Term: Major (Civil War)
Definition: A field officer in a regiment, third in command after the colonel and lieutenant colonel. Each regiment had one major. Regiments had a minimum of 830 men and a maximum of 1,010 men, and were made of 10 companies.
[Source: http://ncmuseumofhistory.org/workshops/cw/orgrank.htm, North Carolina Museum of History. Stories from the Civil War: Civil War Army Organization and Rank;
Estabrook, Charles. Records and Sketches of Military Organizations (Madison, 1914)]