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Dictionary of Wisconsin History

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Search Results for: Keyword: 'baraga'

Term: Baraga, Frederic 1797 - 1868


Roman Catholic missionary, bishop, b. castle of Malavas, Carniola, Austria. He studied law at the Univ. of Vienna, but after graduation in 1821 decided to enter the Church, took his training at the Seminary of Laibach, and was ordained a priest in Sept., 1823. After serving Austrian parishes until 1830, he came to the U.S. and spent the next four years as a missionary among the Ottawa Indians in Michigan Territory. In July, 1835, he arrived at La Pointe to labor among the Chippewas. His sincere devotion and great understanding in helping the Indians made him welcome. He went to Europe in 1836 to raise funds, returned in 1837, and by 1841 had built a church. He mastered the Chippewa language, prepared several religious books in this dialect, and won lasting recognition as a philologist for his Theoretical and Practical Grammar of the Otchipwe Language (1850) and Dictionary of the Otchipwe Language (1853). In 1843 he left La Pointe to establish the L'Anse mission in Michigan. The rest of his life was more closely associated with Upper Michigan, of which he was made bishop in Nov., 1853. In 1865 his see was transferred from Sault Ste. Marie to Marquette, where he worked until his death. Dict. Amer. Biog.; C. A. Verwyst, Life and Labors of Bishop Baraga (Milwaukee, 1900); A. I. Rezek, Hist. of the Diocese of Sault Ste. Marie and Marquette (2 vols., Houghton, Mich., 1906-1907); WPA field notes.

View newspaper clippings at Wisconsin Local History and Biography Articles.

[Source: Dictionary of Wisconsin biography]
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