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Search Results for: Keyword: 'missionary'

Term: Missionary Ridge, Battle of

Definition:

Date(s): November 25, 1863
Location: Chattanooga, Tennessee (Google Map)
Other name(s): part of the Battle of Chattanooga
Campaign: Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign (November 1863)
Outcome: Union victory

Summary

Missionary Ridge was one of several engagements that broke the Confederate siege of Chattanooga, Tennessee. It is best-known for the Union soldiers’ spontaneous charge uphill into Confederate fire to capture a seemingly impregnable position.

At the end of September 1863, Union forces were besieged inside Chattanooga, Tennessee. Reinforcements arrived in November, and on November 23-24 they captured strategic heights called Orchard Knob and Lookout Mountain. On the afternoon of November 25, 23,000 Union soldiers prepared to attack the seemingly invincible Confederate position atop Missionary Ridge.

Union troops were ordered to stop at the foot of the ridge and dig rifle pits. Once under fire from the enemy, however, they spontaneously charged up the slope and overwhelmed Confederate forces. The siege was broken, and Chattanooga became the Union’s logistical base for attacking Atlanta in the spring of 1864.

Wisconsin’s Role

Fourteen Wisconsin units -- seven Wisconsin Infantry regiments and seven Light Artillery batteries -- participated in breaking the siege at Chattanooga. The 15th and 24th Wisconsin Infantry regiments were among the forces that charged up Missionary Ridge, broke through the Confederate ranks, and seized the strategic location.

Among the men charging up the slope that day was 18-year-old Arthur MacArthur, adjutant of the 24th Wisconsin Infantry. When the regiment’s color-bearer was shot, he picked up the regimental flag. He carried it the rest of the way up the slope and planted it on the crest. For his performance in this battle, McArthur was awarded a Medal of Honor, promoted from first lieutenant to major, and given command of the regiment. He was the father of the famous World War II leader, General Douglas MacArthur.

Learn more

Read more about the battle on pages 693-697 in William D. Love’s “Wisconsin in the War of the Rebellion” (Chicago, 1866).

Battle Map

View related images

View original documents

[Source: Report on the Nation’s Civil War Battlefields (Washington, 1993); Estabrook, C. Records and Sketches of Military Organizations (Madison, 1914); Love, W. Wisconsin in the War of the Rebellion (Madison, 1866).]

87 records found

Adams, William 1813 - 1897
Allouez, Claude Jean 1622 - 1689
Baptists in Wisconsin
Baraga, Frederic 1797 - 1868
Bonduel [origin of place name]
Breck, James Lloyd 1818 - 1876
Briggs, Jason W. 1821 - 1899
Broek, Theodore [Theodorus] van den, 1783-1851
Buck, Philo Melvin Jr. 1877 - 1950
Burleson, Solomon Stevens 1833 - 1897
Cadle, Richard Fish 1796 - 1857
Carheil, Fr, Étienne de, 1633-1726
Carter, Homer Wright 1847 - 1933
Catholics in Wisconsin
Chapin, Aaron Lucius 1817 - 1892
Charlevoix, Fr., Pierre François Xavier de, 1682-1
Chattanooga, Battle of
Civil War: 15th Infantry
Civil War: 21st Infantry
Clark, John 1797 - 1854
Clary, Dexter 1798 - 1874
Colman, Henry Root 1800 - 1895
Dablon (D'Ablon), Fr. Claude, 1619-1697.
Davidson, John Nelson 1848 - 1945
De Pere [brief history]
Derenthal, Oderic Ignaz 1856 - 1934
Dicke, Peter Henry 1822 - 1911
Disciples of Christ in Wisconsin
Eaton, Edward Dwight 1851 - 1942
Eaton, Samuel Witt 1820 - 1905
Ellis, Albert Gallatin 1800 - 1885
Episcopals in Wisconsin
Father Caspar Rehrl (Historic Marker Erected 1991)
Father Samuel Mazzuchelli (Historic Marker Erected
Fraser, Thomas 1820 - 1893
Garth, Schuyler Edward 1898 - 1947
Gordon, Philip 1886 - 1948
Hall, Sherman 1800 - 1879
Hauser, Jacob 1845 - 1931
Indian schools in Wisconsin
Iverson, Andreas Michael 1823 - 1907
Jogues, Fr. Isaac, 1607-1646
Kelly, Patrick 1792 - 1858
Kemper, Jackson 1789 - 1870
Kewaunee [brief history]
Lalemant, Fr. Jérôme (Hierosme), 1593-1673
Le Jeune, Fr. Paul, 1591-1664
Le Mercier, Fr., 1604-1690
Lochner, John Frederick Carl 1822 - 1902
Lummpkin, Hope Henry 1882 - 1932
Lutherans in Wisconsin
Madeline Island (Historic Marker Erected 1961)
Marcellon [origin of place name]
Marquette (Historic Marker Erected 1957)
Marquette, Jacques 1637 - 1675
Marsh, Cutting 1800 - 1873
Mazzuchelli, Samuel Charles 1806 - 1864
McArthur, Gen. Arthur (1845-1912)
Menard, Fr. Rene, 1605-1661
Metoxen, John 1770 - 1858
Miller, Marjorie "Midge" 1922
Miller, Wesson Gage 1822 - 1893
missionary
Missionary Ridge, Battle of
Moravians in Wisconsin
Mueller, John Gottlieb 1813 - 1893
Northwest Portal of Wisconsin (Historic Marker Ere
Ordway, Moses 1788 - 1870
Pere Marque'ite and Sieur Jolliet (Historic Marker
Ragueneau, Fr. Paul, 1608-1680
Rankin, Walter Laurie 1841 - 1910
Schinner, Augustine Francis 1863 - 1937
St. Cosme, Fr. Jean François Buisson de, dates unv
Stevens Point [origin of place name]
Stucki, Jacob 1857 - 1930
Tank, Nils Otto 1800 - 1864
Tanktown [origin of place name]
The Bad River (Historic Marker Erected 1957)
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1622-1699
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1784-1835
Verwyst, Chrysostom Adrian 1841 - 1925
Vimont, Fr. Barthélemy, 1594-1667
Walworth, John 1804 - 1895
Wheeler, Leonard Hemenway 1811 - 1872
Williams, Eleazer 1788 - 1858
Winnebago Indian School, Neillsville, Wis.
Wisconsin River Headwaters (Historic Marker Erecte

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