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Dictionary of Wisconsin History

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Term: Chickamauga, Battle of

Definition:

Date(s): September 18-20, 1863
Location: Chickamauga, Georgia (Google Map)
Other name(s): none
Campaign: Chickamauga Campaign (August-September 1863)
Outcome: Confederate victory

Summary

The defeat at Chickamauga, Georgia, in the fall of 1863 left Union troops pinned inside Chattanooga, Tennessee, and temporarily halted the Union advance into the heart of the Confederacy.

In early August 1863, Union forces were ordered to advance into the upper Tennessee River Valley and take Chattanooga, Tennessee. After capturing it in early September, Union generals pushed further south. They encountered their enemy 10 miles outside the city, across the state line in Georgia. For three days, 58,000 Union troops faced off against 66,000 Confederates in the war’s second-bloodiest battle (after the Battle of Gettysburg).

The opposing lines were six miles long. Much of the fighting occurred in woods so thick that at times neither side knew the precise location of the other. Sometimes commanders could not find their own troops. Strategic maneuvers were difficult and surprise encounters were common. Over the course of three days, Union generals’ misinformation combined with bad judgment enabled the Confederates to push them back into Chattanooga.

Wisconsin’s Role

The 1st, 10th, 15th, 21st, and 24th Wisconsin Infantry regiments along with the 1st Wisconsin Cavalry, and the 3rd, 5th, and 8th Wisconsin Light Artillery batteries were engaged in some of the fiercest fighting.

The chaplain of the 1st Wisconsin Infantry reported that 80 percent of its men were killed, wounded, or taken prisoner. The 15th Wisconsin Infantry, composed almost entirely of Norwegian immigrants, was led on the field by Colonel Hans C. Heg, who was killed in action. The 21st Wisconsin Infantry found itself surrounded. Lieutenant Colonel Harrison C. Hobart was among those captured and sent to Libby Prison. He led more than 100 prisoners in a daring tunnel escape the following February.

Learn more

The experiences of Wisconsin troops are summarized on pages 677-690 in William D. Love’s “Wisconsin in the War of the Rebellion” (Chicago, 1866).

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View original documents

[Source: Report on the Nation’s Civil War Battlefields (Washington, 1993); Estabrook, C. Records and Sketches of Military Organizations (Madison, 1914); Love, W. Wisconsin in the War of the Rebellion (Madison, 1866).]

233 records found

cabin (maritime)
caboose (railroads)
cache (Fr.)
Cahokia
calcareous rocks (mining)
Calking-iron (logging)
Calks (logging)
calumet
Calumet and Manitowoc Invincibles (Civil War milit
camber (maritime)
Camp Randall
Camp Scott
Camp Utley
Camp-inspector (logging)
Camp-robber (logging)
canals in Wisconsin
canot (Fr.)
cant (railroads)
cant frames (maritime)
Cant-dog (logging)
Canthook (logging)
capital punishment
Capital, Attempted Removal of.
Capitol collapse disaster (1883)
Capitol fire (1904)
capstan (maritime)
Captain (Civil War)
Caron, or Carron
Carriage (Civil War)
carriage and wagon industry in Wisconsin
Carver Grant
caseous (farming)
casse-tete (Fr.)
cassock
castor (Fr.)
Catamaran (logging)
Catarakouy, Fort
cathead (maritime)
Catlin Act
catlinite
cattle, wild
cavalry (Civil War)
cdm links
ceiling (maritime)
cement industry in Wisconsin
Center-jam (logging)
centerboard (maritime)
Central-Verein
centrifuga (maritime)
Ceresco
Chagouamikon
Chagouemig
chain locke (maritime)
chain plate (maritime)
Champion Hill, Battle of
Chancellorsville, Battle of
chandler (maritime)
charivari
Chattanooga, Battle of
cheese
cheese in Wisconsin
cheesehead
cheesemaking in Wisconsin
Chequamegon
Chequamegon Bay
Chickadee (logging)
Chickamauga, Battle of
child of the devil
chord (maritime)
Chore-boy (logging)
Christmas tree ship
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Wis
churning (dairy)
Circus World Museum
Citizens' Guard (Civil War)
Civil Rights Movement in Wisconsin
Civil War, statistics and sources
Civil War, Wisconsin troops
Civil War: 1st Light Artillery
Civil War: 1st Infantry
Civil War: 2nd Infantry
Civil War: 3rd Infantry
Civil War: 4th Infantry
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Civil War: 9th Infantry
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Civil War: 11th Infantry
Civil War: 12th Infantry
Civil War: 13th Infantry
Civil War: 14th Infantry
Civil War: 15th Infantry
Civil War: 16th Infantry
Civil War: 17th Infantry
Civil War: 18th Infantry
Civil War: 19th Infantry
Civil War: 1st Heavy Artillery
Civil War: 1st U.S. Sharpshooters, Co. G
Civil War: 20th Infantry
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Civil War: 29th Infantry, U.S. Colored Troops, Co
Civil War: 2nd Light Artillery
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Civil War: 36th Infantry
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Civil War: 3rd Light Artillery
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Civil War: 4th Light Artillery
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Civil War: 53rd Infantry
Civil War: 5th Light Artillery
Civil War: 6th Light Artillery
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Civil War: 3rd Cavalry
Civil War: 4th Cavalry
Civil War: African American troops
Civil War: Battle Flags
Civil War: draft riots (1862)
Civil War: home front
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) in Wisconsin
clan
clergy and chaplains (Civil War)
clipper (maritime)
coaming (maritime)
Coat of Arms, Wisconsin's
cobblestone (architecture)
cofering (mining)
Cold War
Colonel (Civil War)
Colonial Revival (architecture)
colonialism
colter (farming)
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combination (maritime)
Come-and-get-it (logging)
commercial fruit production
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commercial vegetable processing
commissioned officer (Civil War)
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company (military)
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concrete (architecture)
conductor (railroads)
conglomerate, crag or puddingstone (mining)
conscript (Civil War)
conservation movement
consort (maritime)
Constitution of 1846
Constitution of 1848
contraband (Civil War)
Copperhead (Civil War)
corbeau (Fr.)
Corduroy road (logging)
core (mining)
Corinth, Second Battle of
Corinth, Siege of
Corner-post (survey)
Cornish
Corporal (Civil War)
Corregidor
costeaning (mining)
coulee (Fr.)
counties in Wisconsin
Country Life Movement
coupler (railroads)
coureurs de bois (Fr.)
court martials (Civil War)
Cousin Jack
Coutume de Paris
covered-dish meal (food)
covering board (maritime)
cranberry industry in Wisconsin
cravat
Crawford County
Cream City
Crib (logging)
Crib Disaster (Milwaukee)
Crib logs (logging)
cross (mining)
cross bracing (maritime)
Crown-fire (logging)
Cruise (logging)
crummy (railroads)
crushing (mining)
culm (farming)
curd (farming)
curd separation (dairy)
curlew
Cut (logging)
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cut-over
cutover
cutwater (maritime)
czarnina (food)

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