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Term: Kempster, Walter 1841 - 1918

Definition: physician, pioneer in the study of mental disease, author, b. London, England. He migrated with his parents to the U.S. in 1849, settling in Syracuse, N.Y. During the Civil War he served in the 12th New York Infantry (1861), and in the 10th New York Cavalry (1861-1863), rising to the rank of 1st lieutenant. He graduated from Long Island College Hospital (M.D., 1864), and again served in the army (1864-1865). In 1866 he was appointed assistant superintendent of the State Asylum for the Feeble Minded at Syracuse, N.Y., and from 1867 to 1873 was assistant physician at the State Lunatic Asylum in Utica, N.Y. There, in collaboration with Superintendent John P. Gray, he developed a method for making systematic microscopic examinations of the brain tissue of the insane. Kempster was the first physician in the U.S. to photograph such tissue through a microscope. In 1873 he came to Wisconsin as superintendent of the Northern Hospital for the Insane at Oshkosh, serving in this capacity until 1884. At Oshkosh he continued his research on brain tissue and also studied the effects of various drugs on the insane. In 1884 he moved to Milwaukee, where he made his home until his death. In 1891 he was a member of a congressional commission appointed to investigate emigration conditions in Europe, and in 1892 served on a similar commission to investigate the cause of epidemic conditions in the Near East. Kempster was Milwaukee health commissioner (1894-1898) and in this capacity helped overcome popular opposition to the enforcement of smallpox regulations. He was nationally known as an expert on mental disorders, and was frequently called as an expert witness in civil and criminal law proceedings; he was a witness for the prosecution in the trial of Charles J. Guiteau, the assassin of President James A. Garfield. During much of his time in Milwaukee Kempster was professor of mental diseases at the Wisconsin College of Physicians and Surgeons. He was the author of several books on the Civil War, as well as numerous books and articles on mental disease. Dict. Amer. Biog.; Who's Who in Amer., 10 (1918); J. A. Watrous, Memoirs of Milwaukee Co. (2 vols., Madison, 1909); L. F. Frank, Med. Hist. of Milwaukee (Milwaukee [1915]); Milwaukee Journal, Aug. 22, 1918.

[Source: Dictionary of Wisconsin biography]

123 records found

Kabler, Beatrice Ann Parks. 1928-
Kaczmarek, Jane
Kading, Charles August 1874 - 1956
Kafka, Lawrence J. 1898
Kahl, William C. 1908
Kahlenberg, Louis Albrecht 1870 - 1941
Kanavas, Theodore J. 1961
Kander, Lizzie Black, 1858-1940
Kaokias
Karlen, Jacob 1840 - 1920
Kaskaskias
Kasten Jr., Robert W. 1942
Kasten, William A. 1956
Kastenmeier, Robert W. 1924
Katzer, Frederick Xavier 1844 - 1903
Kaufert, Dean R. 1957
Kaufman, Eugene S. 1922
Kaun, Hugo Wilhelm Ludwig 1863 - 1932
Kavanaugh, William C. 1914
Kedrowski, David R. 1942
Kedzie, Neal J. 1956
Keegan, Jr., Earl 1921
Keep, Albert 1826 - 1907
Kellman, Norris J. 1898
Kellogg, Amherst Willoughby 1829 - 1923
Kellogg, Ansel Nash 1832 - 1886
Kellogg, Ansel Wales 1821 - 1870
Kellogg, Col. John A. (1828 - 1883)
Kellogg, Louise Phelps 1862 - 1942
Kellogg, Rufus Bela 1837 - 1891
Kelly, Patrick 1792 - 1858
Kelly, Patrick H. 1890
Kelso, Carol 1945
Kemper, Jackson 1789 - 1870
Kempster, Walter 1841 - 1918
Kendziorski, Casimir 1898
Kennan, Kossuth Kent (1852-1933)
Kennan, Thomas Lathrop 1827 - 1920
Kenyon, (Charles) Kyle (1924-1996)
Keokuk, Sauk chief, 1780?-1848.
Keppler, Ernest C. 1918
Kerkman, Samantha 1974
Kerwin, James Charles 1850 - 1921
Kessler, Frederick P. 1940
Kestell, Steve 1955
Keyes, Elisha Williams 1828 - 1910
Kickapoo Indians
Kickbush, August 1828 - 1901
Kieckhefer, Ferdinand August William 1852 - 1919
Kiekhoefer, William Henry 1883 - 1951
Kikapous
Kilataks
Kilbourn, Byron 1801 - 1870
Kilgore, Damon Y[Oung?] 1827 - 1888
Kimball, Alanson Mellen 1827 - 1913
Kimberly, John Alfred 1838 - 1928
Kincaid, Lloyd H. 1925
Kind, Ron 1963
King, Charles 1844 - 1933
King, Franklin Hiram 1848 - 1911
King, Gen. Rufus (1814-1876)
Kinney, Kathy 1954 -
Kinsman, Delos Oscar 1868 - 1948
Kintz, Milford C. 1903
Kinzie, John Harris 1803 - 1865
Kinzie, Juliette Augusta, 1806-1870
Kirby, Michael G. 1952
Kiskaouets
Kissel, Louis 1839 - 1908
Kitchigamick Indians
Kittle, William 1861 - 1942
Kleczka, Gerald D. 1943
Kleczka, Jerry 1943
Klicka, George H. 1934
Klingler, Emil F. (1887 - ?)
Klug, Scott L. 1953
Klusman, Judith 1956
Knapp, Gilbert 1798 - 1887
Knapp, John Holly [Jr.] 1825 - 1888
Kneeland, James 1816 - 1899
Kneeland, Moses 1809 - 1864
Knight, John Henry 1836 - 1903
Knowles, Robert P. 1916
Knowles, Warren P. 1908
Knowlton, James H. 1813 - 1879
Knowlton, Wiram 1816 - 1863
Knox, Randall S. 1949
Knutson, Milo G. 1918
Koenig, Joseph 1858 - 1929
Koeppen, George 1833 - 1897
Kohl, Herbert H. 1935
Kohler, John Michael 1844 - 1900
Kohler, Marie Christine 1876 - 1943
Kohler, Ruth Miriam [De Young] 1906 - 1953
Kohler, Walter Jodok 1875 - 1940
Kordus, Robert P. 1939
Korpela, Ernest J. 1936
Koss, Rudolph Alexander 1823 - 1894
Kostuck, John T. 1892
Kraut, Hans Baptiste 1881 - 1947
Krautbauer, Francis Xavier 1824 - 1885
Krawczyk, Judy 1939
Kreibich, Robin G. 1959
Kremers, Edward 1865 - 1941
Kreul, Richard 1924
Kreuser, James E. 1961
Kreutzer, Andrew Laurence 1862 - 1944
Krez, Conrad 1828 - 1897
Kronshage, Theodore Jr. 1869 - 1934
Krosnicki, Kathleen A. 1950
Krueger, Clifford W. 1918
Krug, Shirley 1958
Krumrey, Henry 1852 - 1922
Krusick, Peggy 1956
Kruszka, Michael 1860 - 1918
Kryszak, Mary [Olszewski] 1876 - 1945
Kumlien, Thure Ludwig Theodore 1819 - 1888
Kunde, Kenneth 1916
Kundig, Martin 1805 - 1879
Kunicki, Walter J. 1958
Kurz, Henry 1826 - 1906
Kustermann, Gustav 1850 - 1919
Kuypers, John Anton 1869 - 1940

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