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Dictionary of Wisconsin History

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Term: Lapham, Increase Allen 1811 - 1875

Definition:

Lapham examines a meteorite, 1869 (WHi-1944)

pioneer naturalist, author, b. Palmyra, N.Y. He attended common schools in New York and Mann Butler School, Louisville, Ky. Although untrained academically, he became interested in science and engineering at an early age, and published his first article in the American Journal of Science in 1828. In 1836 he came to Milwaukee to become chief engineer and secretary of Byron Kilbourn's (q.v.) Rock River Canal Company. Called the first Wisconsin scholar and ecologist, his interests ranged widely in such fields as botany, geology, meteorology, archaeology, cartography, conchology, zoology, horticulture, and history. One of the first authors and map makers in Wisconsin, he was the author of the first scientific imprint, Catalogue of Plants and Shells Found in the Vicinity of Milwaukee (1836), and the first book published in Wisconsin, Geographical and Topographical Description of Wisconsin (1844). He also drew the first map published in the area (1845). Among approximately 80 titles in his bibliography, two of the most important were Antiquities of Wisconsin (1855), which focused attention on the state's Indian mounds, and Report of the Disastrous Effects of the Destruction of Forest Trees (1867), a pioneering work in the field of conservation. He was instrumental in establishing the Milwaukee public high school program, was one of the founders of Milwaukee Female Seminary (1848), and was president of The State Historical Society (1862-1871). Long an advocate of a federal weather service, he was instrumental in seeing the program established (1870) and served briefly as assistant on weather to the chief signal officer of the army. He was chief geologist for Wisconsin (1873-1875). Lapham was a founder and member of many early educational, civic, and scientific organizations, and corresponded regularly with leading scientists throughout the world. His natural-history collection, including fossils, minerals, shells, meteorites, Indian relics, and a large herbarium, was acquired by the legislature in 1876 for the Univ. of Wisconsin. Dict. Amer. Biog.; Wis. Mag. Hist., 1, 5, 29; Coils. State Hist. Soc. Wis. 7 (1876); WPA MS; L A. Lapham MS.

The Wisconsin Historical Society has manuscripts related to this topic. See the catalog description of the Increase Allen Lapham Papers for details.

View a related article at Wisconsin Magazine of History Archives.

View Lapham's commentary on the land surveys at Wisconsin Historical Collections.

View newspaper clippings at Wisconsin Local History and Biography Articles.

[Source: Dictionary of Wisconsin biography]

149 records found

La Fave, John 1949
La Follette, Belle Case, 1859-1931
La Follette, Bronson C. 1936
La Follette, Douglas J.
La Follette, Philip Fox, 1897-1965
La Follette, Robert Marion Sr. 1855 - 1925
La Follette, Robert Marion, Jr., 1895 - 1953
La Grange, Col. Oscar H. (1837-1915)
La Ronde, Louis Denis De 1675 - 1741
Laatsch, James F. 1940
Lacher, John Henry Alois 1856 - 1936
Ladd, Azel Parkhurst 1811 - 1854
Ladwig, Bonnie L. 1939
Lahontan, Baron, (Lom D'Arce De Lahontan, Louis Ar
Laird, Melvin R. 1922 -
Lalemant, Fr. Jérôme (Hierosme), 1593-1673
Lallensack, Francis J. 1916
Lalumiere, Stanislaus Petty 1822 - 1895
Lamb, Eugene M. 1910
Lamoreux, Silas Wright 1843 - 1909
Lampert, Florian 1863 - 1930
Landreth, Albert 1858 - 1899
Lange, Louie Augustus 1854 - 1917
Langeland, Knud 1813 - 1888
Langenberg, Conrad (1830-1899)
Langlade, Charles Michel 1729 - 1801
Langner, Arnold W. F. 1925
Laper, Jr., Oscar A. 1915
Lapham, Increase Allen 1811 - 1875
Larrabee, Charles Hathaway 1820 - 1883
Larsen, Lawrence R. 1897
Larsen, Marty 1905
Larsen, [Peter) Laur[Entius] 1833 - 1915
Larson, Gustus Ludvig 1881 - 1953
Larson, Ludvig Conrad 1899 - 1953
Larson, Robert J. 1932
LaSalle, Robert Rene Cavelier, sieur de, 1643 - 16
Lasee, Alan J. 1937
Lasee, Frank G. 1961
Lassa, Julie M. 1970
Lathan, Raymond Lee 1915
Lathrop, John Hiram 1799 - 1866
Lathrop, Stephen Pearl 1816 - 1854
Latin, Jacquelyn J. 1952
Lato, Stanley J. 1924
Latvians in Wisconsin
Laubenheimer, Jacob George 1874 - 1936
Laun, Jr., Alfred A. 1905
Lauri, Carl E. 1924
Lautenschlager, Peggy A. 1955
Law, James Richard 1885 - 1952
Lawe, George William 1810 - 1895
Lawe, John 1780 - 1846
Lawler, John 1832 - 1891
Lawson, Alfred W. (1869 - 1954)
Lawson, Publius Virgilius 1853 - 1920
Lawton, Barbara 1951
Layton, Frederick 1827 - 1919
Lazich, Mary A. 1952
Le Jeune, Fr. Paul, 1591-1664
Le Marchand de Lignery, Constant c.1663 - 1731
Le Marchand de Lignery, François-Marie, 1703 -1759
Le Mercier, Fr., 1604-1690
Le Sueur, Pierre 1657 - 1705
Leach, Eugene Walter 1857 - 1938
Lean, John S. 1851 - 1948
Lee, Joseph 1942
Lee, Mordecai 1948
Leean, Joseph 1942
Legler, Henry Eduard 1861 - 1917
Lehman, John W. 1945
Lehman, Michael A. 1943
Leibham, Joseph K. 1969
Leidersdorf, Bernhard 1837 - 1912
Leith, Charles Kenneth 1875 - 1956
Lemahieu, Daniel R. 1946
Lenroot, Irvine Luther 1869 - 1949
Leonard, Jerris 1931
Leonard, William Ellery 1876 - 1944
Leopold, Stephen R. 1944
Leopold, [Rand] Aldo 1887 - 1948
Lepak, David J. 1959
Lester, Charles Stanley 1846 - 1913
Lester, Clarence Brown 1877 - 1951
Levalley, Christopher Warren 1833 - 1918
Levander, Harry O. 1901
Leverich, James Earl
Levitan, Solomon 1862 - 1940
Levy, John Meyer 1820 - 1910
Lewis, Gov. James Taylor (1819-1904)
Lewis, James Otto 1799 - 1858
Lewis, James R. 1936
Lewis, Margaret S. 1954
Lewis, Theodore Gorman 1890 - 1934
Lewison, Bernard
Liberace 1919 - 1987
Lien, Edgar E. 1936
Lindsay, Edmond James 1838 - 1924
Lingren, Ronald H. 1935
Liniwek
Linton, Barbara J. 1952
Linton, Ralph 1893 - 1953
Lipscomb, Jr., Mark G. 1935
Lithuanians in Wisconsin
Litscher, Leroy "Pete" 1939
Little Priest, Ho-Chunk chief
Lochner, John Frederick Carl 1822 - 1902
Lockwood, James Henry 1793 - 1857
Loeffelholz, Gabe 1940
Loevenhart, Arthur Solomon 1878 - 1929
Logan, Ben 1920 -
Lombardi, Vincent Thomas 1913 - 1970
Loomis, Orland Steen 1893 - 1942
Lord, Clifford Lee, 1912 - 1980
Lorenz, Richard 1858 - 1915
Lorge, William D. 1960
Lorman, Barbara K. 1932
Lorman, Milton 1927
Lothian, Thomas A. 1928
Lotto, Myron P. 1925
Lotz, Oscar 1880 - 1953
Loucks, Steven 1961
Louis, Theodore 1829 - 1907
Lourigan, Joseph 1901
Louvigny, Louis de la Porte de,
Love, William De Loss 1819 - 1898
Lovejoy, Allen Perry 1825 - 1904
Low Cloud, Charles Round 1872 - 1949
Lucey, Patrick J. 1918
Luckhardt, Esther Doughty
Ludington, Harrison 1812 - 1891
Ludington, Nelson 1818 - 1883
Luebke, William 1906
Luedke, Herman August 1850 - 1917
Luedtke, Paul A. 1888
Lummpkin, Hope Henry 1882 - 1932
Lund, Einer Peter 1903
Luning, Frederick August 1811 - 1861
Lunt, Alfred 1893 - 1977
Luther, Ernest Leonard 1868 - 1953
Lutherans in Wisconsin
Luxembourgers in Wisconsin
Lynch, Richard J. 1921
Lynch, Thomas 1844 - 1898
Lynde, William Pitt 1817 - 1885
Lynn, James J. 1916
Lyon, Lucius, 1800-1851
Lyon, William Penn 1822 - 1913
Lysne, Per 1880 - 1947

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