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Term: Allen, Col. Thomas S. (1825-1905)

Definition:

b. Andover, New York, July 26, 1825
d. Winnebago, Wisconsin, December 12, 1905

Thomas S. Allen is best remembered for his leadership of the 5th Wisconsin Infantry during the Civil War. He also served as Wisconsinís ninth secretary of state and published the Oshkosh Northwestern newspaper after the war.

Youth

Allen was born in Andover, New York, in 1825. He attended common schools, learned the printer's trade, and attended Oberlin College. In 1847 he arrived in Iowa County, Wisconsin, where for the next 13 years he was engaged in mining, surveying, and teaching school in and around Dodgeville. He served in minor public offices, and was chosen by his neighbors to represent them in the state Assembly in 1857. In 1860 he moved to Madison.

Civil War Service

When the Civil War broke out in April 1861, Allen enlisted as a private in the Governor's Guards local militia (Co. K, 1st Wisconsin Infantry). But Gov. Alexander Randall asked him to form a company from southwestern Wisconsin. At the end of June, Allen headed south as captain of Co. I, 2nd Wisconsin Infantry. A month later he led his troops at the Battle of Bull Run, and over the next 18 months was promoted up through the ranks to lieutenant colonel. As a major, Allen led his troops into the Battle of Gainesville, where he was wounded in the neck and the wrist, but refused to leave the field. At the Battle of South Mountain he was again wounded.

In January 1863 Allen was promoted to colonel of the 5th Infantry. On May 3, he commanded the regiment at the bloody attack on Marye's Heights, during the Second Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia. On November 7 he was wounded again, during the Battle of Rappahannock Station. When the 5th Infantryís term of service was up in the summer of 1864, Allen volunteered to reorganize it with new recruits, and served through the end of the war. In 1865 he was brevetted brigadier general, U.S. Volunteers.

Postwar Career

Allen was elected secretary of state of Wisconsin in 1865 and served two terms, from 1866-1870. He helped organize the Grand Army of the Republic in Wisconsin, and served as its commander, 1869-1870.

After moving to Oshkosh in 1870, Allen took over as publisher of the Oshkosh Northwestern newspaper. He ran the paper from 1870-1884 in partnership with John Hicks. With Julius Weidner, he ran a German newspaper, the Wisconsin Telegraph, from 1885-1902. Allen died at home of heart failure on December 12, 1905.

 

Links to Learn More

Biographical sketch of Col. Allen by E.B. Quiner on pages 1003-1004 of his book, ďMilitary History of WisconsinĒ (Chicago, 1866)

A nine-page memoir†by Allenís business partner John Hicks appeared in the Oshkosh Northwestern on March 24, 1906

View original documents related to Col. Allen

[Source: Dictionary of Wisconsin Biography (Madison, 1965); E. B. Quiner, Military History of Wisconsin (Chicago, 1866); Oshkosh Northwestern, Dec. 13, 1905 and March 24, 1906.]

93 records found

Abbot, Edwin Hale 1834 - 1927
Abert, George 1817 - 1890
Abimiek
Abraham, Harvey R. 1895
Abraham, Henry William 1866 - 1920
Abrahams, Jim 1944 -
Abrahamson, Shirley S. 1933
Abrahamson, Theodore 1900
Adams, Charles Kendall 1835 - 1902
Adams, Henry Cullen 1850 - 1906
Adams, Thomas Sewall 1873 - 1933
Adams, William 1813 - 1897
Adelman, Lynn S. 1939 -
Adler, David 1821 - 1905
Adler, Solomon 1816 - 1890
Adventists in Wisconsin
Ager, Waldemar Theodor 1869 - 1941
Aikens, Andrew Jackson 1830 - 1909
Ainsworth, Ellen 1918 - 1944
Ainsworth, John H. 1940
Aionez
Akeley, Carl Ethan 1864 - 1926
Albee, George Sumner 1837 - 1898
Albers, Sheryl K. 1954
Alberts, John M. 1933
Albrecht, Max John Frederick 1861 - 1943
Alexander, Alexander Septimus 1860 - 1935
Alexander, Lewis Miller 1858 - 1934
Alexander, Walter 1849 - 1926
Alfonsi, Paul R. 1908
Algonquins
Alimiwec
Allen, Carolyn Blanchard 1921
Allen, Charles Herman(?) 1828 - 1904
Allen, Col. Thomas S. (1825-1905)
Allen, Hiram Storrs 1806 - 1886
Allen, William 1825 - 1883
Allen, William Francis 1830 - 1889
Allis, Charles 1853 - 1918
Allis, Edward Phelps 1824 - 1889
Allis, Louis 1866 - 1950
Allouez, Claude Jean 1622 - 1689
Ameche, Don 1908 - 1993
Ameringer, Oscar 1870 - 1943
Ames, Jesse Hazen 1875 - 1957
Ames, Merlin Mcmain 1879 - 1950
Amikouets
Andastoeronnons
Andatahouats
Anderson, Canute 1830 - 1893
Anderson, Gerald K. 1921
Anderson, John 1872 - 1929
Anderson, Lyman F. 1926
Anderson, Norman C. 1928
Anderson, Rasmus Born 1846 - 1936
Anderson, Thomas Carl 1865 - 1948
Anderson, Wendell Abraham 1840 - 1929
Andrea, Joseph F. 1927
Andrews, Frank Edmund 1874 - 1947
Andrews, Roy Chapman (1884 - 1960)
Angelo, Thomas St. 1889
Anishinabe
Anneke, Fritz 1818 - 1872
Anneke, Mathilde Franziska (Giesler) 1817 - 1884
Annieronnon
Ansley, John D.
Anson, Leonard Niles 1848 - 1927
Antaramian, John M. 1954
Antes, Robert Manning 1863 - 1949
Appleby, John Francis 1840 - 1917
Armitagi, William Edmond 1830 - 1873
Armour, Philip Danforth 1832 - 1901
Armsby, Henry Prentiss 1853 - 1921
Armstrong, Benjamin Green 1820 - 1900
Arndt, Charles C. P. , died 1842
Arndt, John Penn 1780 - 1861
Arnold, Alexander Ahab 1833 - 1915
Arnold, Jonathan Earle 1814 - 1869
Ashley, William Bliss 1811 - 1893
Ashum, David W. 1854 - 1927
Aspin, Leslie, 1938-1995.
AssenipoŽls
Assistagueronons
Astor, John Jacob , 1763-1848
Atkinson, Henry, 1782-1842
Atkinson, Percy C[Hristopherson] 1867 - 1941
Atkinson, William P. 1901
Atwood, David 1815 - 1889
Ausman, La Verne 1930
Austrians in Wisconsin
Aweatsiwaenr-rhonons
AyoŽs, Ayowois
Azim, Jr., James N. 1936

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