civil War)
combination (maritime)
Come-and-get-it (logging)
commercial fruit production
Commercial or Chicago Style (architecture)
commercial vegetable processing
commissioned officer (Civil War)
Company (Civil War)
company (military)
Company man
Company of One Hundred.
Comrade (Civil War)
concrete (architecture)
conductor (railroads)
conglomerate, crag or puddingstone (mining)
conscript (Civil War)
conservation movement
consort (maritime)
Constitution of 1846
Constitution of 1848
contraband (Civil War)
Copperhead (Civil War)
corbeau (Fr.)
Corduroy road (logging)
core (mining)
Corinth, Second Battle of
Corinth, Siege of
Corner-post (survey)
Cornish
Corporal (Civil War)
Corregidor
costeaning (mining)
coulee (Fr.)
counties in Wisconsin
Country Life Movement
coupler (railroads)
coureurs de bois (Fr.)
court martials (Civil War)
Cousin Jack
Coutume de Paris
covered-dish meal (food)
covering board (maritime)
cranberry industry in Wisconsin
cravat
Crawford County
Cream City
Crib (logging)
Crib Disaster (Milwaukee)
Crib logs (logging)
cross (mining)
cross bracing (maritime)
Crown-fire (logging)
Cruise (logging)
crummy (railroads)
crushing (mining)
culm (farming)
curd (farming)
curd separation (dairy)
curlew
Cut (logging)
Cut-away-dam (logging)
cut-over
cutover
cutwater (maritime)
czarnina (food)

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