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Term: Fairchild, Gov. Lucius (1831-1896)

Definition:

b. Franklin Mills (now Kent), Ohio, December 27, 1831
d. Madison, Wisconsin, May 23, 1896

Lucius Fairchild is remembered as a colonel in the Iron Brigade, as Wisconsin's 10th governor from 1866-1872, and as a U.S. diplomat during the late 19th century.

Early Life

Lucius Fairchild came to Madison, Wisconsin, with his parents in 1846. Three years later, at age 18, he followed the Gold Rush to California, remaining there until 1855. He returned to Madison, studied law, and was admitted to the Wisconsin bar in 1860.

Civil War Service

Five days after the Confederates attacked on Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861, Fairchild was appointed captain of Co. K of the 1st Wisconsin Regiment. After three months of service around Washington, D.C., the regiment was disbanded. Fairchild accepted the appointment as a major in the 2nd Wisconsin Infantry and immediately rose to lieutenant colonel. A year later, on August 30, 1862, he was named colonel of the regiment, just as it entered its fiercest battles.

Fairchild commanded troops in several of these battles, including Second Bull Run, Antietam, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg. At Gettysburg, while he was leading a charge from Seminary Ridge to McPherson's Ridge on July 1, 1863, he was hit by a ball that shattered his left arm, which had to be amputated. Shortly before he was mustered out of service, he was promoted to brigadier general.

Political and Diplomatic Career

After returning to Madison, Fairchild served as Wisconsin Secretary of State from 1864-1866. In 1865 he was elected governor and served three successive terms, from 1866-1872. Although his administration was largely concerned with routine business matters, Fairchild was active in promoting soldiers' aid and state institutions; and in pressing for a commission to study the railroad problem. Toward the end of his term he was active in relief measures aiding victims of the Peshtigo fire.

At the close of his terms as governor, Fairchild was appointed U.S. consul at Liverpool from 1872-1878, consul-general in Paris from 1878-1880, and U.S. ambassador to Spain from 1880-1882. Returning to Wisconsin in 1882, his name was floated as a possible presidential or vice-presidential candidate in 1884 but his defeat for U.S. Senator in 1885 effectively ended his political career.

Final Years

Fairchild devoted his last decade to veterans' affairs. He was state and national commander of the Grand Army of the Republic, 1886-1887, and was national commander of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion from 1893-1895. He died on May 23, 1896, at his home in Madison.

Links to Learn More

Obituary in the Milwaukee Weekly Wisconsin, May 30, 1896

Article on Fairchild's tenure as governor, Wisconsin Magazine of History, vol. 60. no.2 (1976)

View original documents related to Col. Lucius Fairchild during the Civil War

[Source: Dictionary of Wisconsin Biography; Dictionary of American Biography; Weekly Wisconsin, May 30, 1896; Wisconsin Magazine of History, vol. 60. no.2 (1976): 82-108; Love, William D. Wisconsin in the War of the Rebellion (Madison, 1866)]

98 records found

Faast, Benjamin F. 1884 - 1948
Fairchild, Col. Cassius (18291868)
Fairchild, Gov. Lucius (1831-1896)
Fairchild, Hiram Orlando 1845 - 1925
Fairchild, Jairus Cassius 1801 - 1862
Fairchild, Thomas E. 1912
Falge, Louis 1861 - 1918
Falk, Franz Lorenz 1824 - 1882
Falk, Harold Sands 1883 - 1957
Fallows, Samuel 1835 - 1922
Farley, Chris 1964 - 1997
Farnsworth, William 1796 - 1860
Farrar, Charles Samuel 1826 - 1903
Farrington, Edward Holyoke 1860 - 1934
Farrow, Margaret A. 1934
Farwell, Leonard James 1819 - 1889
Fassett, Norman Carter 1900 - 1954
Father Solanus Casey (1870 - 1957)
Favill, Stephen 1823 - 1906
Faville, John 1847 - 1927
Favre, Brett Lorenzo, 1969 -
Feinberg, Milton
Feingold, Russell D. 1953
Felder, Emma 1927 - 2008
Fenenga, Melmon Jacob 1858 - 1933
Ferber, Edna, 1885-1968
Fergus, Scott C. 1955
Ferrall, R. Michael 1936
Ferry, George Bowman 1851 - 1918
Fiedler, Otho August 1873 - 1948
Fields, Daniel B. 1952
Fifield, Samuel S. 1839 - 1915
Fillmore, John Comfort 1843 - 1898
Finch, Asahel Jr. 1809 - 1883
Fink, Albert 1867 - 1950
Finney, Frederick Norton 1832 - 1916
Finns in Wisconsin
Fire Nation
Fischer, Daniel 1952
Fish, Carl Russell 1876 - 1932
Fish, Irving Andrews 1881 - 1948
Fish, Ody J., 1925 --
Fisk, Theodore 1859 -
Fitch, Charles W. 1819 - 1899
Fitch, Grant 1859 - 1940
Fitzgerald, Jeff 1966
Fitzgerald, Scott L. 1963
Five Nations Confederacy
Flannigan, Allen J. 1909
Flemish Bastard
Flintrop, Richard A. 1945
Flynn, Gerald T. 1910
Flynn, James T. 1944
Fogo, William Montgomery 1841 - 1903
Folle Avoines, Fol Avoine, Folle Avoine
Fontanne, Lynn 1887 - 1983
Ford, Winifred 1876 - 1957
Forsyth, Thomas, 1771-1833.
Fortis, Louis G. 1947
Foster, Carlton 1826 - 1901
Foster, Edward Augustus 1829 - 1902
Foster, Nathaniel Caldwell 1834 - 1923
Foti, Steven M. 1958
Four Legs, Ho-Chunk chief, dates unverified
Fourier, Charles, 1772-1837
Fowler, Chester Almeron 1862 - 1948
Fox Indians
Fox, Albert Charles 1878 - 1934
Fox, Thomas P. 1946
Frackelton, Susan, 1848 - 1932
Frame, Andrew Jay 1844 - 1932
Frank, Glenn 1887 - 1940
Frank, Kurt A. 1945
Frank, Louis Frederick 1857 - 1918
Frank, Michael 1804 - 1894
Frankfurth, William 1829 - 1891
Franks, Jacob 1760 - 1840
Fraser, Thomas 1820 - 1893
Fratney, Frederick 1815 - 1855
Frear, James Archibald 1861 - 1939
Freehoff, William Adolph 1889 - 1950
Freese, Stephen J. 1960
Freethinkers in Wisconsin
French in Wisconsin
Frey, Frank Jacob 1859 - 1937
Frick, William Keller 1850 - 1918
Friedman, Oliver Albert 1893 - 1957
Friend, Jacob Elias 1857 - 1912
Frisby, Leander Franklin 1825 - 1889
Friske, Donald 1961
Fritschel, Herman Lawrence 1869 - 1957
Froehlich, Harold V. 1932
Frost, William Dodge 1867 - 1957
Fry, Rupert F. 1871 - 1935
Fuller, Margaret, 1810-1850
Fuller, Oliver Clyde 1860 - 1942
Fullsavoines
Fusseder, Francis 1825 - 1888

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