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Term: McArthur, Gen. Arthur (1845-1912)

Definition:

 

b. Springfield, Massachusetts, June 2, 1845
d. Milwaukee, Wisconsin, September 5, 1912

Arthur McArthur, commander of the 24th Wisconsin Infantry, was the youngest colonel in the Wisconsin volunteers. He later served as governor of the Philippines after the Spanish-American War of 1898.

Childhood

McArthur (he changed the spelling to 'MacArthur' after the Civil War) came to Milwaukee with his family as a young child. When the Civil War broke out, he was only 16 years old. The following year he was commissioned adjutant and 1st lieutenant of the 24th Wisconsin Infantry.

Civil War Service

The 24th Infantry arrived at Louisville, Kentucky, on September 20, 1862, and fought at the Battle of Perryville on October 8. At the Battle of Stones River (December 30, 1862-January 1, 1863), the colonel and lieutenant colonel of the 24th Infantry were both ill and command fell on the regiment's major and 18-year-old McArthur.

Congressional Medal of Honor

Eleven months later, at age 18, McArthur won the Congressional Medal of Honor for his leadership at Missionary Ridge during the Battle of Chattanooga, Tennessee. The 24th Infantry was one of several units ordered to charge uphill into a fortified enemy position on November 25, 1863. When his regiment's color bearer fell, McArthur picked up the regimental flag and charged ahead with it in front of his men. They rallied behind him, stormed the seemingly impregnable entrenchments, and seized the strategic ridge for the Union.

McArthur was promoted to major on January 2, 1864, and on May 15 again commanded the regiment, at the Battle of Resaca, Georgia. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel on June 8, 1864, and led his troops during the Siege of Atlanta. On November 30, 1864, he was wounded at the Battle of Franklin, Tennessee. McArthur was mustered out with his regiment on June 10, 1865, but soon enlisted in the U.S. Army.

Later Career

From 1866-1886, McArthur was stationed at many posts around the South and West. He was commissioned a brigadier general 1896. He fought in the Spanish-American War and was appointed military governor of the Philippines during the American occupation from 1900-1901. He also served as special observer to the Japanese army during the Russo-Japanese War of 1905 before finally retiring on June 2, 1909.

McArthur returned to Milwaukee in 1907. He died there from a massive heart attack on September 5, 1912, while addressing a reunion of veterans from the 24th Wisconsin Infantry.

Links to Learn More

McArthur recalls his childhood and military career

History of the 24th Wisconsin Infantry by E.B. Quiner in his book, "Military History of Wisconsin" (Chicago, 1866)

View an eyewitness account of McArthur's actions at Missionary Ridge, November 25, 1863

[Source: Dictionary of Wisconsin Biography (Madison, 1965); "Lieutenant General MacArthur Retires." Milwaukee Free Press, June 2, 1909; "Major General Arthur MacArthur" The United Service, A Monthly Review… Third Series, Vol. 2, No. 1 (July 1902) 111-112. ]

87 records found

Adams, William 1813 - 1897
Allouez, Claude Jean 1622 - 1689
Baptists in Wisconsin
Baraga, Frederic 1797 - 1868
Bonduel [origin of place name]
Breck, James Lloyd 1818 - 1876
Briggs, Jason W. 1821 - 1899
Broek, Theodore [Theodorus] van den, 1783-1851
Buck, Philo Melvin Jr. 1877 - 1950
Burleson, Solomon Stevens 1833 - 1897
Cadle, Richard Fish 1796 - 1857
Carheil, Fr, Étienne de, 1633-1726
Carter, Homer Wright 1847 - 1933
Catholics in Wisconsin
Chapin, Aaron Lucius 1817 - 1892
Charlevoix, Fr., Pierre François Xavier de, 1682-1
Chattanooga, Battle of
Civil War: 15th Infantry
Civil War: 21st Infantry
Clark, John 1797 - 1854
Clary, Dexter 1798 - 1874
Colman, Henry Root 1800 - 1895
Dablon (D'Ablon), Fr. Claude, 1619-1697.
Davidson, John Nelson 1848 - 1945
De Pere [brief history]
Derenthal, Oderic Ignaz 1856 - 1934
Dicke, Peter Henry 1822 - 1911
Disciples of Christ in Wisconsin
Eaton, Edward Dwight 1851 - 1942
Eaton, Samuel Witt 1820 - 1905
Ellis, Albert Gallatin 1800 - 1885
Episcopals in Wisconsin
Father Caspar Rehrl (Historic Marker Erected 1991)
Father Samuel Mazzuchelli (Historic Marker Erected
Fraser, Thomas 1820 - 1893
Garth, Schuyler Edward 1898 - 1947
Gordon, Philip 1886 - 1948
Hall, Sherman 1800 - 1879
Hauser, Jacob 1845 - 1931
Indian schools in Wisconsin
Iverson, Andreas Michael 1823 - 1907
Jogues, Fr. Isaac, 1607-1646
Kelly, Patrick 1792 - 1858
Kemper, Jackson 1789 - 1870
Kewaunee [brief history]
Lalemant, Fr. Jérôme (Hierosme), 1593-1673
Le Jeune, Fr. Paul, 1591-1664
Le Mercier, Fr., 1604-1690
Lochner, John Frederick Carl 1822 - 1902
Lummpkin, Hope Henry 1882 - 1932
Lutherans in Wisconsin
Madeline Island (Historic Marker Erected 1961)
Marcellon [origin of place name]
Marquette (Historic Marker Erected 1957)
Marquette, Jacques 1637 - 1675
Marsh, Cutting 1800 - 1873
Mazzuchelli, Samuel Charles 1806 - 1864
McArthur, Gen. Arthur (1845-1912)
Menard, Fr. Rene, 1605-1661
Metoxen, John 1770 - 1858
Miller, Marjorie "Midge" 1922
Miller, Wesson Gage 1822 - 1893
missionary
Missionary Ridge, Battle of
Moravians in Wisconsin
Mueller, John Gottlieb 1813 - 1893
Northwest Portal of Wisconsin (Historic Marker Ere
Ordway, Moses 1788 - 1870
Pere Marque'ite and Sieur Jolliet (Historic Marker
Ragueneau, Fr. Paul, 1608-1680
Rankin, Walter Laurie 1841 - 1910
Schinner, Augustine Francis 1863 - 1937
St. Cosme, Fr. Jean François Buisson de, dates unv
Stevens Point [origin of place name]
Stucki, Jacob 1857 - 1930
Tank, Nils Otto 1800 - 1864
Tanktown [origin of place name]
The Bad River (Historic Marker Erected 1957)
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1622-1699
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1784-1835
Verwyst, Chrysostom Adrian 1841 - 1925
Vimont, Fr. Barthélemy, 1594-1667
Walworth, John 1804 - 1895
Wheeler, Leonard Hemenway 1811 - 1872
Williams, Eleazer 1788 - 1858
Winnebago Indian School, Neillsville, Wis.
Wisconsin River Headwaters (Historic Marker Erecte

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