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Term: Allen, Col. Thomas S. (1825-1905)


b. Andover, New York, July 26, 1825
d. Winnebago, Wisconsin, December 12, 1905

Thomas S. Allen is best remembered for his leadership of the 5th Wisconsin Infantry during the Civil War. He also served as Wisconsin’s ninth secretary of state and published the Oshkosh Northwestern newspaper after the war.


Allen was born in Andover, New York, in 1825. He attended common schools, learned the printer's trade, and attended Oberlin College. In 1847 he arrived in Iowa County, Wisconsin, where for the next 13 years he was engaged in mining, surveying, and teaching school in and around Dodgeville. He served in minor public offices, and was chosen by his neighbors to represent them in the state Assembly in 1857. In 1860 he moved to Madison.

Civil War Service

When the Civil War broke out in April 1861, Allen enlisted as a private in the Governor's Guards local militia (Co. K, 1st Wisconsin Infantry). But Gov. Alexander Randall asked him to form a company from southwestern Wisconsin. At the end of June, Allen headed south as captain of Co. I, 2nd Wisconsin Infantry. A month later he led his troops at the Battle of Bull Run, and over the next 18 months was promoted up through the ranks to lieutenant colonel. As a major, Allen led his troops into the Battle of Gainesville, where he was wounded in the neck and the wrist, but refused to leave the field. At the Battle of South Mountain he was again wounded.

In January 1863 Allen was promoted to colonel of the 5th Infantry. On May 3, he commanded the regiment at the bloody attack on Marye's Heights, during the Second Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia. On November 7 he was wounded again, during the Battle of Rappahannock Station. When the 5th Infantry’s term of service was up in the summer of 1864, Allen volunteered to reorganize it with new recruits, and served through the end of the war. In 1865 he was brevetted brigadier general, U.S. Volunteers.

Postwar Career

Allen was elected secretary of state of Wisconsin in 1865 and served two terms, from 1866-1870. He helped organize the Grand Army of the Republic in Wisconsin, and served as its commander, 1869-1870.

After moving to Oshkosh in 1870, Allen took over as publisher of the Oshkosh Northwestern newspaper. He ran the paper from 1870-1884 in partnership with John Hicks. With Julius Weidner, he ran a German newspaper, the Wisconsin Telegraph, from 1885-1902. Allen died at home of heart failure on December 12, 1905.


Links to Learn More

Biographical sketch of Col. Allen by E.B. Quiner on pages 1003-1004 of his book, “Military History of Wisconsin” (Chicago, 1866)

A nine-page memoir by Allen’s business partner John Hicks appeared in the Oshkosh Northwestern on March 24, 1906

View original documents related to Col. Allen

[Source: Dictionary of Wisconsin Biography (Madison, 1965); E. B. Quiner, Military History of Wisconsin (Chicago, 1866); Oshkosh Northwestern, Dec. 13, 1905 and March 24, 1906.]

418 records found

Aaron [origin of place name]
abatis (Civil War)
Abbot, Edwin Hale 1834 - 1927
Abbotsford [origin of place name]
Abbotsford, Clark Co.
Abbott [origin of place name]
Abbott, Town of, Sheboygan Co.
Abel, Town of, Manitowoc Co.
Abells Corners, Walworth Co.
Abert, George 1817 - 1890
Ableman [origin of place name]
Abraham, Harvey R. 1895
Abraham, Henry William 1866 - 1920
Abrahams, Jim 1944 -
Abrahamson, Shirley S. 1933
Abrahamson, Theodore 1900
Abrams, Oconto Co.
Abrams, Town of, Oconto Co.
Ackerville, Washington Co.
Ackley, Town of, Langlade Co.
Ada, Sheboygan Co.
Adams Beach, Shawano Co.
Adams Center (historical), Adams Co.
Adams County
Adams County Rifles (Civil War military unit)
Adams County [origin of place name]
Adams, Adams Co.
Adams, Charles Kendall 1835 - 1902
Adams, Henry Cullen 1850 - 1906
Adams, Thomas Sewall 1873 - 1933
Adams, Town of, Adams Co.
Adams, Town of, Green Co.
Adams, Town of, Jackson Co.
Adams, Walworth Co.
Adams, William 1813 - 1897
Adamsville [origin of place name]
Adario, Town of, Waushara Co.
Addison, Town of, Washington Co.
Addison, Washington Co.
Adell, Sheboygan Co.
Adell, Village of, Sheboygan Co.
Adella Beach, Winnebago Co.
Adelman, Lynn S. 1939 -
Adjutant (Civil War)
Adjutant General (Civil War)
Adler, David 1821 - 1905
Adler, Solomon 1816 - 1890
Adrian, Town of, Monroe Co.
adulteration (dairy)
Advance, Shawano Co.
Adventists in Wisconsin
African American Settlers of Cheyenne Valley (Hist
African Americans in Wisconsin
aft (maritime)
after cabin (maritime)
aftermast (maritime)
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Afton [origin of place name]
Afton, Rock Co.
Agenda, Town of, Ashland Co.
Ager, Waldemar Theodor 1869 - 1941
Agnew [origin of place name]
agriculture in Wisconsin
Ahnapee [origin of place name]
Ahnapee, Town of, Kewaunee Co.
Aide-de-camp (Civil War)
Aikens, Andrew Jackson 1830 - 1909
Ainsworth [origin of place name]
Ainsworth, Ellen 1918 - 1944
Ainsworth, John H. 1940
Ainsworth, Town of, Langlade Co.
Akan, Town of, Richland Co.
Akeley, Carl Ethan 1864 - 1926
Alaska, Kewaunee Co.
Alban, Portage Co.
Alban, Town of, Portage Co.
Albany, Green Co.
Albany, Town of, Green Co.
Albany, Town of, Marquette Co.
Albany, Town of, Pepin Co.
Albany, Village of, Green Co.
Albee, George Sumner 1837 - 1898
Albers, Sheryl K. 1954
Alberts, John M. 1933
Albertville, Chippewa Co.
Albion Academy (Historic Marker)
Albion [origin of place name]
Albion [origin of place name]
Albion, Dane Co.
Albion, Town of, Dane Co.
Albion, Town of, Jackson Co.
Albion, Town of, Trempealeau Co.
Albrecht, Max John Frederick 1861 - 1943
Alden, Town of, Polk Co.
Aldens Corners, Dane Co.
Alderley, Dodge Co.
Alexander, Alexander Septimus 1860 - 1935
Alexander, Lewis Miller 1858 - 1934
Alexander, Town of, Brown Co.
Alexander, Walter 1849 - 1926
Alfonsi, Paul R. 1908
Algoma [brief history]
Algoma [origin of place name]
Algoma, Kewaunee Co.
Algoma, Town of, Winnebago Co.
Alice in Dairyland
Allen Family (Historic Marker Erected 1976)
Allen Grove [origin of place name]
Allen, Carolyn Blanchard 1921
Allen, Charles Herman(?) 1828 - 1904
Allen, Col. Thomas S. (1825-1905)
Allen, Eau Claire Co.
Allen, Hiram Storrs 1806 - 1886
Allen, William 1825 - 1883
Allen, William Francis 1830 - 1889
Allens Grove, Walworth Co.
Allenton, Washington Co.
Allenville, Winnebago Co.
Alligator (logging)
Allis, Charles 1853 - 1918
Allis, E.P., Company
Allis, Edward Phelps 1824 - 1889
Allis, Louis 1866 - 1950
Allouez Bay [origin of place name]
Allouez, Brown Co.
Allouez, Claude Jean 1622 - 1689
Allouez, Douglas Co.
Allouez, Town of, Brown Co.
Allouez, Village of, Brown Co.
alluvion, or alluvium (mining)
Alma Center, Jackson Co.
Alma Center, Village of, Jackson Co.
Alma [origin of place name]
Alma, Buffalo Co.
Alma, Town of, Buffalo Co.
Alma, Town of, Jackson Co.
Almena [origin of place name]
Almena, Barron Co.
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Almon, Shawano Co.
Almon, Town of, Shawano Co.
Almond, Portage Co.
Almond, Town of, Portage Co.
Almond, Village of, Portage Co.
Alpha [origin of place name]
Alpha, Burnett Co.
Alstad [origin of place name]
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Alto, Fond du Lac Co.
Alto, Town of, Fond du Lac Co.
Altoona [origin of place name]
Altoona, Eau Claire Co.
Alverno, Manitowoc Co.
Alvin, Forest Co.
Alvin, Town of, Forest Co.
Amberg, Marinette Co.
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Ambridge, Douglas Co.
Ameche, Don 1908 - 1993
American Antiquarian Society
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American Fur Company
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American Water Spaniel
Ameringer, Oscar 1870 - 1943
Amery, Polk Co.
Ames, Jesse Hazen 1875 - 1957
Ames, Merlin Mcmain 1879 - 1950
Amherst Junction, Portage Co.
Amherst Junction, Village of, Portage Co.
Amherst, Portage Co.
Amherst, Town of, Portage Co.
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amidships (maritime)
Amnicon Falls, Douglas Co.
Amnicon [origin of place name]
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Amnicon, Town of, Douglas Co.
Anacker, Marquette Co.
Anchorage (historical), Buffalo Co.
Anderson Trailer Court, Barron Co.
Anderson [origin of place name]
Anderson, Canute 1830 - 1893
Anderson, Gerald K. 1921
Anderson, John 1872 - 1929
Anderson, Lyman F. 1926
Anderson, Norman C. 1928
Anderson, Rasmus Born 1846 - 1936
Anderson, Rock Co.
Anderson, Thomas Carl 1865 - 1948
Anderson, Town of, Burnett Co.
Anderson, Town of, Iron Co.
Anderson, Wendell Abraham 1840 - 1929
Andrea, Joseph F. 1927
Andrews, Frank Edmund 1874 - 1947
Andrews, Roy Chapman (1884 - 1960)
Angelica, Shawano Co.
Angelica, Town of, Shawano Co.
Angelo [origin of place name]
Angelo, Monroe Co.
Angelo, Thomas St. 1889
Angelo, Town of, Monroe Co.
Anglo (Civil War)
Angus, Barron Co.
animalcula (farming)
Aniwa [origin of place name]
Aniwa, Shawano Co.
Aniwa, Town of, Shawano Co.
Aniwa, Village of, Shawano Co.
Annaton, Grant Co.
Anneke, Fritz 1818 - 1872
Anneke, Mathilde Franziska (Giesler) 1817 - 1884
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Ansley, John D.
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Anson, Leonard Niles 1848 - 1927
Anson, Town of, Chippewa Co.
Anston, Brown Co.
Antaramian, John M. 1954
Antes, Robert Manning 1863 - 1949
Antietam, Battle of
Antigo Silt Loam, State Soil of Wisconsin (Histori
Antigo [brief history]
Antigo [origin of place name]
Antigo, Langlade Co.
Antigo, Town of, Langlade Co.
Anton, Douglas Co.
Apollonia, Rusk Co.
Apostle Islands
Apple Creek, Outagamie Co.
Apple River
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Appleby, John Francis 1840 - 1917
Appleton [brief history]
Appleton [origin of place name]
Appleton, Outagamie Co.
Appomattox Court House, Battle of
Apuckaway, Election precinct of, Marquette Co.
arable (farming)
Arabs in Wisconsin
Arbor Vitae, Town of, Vilas Co.
Arbor Vitae, Vilas Co.
Arcade Acres, Fond du Lac Co.
Arcade, Town of, Marquette Co.
Arcadia [origin of place name]
Arcadia, Town of, Trempealeau Co.
Arcadia, Trempealeau Co.
arch (maritime)
arch board (maritime)
archaeological record
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arched roof (architecture)
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Arena, Iowa Co.
Arena, Town of, Iowa Co.
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Argonne [origin of place name]
Argonne, Forest Co.
Argonne, Town of, Forest Co.
Argyle, Lafayette Co.
Argyle, Town of, Lafayette Co.
Argyle, Village of, Lafayette Co.
Arkansas Post, Battle of
Arkansaw, Pepin Co.
Arkdale, Adams Co.
Arland, Barron Co.
Arland, Town of, Barron Co.
Arlington, Columbia Co.
Arlington, Town of, Columbia Co.
Arlington, Village of, Columbia Co.
Armenia, Town of, Juneau Co.
Armitager's Rapids
Armitagi, William Edmond 1830 - 1873
Armour, Philip Danforth 1832 - 1901
Armsby, Henry Prentiss 1853 - 1921
Armstrong Creek, Forest Co.
Armstrong Creek, Town of, Forest Co.
Armstrong, Benjamin Green 1820 - 1900
Armstrong, Fond du Lac Co.
Armstrong, Town of, Oconto Co.
Army (Civil War)
Army Corps (Civil War)
Army Lake (historical), Walworth Co.
Arndt, Charles C. P. , died 1842
Arndt, John Penn 1780 - 1861
Arnold, Alexander Ahab 1833 - 1915
Arnold, Chippewa Co.
Arnold, Jonathan Earle 1814 - 1869
Arnott, Portage Co.
arpent (Fr.)
Arpin [origin of place name]
Arpin, Town of, Wood Co.
Arpin, Village of, Wood Co.
Arpin, Wood Co.
Art Deco (architecture)
Arte Moderne (architecture)
Artesia Beach, Fond du Lac Co.
Arthur, Grant Co.
Arthur, Town of, Chippewa Co.
Artillery (Civil War)
Arts and Crafts (architecture)
Ashford (historical), Richland Co.
Ashford [origin of place name]
Ashford, Fond du Lac Co.
Ashford, Town of, Fond du Lac Co.
Ashippun [origin of place name]
Ashippun, Dodge Co.
Ashippun, Town of, Dodge Co.
Ashland County [origin of place name]
Ashland Junction, Bayfield Co.
Ashland [brief history]
Ashland [origin of place name]
Ashland, Ashland Co.
Ashland, Town of, Ashland Co.
Ashley, Marathon Co.
Ashley, William Bliss 1811 - 1893
Ashton Corners, Dane Co.
Ashton, Dane Co.
Ashum, David W. 1854 - 1927
Ashwabena [stream], Brown Co.
Ashwaubenon [origin of place name]
Ashwaubenon, Brown Co.
Ashwaubenon, Town of, Brown Co.
Ashwaubenon, Village of, Brown Co.
Askeaton [origin of place name]
Askeaton, Brown Co.
Aspen [origin of place name]
Aspin, Leslie, 1938-1995.
Associated Milk Producers (AMPI)
Astico, Dodge Co.
Astor, Brown Co.
Astor, John Jacob , 1763-1848
Athelstane, Marinette Co.
Athelstane, Town of, Marinette Co.
Athens [origin of place name]
Athens [origin of place name]
Athens, Marathon Co.
Athens, Village of, Marathon Co.
athwartships (maritime)
Atkins, Forest Co.
Atkinson, Henry, 1782-1842
Atkinson, Percy C[Hristopherson] 1867 - 1941
Atkinson, William P. 1901
Atlanta Campaign
Atlanta, Battle of
Atlanta, Town of, Rusk Co.
Atlas, Polk Co.
Attica [origin of place name]
Attica, Green Co.
Atwater, Dodge Co.
Atwood, Clark Co.
Atwood, David 1815 - 1889
Aubrey, Richland Co.
Auburn [origin of place name]
Auburn, Town of, Chippewa Co.
Auburn, Town of, Fond du Lac Co.
Auburndale, Town of, Wood Co.
Auburndale, Village of, Wood Co.
Auburndale, Wood Co.
Audubon Society, Wisconsin
Augusta [origin of place name]
Augusta, Eau Claire Co.
Aurora, Florence Co.
Aurora, Town of, Florence Co.
Aurora, Town of, Taylor Co.
Aurora, Town of, Waushara Co.
Aurora, Washington Co.
Auroraville, Waushara Co.
Ausman, La Verne 1930
Austrians in Wisconsin
Auto Race-Green Bay to Madison (HIstoric Marker Er
automobile industry in Wisconsin
Aux Gallait, Election precinct of, Crawford Co.
Avalanche [origin of place name]
Avalanche, Vernon Co.
Avalon, Rock Co.
aviary (farming)
aviation in Wisconsin
Avoca [origin of place name]
Avoca, Iowa Co.
Avoca, Village of, Iowa Co.
Avon, Lafayette Co.
Avon, Rock Co.
Avon, Town of, Rock Co.
Ayoës, Ayowois
Azim, Jr., James N. 1936
Aztalan (archaeological site)
Aztalan State Park (Historic Marker Erected 1964)
Aztalan [origin of place name]
Aztalan, Jefferson Co.
Aztalan, Town of, Jefferson Co.

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