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Dictionary of Wisconsin History

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Search Results for: Keyword: 'black hawk'

Term: Dodge, Henry 1782 - 1867

Definition:

Henry Dodge in 1834, by George Catlin (WHi-27177)

frontiersman, soldier, politician, territorial governor, U.S. Senator, b. Vincennes, Ind. He spent his boyhood in Kentucky. In 1796 he moved westward with his family to the present Ste. Genevieve, Mo., where he engaged in lead mining, farming, and trading. In 1806 he made an effort to join the abortive Aaron Burr expedition to the Southwest, but turned back upon hearing of Burr's arrest. He served as sheriff of Ste. Genevieve County (1805-1821). During the War of 1812 he served with the Missouri militia, and rose to the rank of brigadier general. In 1827 he moved with his family of 9 children and his slaves to the lead-mining region of the Upper Mississippi. He settled first at Galena, Ill., and then on the lands of the Winnebago Indians, near Dodgeville. Quickly rising to leadership on the rough mining frontier, he took the initiative in pressing the miners' claims to the land against both the Indians and the federal government. He gained prominence during the Black Hawk War in 1832, when, as Colonel of the Iowa County militia, his leadership and tactics turned the tide against the retreating Sauk and Fox Indians. From 1833 to 1836 he commanded a contingent of U.S. dragoons to protect the U.S. frontier against the Indians, and made several expeditions to the western plains. Dodge was interested in territorial politics from his arrival in the area, and, with the solid support of the lead-mining Democracy of southwestern Wisconsin and the aid of interested Missouri Democrats, he was able to secure the appointment as first territorial governor in 1836. During his first term, the problem of locating a permanent site for the capital of Wisconsin dominated all other issues. Dodge's temporary location at Belmont was rejected in favor of Madison. The decision was largely the result of the smooth political maneuvering of Dodge's primary antagonist in Wisconsin politics, James D. Doty (q.v.). Although reappointed governor in 1839, he was removed from office when the Whigs came to power in 1841. But in the same year he was elected territorial delegate to Congress. In 1845, with the Democrats back in power, Dodge again became territorial governor. In 1848, when Wisconsin became a state, he was elected U.S. Senator, and in 1851 was re-elected to a full term. His senatorial career was not particularly impressive; largely, it reflected the twilight years of the Democratic party's power in Wisconsin. In 1857 he retired from public life and moved to Burlington, Ia. Dict. Amer. Biog.; L. Pelzer, H. Dodge (Iowa City, 1911); J. Schafer, Wis. Lead Region (Madison, 1932); WPA MS.

The Wisconsin Historical Society has manuscripts related to this topic. See the catalog description of the Henry Dodge Miscellany for details.

View newspaper clippings at Wisconsin Local History and Biography Articles.

[Source: Dictionary of Wisconsin biography]

94 records found

Atkinson, Henry, 1782-1842
Bad Axe River, Crawford Co.
Bad Axe, Battle of
Battle of Bad Axe (Historic Marker Erected 1955)
Battle of Wisconsin Heights (Historic Marker Erect
Beloit [brief history]
Black Hawk 1767 - 1838
Black Hawk at Turtle Village (Historic Marker Erec
Black Hawk War (1832)
Black Hawk War (Historic Marker Erected 1968)
Black Hawk War Encampment "Burnt Village" (Histori
Black Hawk War Encampment (Historic Marker Erected
Black Hawk [origin of place name]
Black Hawk, Sauk Co.
Blackhawk Island, Jefferson Co.
Blue Mounds (geology)
Brigham Park (Historic Marker Erected 1955)
Brigham, Ebenezer 1789 - 1861
Bunyan, Paul
Caspar Partridge case, 1850-1855
Clark, Satterlee [Jr.?] 1816 - 1881
Clermont, Alexis 1808 - 1898
Crelie, Joseph 1773 - 1866
Davis, Jefferson (in Wisconsin)
Decorah family
Decorah Peak (Historic Marker Erected 1958)
Decorah, One-Eyed, 1772?-1864, Ho-Chunk chief
Dodge's Grove and Fort Union (Historic Marker Erec
Dodge, Henry 1782 - 1867
Dodgeville [brief history]
Drummond's Island
Dunn [origin of place name]
Dunn, Charles 1799 - 1872
Fennimore [origin of place name]
Forsyth, Thomas, 1771-1833.
Fort Atkinson [brief history]
Fort Atkinson [origin of place name]
Fort Atkinson, Jefferson Co.
Fort Blue Mounds
Fort Defiance (Historic Marker Erected 1995)
Fort Hamilton
Fort Koshkonong (Historic Marker Erected 1966)
Fox Wars (ca. 1710-1740)
Gratiot, Henry 1789 - 1836
Grignon, Charles Augustin, 1808 - 1862
Grignon, Pierre Sr. 1740 - 1795
Hamilton, William Stephen 1797 - 1850
Helena, Iowa Co.
Indian Lake Passage (Historic Marker Erected 1997)
Keokuk, Sauk chief, 1780?-1848.
Lincoln, Abraham (in Wisconsin)
Meeker, Moses 1790 - 1865
Military River Crossing (Historic Marker Erected 1
Monfort [origin of place name]
Neopope, Sauk warrior, dates unverified
Niedecker, Lorine (1903-1970)(Historic Marker Erec
Niedecker, Lorine, 1903-1970
Ocooch Mountains (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
Oshkosh, Menominee chief, 1795 - 1858
Paquette, Pierre 1799? - 1836
Parkinson, Daniel Morgan 1790 - 1868
Pecatonica River, Green Co. [origin of place name]
Pheasant Branch Encampment (Historic Marker Erecte
Pope-Roberts, Sondy 1950
Potosi [origin of place name]
Presidential Visits to Madison
Prophet, The (Winnebago)
Robson, Judith Biros
Rountree, John Hawkins 1805 - 1890
Route of Abraham Lincoln, 1832 and 1859 (Historic
Sauk and Fox Treaty of 1804 (St. Louis)
Saukenuk
Schooff, Dan 1971
Soldiers Grove Origins (Historic Marker Erected 19
Souligny, Menominee leader, 1785-1864
Spotted Arm (Broken Arm), Ho-Chunk chief
Stambaugh, Samuel C.
Storrs Lake, Milton (Historic Marker Erected 1976)
Street, Joseph Montfort 1780 - 1840
The Pursuit West (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
The Smoker, Ho-Chunk chief
The U.S. Military at Turtle Village (Historic Mark
Third Lake Passage (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1784-1835
Tragedy of War (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
Trail Discovery (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
Treaty of 1832 (Fort Armstrong)
Troop Encampment (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
Victory, Vernon Co.
Western Escape (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
White Crow, Ho-Chunk chief
Whittlesey, Charles 1808 - 1886
Winnebago Indians (Historic Marker Erected 1973)
Yankees in Wisconsin

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