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Term: Juneau, Solomon 1793 - 1856


fur trader, founder of Milwaukee, b. Repentigny, Quebec, Canada. He was baptized Laurent Salomon Juneau, but dropped his first name sometime after coming to Milwaukee and changed the spelling of his second name to Solomon. The extent of his early education is unknown. In 1816 he moved to Mackinac where he found employment as a clerk for Jacques Vieau, fur trader, who had his headquarters at Green Bay and a trading post on the Menominee River at the present site of Milwaukee. Buying out Vieau's post on the Menominee in 1819, Juneau became a trader for John Jacob Astor's American Fur Co. and in 1820 married Vieau's daughter, Josette. In 1822 he built the first log house in Milwaukee and in 1824 the first frame building. He became an American citizen in 1831, and began to learn English the same year. In Oct., 1833, he formed a partnership with Morgan L. Martin (q.v.) to develop a village on the east side of the Milwaukee River, and in 1835 Juneau entered his claim as a pre-emption, platted lots, and began selling them to settlers. In 1835 he erected a two-story house, a store, and a hotel (Belleview House), and at the first election for officers of Milwaukee township (Sept. 1835) he was elected a commissioner of roads and a director of the poor. When the first post office was established at Milwaukee in 1835, Juneau was appointed postmaster, and held this position until 1843. In 1837 he began publication of the Milwaukee Sentinel, with John O'Rourke as editor, and on the organization of village government the same year, Juneau was elected trustee and village president. A Democrat, in 1846 Juneau was elected first mayor of Milwaukee, and served one term (Apr. 1846-Apr. 1847). In 1848 he opened a store in Theresa, Wis., where he had established a trading post as early as 1833, and in 1852 the Juneau family moved permanently to the new location. He died at Keshena while attending a "payment" on the Menominee Indian reservation. Juneau was closely identified with almost every public improvement in pioneer Milwaukee. With Morgan L. Martin he built the first courthouse and presented it to the county, and he also donated the land for St. Peter's Catholic Church, St. John's Cathedral, the first government lighthouse, and for Milwaukee Female Seminary. Dict. Amer. Biog.; Wis. Mag. Hist., 41; B. Still, Milwaukee (Madison, 1948); I. Fox, S. Juneau (Milwaukee [1916]); WPA field notes; S. Juneau Papers.

The Wisconsin Historical Society has manuscripts related to this topic. See the catalog description of the Solomon Laurent Juneau Papers for details.  See also the Solomon Laurent Juneau Miscellany.

[Source: Dictionary of Wisconsin biography]

68 records found

Jackamonis, Ed G. 1939
Jackson, James Albert 1840 - 1921
Jackson, Joseph 1812 - 1881
Jackson, Jr., Robert L. 1936
Jackson, Mortimer Melville 1809 - 1889
Jacobs, Herbert Henry 1864 - 1948
Jacobs, William Henry 1831 - 1882
Jahnke, Franklin M. 1900
James, Ada Lois 1876 - 1952
James, Edwin, 1797-1861 
Janssen, Edward H. 1815 - 1877
Jaronitzky, June 1938
Jarreau, Al 1940 -
Jastrow, Joseph 1863 - 1944
Jauch, Robert 1945
Jefferson, Thomas (descendants in Wisconsin)
Jeffery, Thomas B. 1845 - 1910
Jenkins, James Graham 1834 - 1921
Jenkins, John James 1843 - 1911
Jens, Salome 1935 -
Jensen, Scott R. 1960
Jeskewitz, Suzanne 1942
Jewett, Milo Parker 1808 - 1882
Jews in Wisconsin
Jogues, Fr. Isaac, 1607-1646
Johnson, Alfred Stanley, jr. 1863 - 1932
Johnson, Burdette Jay 1826 - 1902
Johnson, Daniel Harris 1825 - 1900
Johnson, Gary K. 1939
Johnson, Jay W. 1943
Johnson, John Anders 1832 - 1901
Johnson, John, dates unverified
Johnson, Lawrence H. 1908
Johnson, Lester R. 1901
Johnson, Raymond C. 1936
Johnson, Robert I. 1928
Johnson, Samuel Curtis 1833 - 1919
Johnson, Warren S. 1847 - 1911
Johnson, William A. 1922
Johnsrud, Duwayne 1943
Johnston, Kirsten 1967 -
Johnston, Robert Alexander 1846 - 1907
Johnston, Robert G. 1957
Johnston, Rod
Joliet, Louis
Jolliet, Louis 1645 - 1700
Jonas, Charles 1840 - 1896
Jones, Benjamin 1795 - 1881
Jones, Burr W. 1846 - 1935
Jones, Chester Lloyd 1881 - 1941
Jones, George W. (1853 - 1935)
Jones, George Wallace 1804 - 1896
Jones, Granville Duane 1856 - 1924
Jones, James Monroe 1824 - 1898
Jones, Jenkin Lloyd 1843 - 1918
Jones, John Reynolds (1851 - 1928)
Jones, Joseph E. 1914
Jones, Lewis Ralph 1864 - 1945
Jones, Milo Cornelius 1849 - 1919
Jones, Nellie [Sawyer] Kedzie 1858 - 1956
Jones, William Arthur 1844 - 1912
Joss, Addie 1880 - 1911
Juday, Chancey 1871 - 1944
Judd, Truman H. 1817 - 1884
Juneau, Solomon 1793 - 1856
Jung, Phillip 1845 - 1911
Junkermann, Otto C.
Jussen, Edmund 1830-1891

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