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Dictionary of Wisconsin History

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Term: Jolliet, Louis 1645 - 1700

Definition:

(Note: birth date given in original as "ca. Sept. 21, 1645"; death date given as "Summer, 1700".) trader, explorer, cartographer, b. Beauport, near Quebec, Canada. He was educated at the Jesuit college, Quebec, received minor orders in 1662, but later decided not to enter the priesthood. In 1669, in partnership with his brother Adrian and others, he left Montreal for a trading expedition to Sault Ste. Marie where he remained until 1671.

Returning to Quebec, in 1672 Jolliet was appointed by the Intendant of New France to seek a route to the Pacific by way of the Mississippi River. The trip was sanctioned by Governor Frontenac, who granted the privilege of fur trade rights to defray the expenses of the exploration. In Dec., 1672, Jolliet arrived at St. Ignatius mission (St. Ignace, Mich.) with an appointment for Father Marquette to accompany him.

On May 17, 1673, with the Jesuit priest and five Frenchmen, he left the mission and by way of Green Bay and the Fox and Wisconsin rivers entered the Mississippi on June 17. The party followed the river southward to about the present site of Arkansas City, Ark., where they turned back on July 17, convinced that the great river led to the Gulf of Mexico. Returning by way of the Illinois River, Jolliet recognized the possibility of a canal from the Des Plaines to the Chicago River.

The most important original documents related to the 1673 Marquette/Jolliet expedition are given at Turning Points in Wisconsin History (www.wisconsinhistory.org/turningpoints).

Again in Quebec, 1674, he sent a map drawn from memory and a report announcing his discovery to Colbert. In 1677 his petition to found a settlement in the Illinois country was denied by Louis XIV, and thereafter he devoted himself to opening fisheries and the fur trade along the north shore of the Gulf of St. Lawrence. He acquired Mingan Islands in 1679, and in 1680 received the fief of Anticosti Island as a reward for his various discoveries.

In 1694 he explored the coast of Labrador, and in the winter of 1695-1696, as pilot of the ship "Clarente," returned to France where he received an appointment as royal hydrographer, an office that he held until his death. No record has been found of the cause of his death or place of burial. Jolliet had six children: two sons who left descendants (Jean-Baptiste and Charles),  two sons who did not (Louis and Francois), and two daughters (Marie-Genevieve and Claire).  He also had two brothers (Adrien and Zacharie) who left descendants. Rene Jette's ¿Dictionnaire genealogique des familles du Quebec¿ (Les Presses de l¿Universite de Montreal, 1983), pp. 603-604, traces the family from its arrival in French Canada until 1730.

For a discussion of the spelling of his names, see Joliet

View a related article at Wisconsin Magazine of History Archives.

View an account of Joliet and Marquette's discovery of the upper Mississippi at Wisconsin Historical Collections. 

[Source: Dict. Amer. Biog.; E. Gagnon, L. Jolliet (Quebec, 1902); J. Delanglez, Life and Voyages of L. Jolliet (Chicago, 1948); N. Amer. French Regime [on file in Archives, Marquette Univ.]. ]

317 records found

"Kissel" (Historic Marker)
Abraham, Harvey R. 1895
Adams, Henry Cullen 1850 - 1906
Adler, David 1821 - 1905
Alexander, Walter 1849 - 1926
Allen Family (Historic Marker Erected 1976)
Allen, Carolyn Blanchard 1921
Allen, William Francis 1830 - 1889
Allis, Edward Phelps 1824 - 1889
American Craftsman (architecture)
Anderson, Gerald K. 1921
Anderson, Thomas Carl 1865 - 1948
Andrews, Frank Edmund 1874 - 1947
Andrews, Roy Chapman (1884 - 1960)
Anneke, Mathilde Franziska (Giesler) 1817 - 1884
Antaramian, John M. 1954
Appleby, John Francis 1840 - 1917
Appleton [brief history]
Armour, Philip Danforth 1832 - 1901
Arte Moderne (architecture)
Austrians in Wisconsin
automobile industry in Wisconsin
Babcock, Joseph Weeks 1850 - 1909
badger [origin of name]
Baird, Henry Samuel 1800 - 1875
Baker, Ray Stannard [David Grayson] 1870 - 1946
Bardeen, Charles Valdo 1850 - 1903
Bardon, Thomas 1848 - 1923
Barnes, Lyman Eddy 1855 - 1904
Beal, Polly W. 1942
Bean, Jacob Linsley 1809 - 1855
Becker, Dismas 1936
Beloit [brief history]
Benson, Taylor
Berceau, Terese 1950
Black Hawk War (1832)
Blanchard, Alvin 1830 - 1910
Blue Mounds (geology)
Bolens, Harry Wilbur 1864 - 1944
Booth, Sherman Miller 1812 - 1904
Bovee, Marvin Henry 1827 - 1888
Boyhood Home of Jeremiah Curtin (1835-1906) (Histo
Brandel, John Christian (1842 - 1919)
Brandel, Mary Margaret (1907 - 1993)
Braun, Warren D. 1934
Bravo, Ellen Leslie b. March 25th, 1944
Brevoort, Maj. Henry B.
Brewer, Richard M. (1850-1878)(Historic Marker Ere
Brigham Park (Historic Marker Erected 1955)
Brigham, Jerome Ripley 1825 - 1897
Brown, Thurlow Weed 1819 - 1866
Buck, Philo Melvin Jr. 1877 - 1950
Busby, Allen J. 1900
Buslett, Ole Amundsen 1855 - 1924
Caddie Woodlawn (Historic Marker Erected 1970)
Cargill, William Wallace 1844 - 1909
Caron, or Carron
Carr, Peter P.
Carver Grant
Carver, Jonathan 1710 - 1780
Cary, William Joseph 1865 - 1934
Caspar Partridge case, 1850-1855
Caswell, Lucien Bonaparte 1827 - 1919
Chamberlin, Thomas Chrowder 1843 - 1928
Chapman, Chandler Pease 1844 - 1897
charivari
Chilsen, Walter J. 1923
Chynoweth, Mary Hayes (1825-1905)
Cirilli, Arthur A. 1914
Clarenbach, David E. 1953
Clarke, Bascom B., 1851 - 1929
Cochran, Joseph William 1842 - 1914
Coggs, Marcia P. 1928
Colby, Gardner 1810 - 1879
Coleman, William Werner 1835 - 1888
Collie, George Lucius 1857 - 1954
Colman, Charles Lane 1826 - 1901
Columbia County [origin of place name]
Comstock, George Cary 1855 - 1934
Conkey, Theodore 1819 - 1880
Corby, Ellen 1913 - 1999
Cottage Inn, Lafayette Co.
Country Life Movement
Cowles, Robert L. 1950
Cranberry Culture (Historic Marker Erected 1958)
Crawford, George 1849 - 1927
Crelie, Joseph 1773 - 1866
Crownhart, Charles Henry 1863 - 1930
Cudahy, Patrick 1849 - 1919
dairy industry in Wisconsin
Dean House (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
Decorah family
Deitz (Dietz), John F. 1861 - 1924
Dempsey, Chester E. 1896
Dessert, Joseph 1819 - 1910
Dewey's Corners [origin of place name]
Dheinsville Settlement (Historic Marker Erected 19
Dodge's Grove and Fort Union (Historic Marker Erec
Dodge, Henry 1782 - 1867
Dodge, Joseph Thompson 1823 - 1904
Dousman, Hercules Louis 1800 - 1868
Draper, Lyman Copeland 1815 - 1891
Durward, Bernard Isaac 1817 - 1902
Early Dutch Settlers (Historic Marker Erected 1996
Egyptian revival (architecture)
Eikenberry, Jill 1947 -
Eldredge, Charles Augustus 1820 - 1896
English immigrants in Wisconsin
Fairchild, Col. Cassius (1829–1868)
Falk, Franz Lorenz 1824 - 1882
Fallows, Samuel 1835 - 1922
Farwell, Leonard James 1819 - 1889
Favill, Stephen 1823 - 1906
Felder, Emma 1927 - 2008
First Swedish Settlers in Wisconsin (Historic Mark
firsts
floods in Wisconsin
Fort Blue Mounds
Friske, Donald 1961
Garland, Hamlin (1860-1940)(Historic Marker Erecte
Gee, Harvey F. 1908
genealogy
Great Depression
Green Bay [brief history]
Green, Mark A. 1960
Grignon, Charles Augustin, 1808 - 1862
Grignon, Pierre Sr. 1740 - 1795
Griswold, Hattie [Tyng] 1840 - 1909
Gugler Lithographic Company
Hansen, Robert W. 1911
Harvey, Cordelia (1824–1895)
Harvey, Cordelia (Historic Marker Erected 1991)
Hauser, Jacob 1845 - 1931
Hawley, Col. William (1824-1873)
Hecht, Ben 1894 - 1964
Heg, Col. Hans Christian (1829-1863)
Heinemann, Benjamin 1850 - 1919
Hill, Charles Lewis 1869 - 1957
Hirshheimer, Albert 1840 - 1924
Ho-Chunk Indians
Horlicksville [origin of place name]
Horner, John Scott 1802 - 1883
Houdini, Harry 1874 - 1926
Houser, Walter L. 1855 - 1928
How-Beckman Mill (Historic Marker Erected 1997)
Hoxie, Vinnie Ream 1847 - 1914
Huebsch, Michael D. 1964
Jackson, James Albert 1840 - 1921
Jackson, Joseph 1812 - 1881
Jefferson, Jefferson Co.
Jefferson, Thomas (descendants in Wisconsin)
Jens, Salome 1935 -
Jensen, Scott R. 1960
Jerusalem Corners [origin of place name]
John F. Deitz: "Battle of Cameron Dam" (Historic M
John Muir Country (Historic Marker Erected 1969)
Johnson, Alfred Stanley, jr. 1863 - 1932
Johnson, Jay W. 1943
Johnson, John Anders 1832 - 1901
Johnson, Samuel Curtis 1833 - 1919
Johnson, Warren S. 1847 - 1911
Jolliet, Louis 1645 - 1700
Jones, John Reynolds (1851 - 1928)
Joss, Adrian "Addie" (Historic Marker Erected 1986
Juneau, Solomon 1793 - 1856
Junkermann, Otto C.
Kabler, Beatrice Ann Parks. 1928-
Kasten Jr., Robert W. 1942
Keegan, Jr., Earl 1921
Kellogg, Amherst Willoughby 1829 - 1923
Kennan, Thomas Lathrop 1827 - 1920
Kestell, Steve 1955
Keyes, Elisha Williams 1828 - 1910
Kingston [origin of place name]
Knapp, John Holly [Jr.] 1825 - 1888
Kneeland, James 1816 - 1899
Kneeland, Moses 1809 - 1864
Kohler, Marie Christine 1876 - 1943
Kohler, Ruth Miriam [De Young] 1906 - 1953
Krusick, Peggy 1956
Kunicki, Walter J. 1958
La Follette, Robert Marion Sr. 1855 - 1925
La Follette, Robert Marion, Jr., 1895 - 1953
La Grange, Col. Oscar H. (1837-1915)
Laird, Melvin R. 1922 -
Landreth, Albert 1858 - 1899
Langner, Arnold W. F. 1925
Larrabee, Charles Hathaway 1820 - 1883
Leach, Eugene Walter 1857 - 1938
Leahy, William D., Fleet Admiral, U.S. Navy (1875-
Lehman, John W. 1945
Lindsay, Edmond James 1838 - 1924
Linton, Barbara J. 1952
Lipscomb, Jr., Mark G. 1935
Lumberjacks' nicknames (logging)
Lyon, Lucius, 1800-1851
Lyons (township) [origin of place name]
manufacturing in Wisconsin
Marin, Joseph, dates unverified
Marshall, Rouget De Lisle 1847 - 1922
Mayer, Stephan F. 1854 - 1935
McArthur, Gen. Arthur (1845-1912)
Mccoy, Robert Bruce 1867 - 1926
McKee, Lt. Col. David (1828-1862)
Mears, Helen Farnsworth 1872 - 1916
Meaux, Thomas W. 1954
Medford [origin of place name]
Meeker, Moses 1790 - 1865
Merrill Park (Historic Marker Erected 1997)
Meunier, Alex J. 1897
Miller, Marjorie "Midge" 1922
Milton House (HIstoric Marker Erected 1961)
Moen, Rodney C. 1937
Monberg, Lawrence 1900 - 1983
Montgomery, Phil 1957
Moore, Annie Aubertine [Woodward] 1841 - 1929
Moore, William (1827-1862)
Morris, Lucy Smith (1850-1935)(Historic Marker Ere
Moser, William R. 1927
Mosse, George Lachmann 1918 - 1999
Muir, John 1838 - 1914
Munts, Mary Lou 1924
Murphy, Roger P. 1923
Mylrea, William Henry 1853 - 1916
Neillsville [origin of place name]
Neubauer, Jeffrey A. 1955
Neumann, Mark W. 1954
New Richmond tornado (1899)
Nye, Edgar Wilson (1850-1896) (Historic Marker Ere
O'Keefe, Georgia (1887 - 1996)
Obey, David R. (b. 1938)
Octagon House (Historic Marker Erected 1957)
Old Abe, the War Eagle
Olsen, Luther S. 1951
Ourada, Thomas D. 1958
Owen, William E. 1888
Owens, Carol 1931
Paine, Edward Lathrop 1801 - 1893
Peck, Roseline [Willard] [Mrs. Eben Peck) 1808 - 1
Petak, George 1949
Philipp, Emanuel Lorenz 1861 - 1925
Pier, Kate [Hamilton] 1845 - 1925
Plache, Kimberly M. 1961
Pleasant Ridge African American Community (Histori
Pleasant Ridge, Grant Co.
Poplawski, Stephen J. 1885 - 1956
Preston [origin of place name]
Puerto Ricans in Wisconsin
Quiner, Emily (or Emelie) 1839 - 1919
Quinney, John W. 1797 - 1855
Reber, Louis Ehrhart 1858 - 1948
Red Cloud, Mitchell Jr. (1925-1950) (Historic Mark
Rexford, Eben Eugene 1848 - 1916
Rice Lake [brief history]
Riddles, Libby (born 1956)
Roessler, Carol A. 1948
Rosenzweig, Peggy A. 1936
Rueping [Ruping], William ["Heinrich","Wilhelm"] 1
Ruger, Gen. Thomas H. (1833-1907)
Rutkowski, James A. 1942
Ryan, Paul 1970
Salzmann, Joseph 1819 - 1874
Schilling, Robert 1843 - 1922
Schlitz, Joseph 1831 - 1875
Schmidt, Gary J. 1947
Seery, Thomas 1945
Sell, Ronald A. 1945
Shaw, Daniel 1813 - 1881
Sherman [origin of place name]
Shilling, Jennifer 1969
Shopiere [origin of place name]
Showerman, Grant 1870 - 1935
Sicula, Paul E. 1939
Slichter, Charles Sumner 1864 - 1946
Slovenians in Wisconsin
Smith, George Baldwin 1823 - 1879
Sobocinski, Sherman R. 1927
Soldiers Grove, Village of, Crawford Co.
South Greenville Grange No. 225 (Historic Marker E
Springer, Thomas J. 1968
Staskunas, Anthony J. 1961
Stevens, John 1840 - 1920
Struebing, Wilmer H. 1910
Sturdevant, Lafayette Monroe 1856 - 1923
Summer White House - 1928 (Historic Marker Erected
Tainter, Andrew 1823 - 1899
Tank, Nils Otto 1800 - 1864
Tanner, Herbert Battles 1859 - 1933
Tenney, Horace Addison 1820 - 1906
The Raube Road Site (Historic Marker Erected 1998)
The Sand Counties-Aldo Leopold Territory (Historic
The Solomon Juneau House (Historic Marker Erected
The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (Historic Ma
Thorstein Veblen (1857-1929) (Historic Marker Erec
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1750-1783
Titanic (Wisconsin passengers)
Towns, Debi 1956
Uihlein, August 1842 - 1911
underground railroad in Wisconsin
Vergeront, Susan B. 1945
Vilas, Levi Baker 1811 - 1879
Villa Louis
Vinje, Aad John 1857 - 1929
War of 1812 (Historic Marker Erected 1964)
Ward, Col. Lyman M. (1836-1909)
Ward, David W. 1953
Warner, Arthur Pratt 1870 - 1957
Warren, Lyman Marquis 1794 - 1847
Warren, Robert W. 1925
Welch, Robert T. 1958
Wellcome, Henry Soloman, Sir (1853-1936)(Historic
Wheeler, Leonard Hemenway 1811 - 1872
Wilcox, Ella Wheeler 1850 - 1919
Wilcox, Jon P. 1936
Wilder, Laura Ingalls (1867-1957)(Historic Marker
Wirch, Robert W. 1943
Woodman, Cyrus 1814 - 1889

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