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Search Results for: Definition: 'la crosse', Term Type: 'People'

Term: Washburn, Gov. Cadwallader Colden (1818-1882)

Definition:

b. Livermore, Maine, April 22, 1818
d. Eureka Springs, Arkansas, May 15, 1882

Cadwallader Colden (C.C.) Washburn was a U.S. Congressman, Civil War officer, industrial empire builder and founder of General Mills, and 11th governor of Wisconsin. Few people of his generation had as much influence on Wisconsin history.

Early Life

Washburn grew up in Maine. He taught school there before moving to the Midwest to seek his fortune. He worked in Iowa and studied law in Rock Island, Illinois, before settling in Mineral Point, Wisconsin, in 1842. He opened a law practice, founded a bank, and acquired a vast amount of northern Wisconsin forest.

Washburn, a Republican, served in the U.S. Congress from 1855-1861, and again after the Civil War, 1867-1870 (five terms in all). At the same time, he broadened his business operations in banking and real estate. Early in 1861 he moved to La Crosse and was sent as a delegate to an unsuccessful peace convention held in Washington, D.C., that had hoped to prevent the impending Civil War.

Civil War Service

After the outbreak of hostilities, Washburn accepted an appointment as colonel of the 2nd Wisconsin Cavalry, on October 10, 1861. The following spring he led it south into Arkansas to join Union forces in the West.

Washburn was promoted to brigadier general in June 1862.  He took command of not only of his regiment, but also the entire 2nd Cavalry Brigade. On July 7, 1862, it defeated Confederate forces at Cotton Plant, Arkansas, and then marched east to take possession of Helena, Arkansas. From there it supported the Union campaign against Vicksburg, Mississippi. In March 1863 Washburn was commissioned a major general with command over all Union cavalry in West Tennessee, headquartered at Memphis.

After the Siege of Vicksburg in the summer of 1863, Washburn’s command was moved to New Orleans. In August he led 16,000 men in support of the Red River Expedition, occupying and pacifying large areas along the Texas Coast. He spent most of 1864 and the spring of 1865 in command at Memphis and Vicksburg.

Postwar Career

After leaving the military in May 1865, Washburn returned to La Crosse and served again in Congress, from 1867 to 1870.

He was elected governor of Wisconsin in the fall of 1871 and served from 1872-1874. At that time, there was movement by farmers for government regulation of railroads to alleviate the monopolies of railroad barons.  Washburn made some decisions that alienated the farmers, railroad barons and other constituents. This, combined with his veto of a popular construction project, led to his defeat in the 1873 gubernatorial election. After an unsuccessful bid for the U.S. Senate in 1875, Washburn retired from politics.

Afterward, Washburn devoted himself to business enterprises. In 1866, he opened his first flour mill in Minneapolis, Minnesota, which became known as General Mills. It was spectacularly successful and flourished for over a century. He also worked in the lumber industry and helped secure the construction of the Minneapolis and St. Louis railroad.

Washburn served as a regent of the University of Wisconsin and president of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. He died in Eureka Springs, Arkansas, on May 15, 1882, while recuperating from an illness.

Links to Learn More

Biography of Gov. Washburn by Albert Kelsey in the Wisconsin Magazine of History, vol. 88, no. 4, (2005)

Sketch of Gen. Washburn’s Civil War service by E.B. Quiner in his book, "Military History of Wisconsin" (Chicago, 1866), pages 980-981.

[Source: Dictionary of Wisconsin Biography (Madison, 1965); Love, William D. Wisconsin in the War of the Rebellion (Madison, 1866): 743-746, 895-896; Quiner, E.B. Military History of Wisconsin (Chicago, 1866: 408-409.]

112 records found

Anderson, Wendell Abraham 1840 - 1929
Arnold, Alexander Ahab 1833 - 1915
Bailey, Col. Joseph (1826-1867)
Bashford, Coles 1816 - 1878
Bean, Jacob Linsley 1809 - 1855
Bice, Raymond C. 1896
Boardman, Maj. Frederick A. (1832-1863)
Bosshard, Otto 1876 - 1943
Brayton, Aaron Martin 1872 - 1949
Brunson, Alfred 1793 - 1882
Burns, Timothy 1820 - 1853
Byers, Mark Rhea 1892 - 1950
Cameron, Angus 1826 - 1897
Candrian, Adolph 1850 - 1929
Cargill, William Wallace 1844 - 1909
Cary, John Watson 1817 - 1895
Catholics in Wisconsin
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints in Wis
Clements, Sylvester G. 1936
Coburn, Frank Potter 1858 - 1932
Cole, Harry Ellsworth 1861 - 1928
Colman, Charles Lane 1826 - 1901
Cowie, Robert Somerville 1873 - 1951
Crocker, Hans 1815 - 1889
Czechs in Wisconsin
Czerwinski, Joseph C. 1944
Davidson, William Fuson ["Commodore"] 1825 - 1887
Decorah family
Devitt, James C. 1929
Dutch in Wisconsin
Edwards, Benjamin Eugene 1845 - 1916
Episcopals in Wisconsin
Esch, John Jacob 1861 - 1941
Faville, John 1847 - 1927
Feingold, Russell D. 1953
Freehoff, William Adolph 1889 - 1950
Freethinkers in Wisconsin
Gale, George 1816 - 1868
Gard, John 1963
Gibson, Lawrence R. 1912
Greider, Gerald A. 1923
Griswold, Harry Wilbur 1886 - 1939
Hadley, Jackson 1815 - 1867
Hastings, Samuel Dexter 1816 - 1903
Heileman, Gottlieb 1824 - 1878
Heiss, Michael 1818 - 1890
Hirshheimer, Albert 1840 - 1924
Hixon, Gideon Cooley 1826 - 1892
Huebsch, Michael D. 1964
Jeskewitz, Suzanne 1942
Jews in Wisconsin
Johnson, Samuel Curtis 1833 - 1919
Kellman, Norris J. 1898
Kellogg, Col. John A. (1828 - 1883)
Kilbourn, Byron 1801 - 1870
Kind, Ron 1963
Kneeland, Moses 1809 - 1864
Knowlton, James H. 1813 - 1879
Knutson, Milo G. 1918
Kohl, Herbert H. 1935
Larsen, [Peter) Laur[Entius] 1833 - 1915
Legler, Henry Eduard 1861 - 1917
Leibham, Joseph K. 1969
Levy, John Meyer 1820 - 1910
Litscher, Leroy "Pete" 1939
Low Cloud, Charles Round 1872 - 1949
Lucey, Patrick J. 1918
Maxon, Densmore William 1820 - 1887
Mcgavick, Alexander Joseph 1863 - 1948
Medinger, John Donald 1948
Merkt, John L. 1946
Merrill, Sherburn Sanborn 1818 - 1885
Meyer, Mark 1963
Miller, Andrew Galbraith 1801 - 1874
Mitchell, Alexander 1817 - 1887
Mittness, Lewis T. 1929
Mulder, Leland E. 1925
Musser, Terry M. 1947
Myrick, Nathan 1822 - 1903
Nicholson, Isaac Lea 1884 - 1906
Nuttelman, Norbert 1911
Oestreicher, John C. 1936 - 2011
Offner, Paul 1942
Peck, George Wilbur 1840 - 1916
Peterson, James D.H. 1894
Pomeroy, Marcus Mills ["Brick"] 1833 - 1896
Powell, David Franklin ["White Beaver"] 1847 - 190
Price, William Thompson 1824 - 1886
Quackenbush, Robert L. 1923
Roberts, Virgil 1922
Rude, Brian D. 1955
Sanasarian, Harout O. 1944
Sanford, Albert Hart 1866 - 1956
Schneider, Marlin D. 1942
Schwebach, James 1847 - 1921
Shilling, Jennifer 1969
Stoddard, Thomas Benton 1800 - 1876
Strong, Moses Mccure 1810 - 1894
Taylor, Horace Adolphus 1837 - 1910
Thompson, George 1918
Trane, Reuben Nicholas 1886 - 1954
Ulrich, John 1828 - 1894
Underheim, Gregg 1950
Universalists in Wisconsin
Usher, Ellis Baker 1852 - 1931
Van Meter, Abraham Chenoweth ["Abe C."] 1842 - 189
Walker, George H. 1811 - 1866
Wartinbee, D. Russell 1903
Washburn, Gov. Cadwallader Colden (1818-1882)
Wells, Daniel Jr. 1808 - 1902
Withrow, Gardner R. 1892
Woodward, Gilbert Motier 1835 - 1914

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