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Dictionary of Wisconsin History

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Search Results for: Keyword: 'la follette'

Term: Schilling, Robert 1843 - 1922

Definition:

labor leader, reformer, newspaperman, politician, b. Osterburg, Saxony. He migrated with his family to the U.S. and St. Louis in 1846. There he began union activities in 1863 when he joined the first cooper's union in Missouri. In 1871 he was elected 1st vice-president of the Coopers' International, moved to Cleveland, Ohio, and there edited the German-language edition of Coopers' Journal. In 1873 he was elected president of the national Industrial Congress, and in 1874, president of the Coopers' International. An ardent advocate of paper currency, Schilling was one of the founders of the Greenback party and was for several years Ohio state chairman of the party, editing various Greenback newspapers in that state. In 1880 he moved to Wisconsin, settling first in Oshkosh and shortly thereafter in Milwaukee, where he edited the German-language newspapers Der Reformer and Volksblatt. Active in the Knights of Labor since 1875, Schilling became state organizer for Wisconsin in 1881, and a national leader of the order. In 1885 and 1886 he led the Knights to a position of unprecedented, if short-lived, power in the state, culminating in 1886 when labor candidates swept all Milwaukee County political offices and elected Henry Smith (q.v.) to Congress. In the same year, however, a deep cleavage was already evidenced in Milwaukee labor ranks between conservative "populist" leaders like Schilling and the more militant socialist elements headed by men like Paul Grottkau (q.v.), and the violence in the Milwaukee city-wide strikes of 1886 only tended to widen the breach. In 1888 Schilling was national secretary of the Union Labor party, and in 1891 helped to organize the national People's (Populist) party, becoming its first national secretary. He headed the People's party in Wisconsin from 1892 to 1900, and in 1890 began publication of The Advance, a weekly newspaper devoted to municipal reform. With the growing strength of socialism in the Milwaukee political scene, Schilling tended to align himself ever more closely with the Populist and Democratic parties. Although he led the fight against the nomination of Democrat William Jennings Bryan at the Populist national convention of 1896, he campaigned actively for Bryan after his nomination, and in the same year Schilling himself was the unsuccessful Congressional candidate of the combined Democrat and Populist parties in the famous "sauerkraut" campaign. Refusing to support the emerging Social Democratic (Socialist) party in the Milwaukee campaign of 1898, Schilling engineered a fusion ticket (Democrat-Populist), which brought about the first election of David S. Rose (q.v.) as mayor of Milwaukee. In the same year Schilling failed to secure the Democratic nomination for Congress, ran unsuccessfuIly as Populist candidate, and two years later retired from active politics, discontinued his newspapers, and entered the milk business. He spent the remaining years of his life as a lecturer and advocate of Spiritualism, emerging only once from political retirement (1917) to support Robert M. La Follette, Sr. (q.v.), in his opposition to World War I, and to speak in behalf of his old political rival, Socialist Victor L. Berger (q.v.). M. Small, "Biog. of R. Schilling" [Unpub. M.A. thesis, Univ. of Wis., 1953; C. M. Destler, Amer. Radicalism (New London, Conn., 1946); B. Still, Milwaukee (Madison, 1948); Milwaukee Vorwaerts, Dec. 30, 1922; Milwaukee Sentinel, Dec. 27, 1922.

The Wisconsin Historical Society has manuscripts related to this topic. See the catalog description of the Robert Schilling Papers for details.

[Source: Dictionary of Wisconsin biography]

92 records found

Armstrong Creek, Town of, Forest Co.
Babcock, Joseph Weeks 1850 - 1909
Baensch, Emil 1857 - 1939
Baker, Ray Stannard [David Grayson] 1870 - 1946
Bancroft, Levi Horace 1861 - 1948
Barton, Albert Olaus 1870 - 1947
Beck, Joseph David 1866 - 1936
Berceau, Terese 1950
Blaine, John James 1873 - 1934
Bolens, Harry Wilbur 1864 - 1944
Bosshard, Otto 1876 - 1943
Brown [Willis], Olympia 1835 - 1926
Bryant, George Edwin 1832 - 1907
Capitol fire (1904)
Carpenter, Tim
Chvala, Chuck 1954
Chynoweth, Herbert William 1848 - 1906
Commons, John Rogers 1862 - 1945
Connor, William Duncan 1864 - 1944
conservation movement
Cook, Samuel Andrew 1849 - 1918
Crownhart, Charles Henry 1863 - 1930
Damann, Theodore 1869 - 1946
Davidson, James O. 1854 - 1922
Duff, Marc C. 1961
Ekern, Herman Lewis 1872 - 1954
Frank, Glenn 1887 - 1940
Frear, James Archibald 1861 - 1939
Gale, Zona 1874 - 1938
Ganfield, William Arthur 1873 - 1940
Gelatt, Roland Bernard 1856 - 1917
governors
Haight, Theron Wilber 1840 - 1913
Handley, John Joseph 1876 - 1941
Hannan, John Joseph 1866 - 1946
Hatton, William H. 1856 - 1937
Haugen, Nils Pederson 1849 - 1931
Heil, Julius Peter 1876 - 1949
Hoard, William Dempster 1836 - 1918
Holmes, Frederick Lionel 1883 - 1946
Hough, Maxine 1961
Houser, Walter L. 1855 - 1928
Huber, Henry Allen 1869 - 1933
Hull, Merlin 1870 - 1953
James, Ada Lois 1876 - 1952
Kading, Charles August 1874 - 1956
Kohler, Walter Jodok 1875 - 1940
Kronshage, Theodore Jr. 1869 - 1934
Krumrey, Henry 1852 - 1922
La Follette, Belle Case, 1859-1931
La Follette, Bronson C. 1936
La Follette, Douglas J.
La Follette, Philip Fox, 1897-1965
La Follette, Robert Marion Sr. (1855-1925)(Histori
La Follette, Robert Marion Sr. 1855 - 1925
La Follette, Robert Marion, Jr., 1895 - 1953
La Follette, Town of, Burnett Co.
La Follette, Town of, Forest Co.
Lafollette
Lassa, Julie M. 1970
Lenroot, Irvine Luther 1869 - 1949
Levitan, Solomon 1862 - 1940
Mccarthy, Charles 1873 - 1921
Mcgovern, Francis Edward 1866 - 1946
Myrick, Harry Pierce 1857 - 1916
Odell, Emery Alvin 1871 - 1953
Olbrich, Michael Balthasar 1881 - 1929
Payne, Henry Clay 1843 - 1904
Pettis, Mark L. 1950
Pfister, Charles [Frederick] 1859 - 1927
Philipp, Emanuel Lorenz 1861 - 1925
primary elections in Wisconsin
Progressive Movement
Sawyer, Philetus 1816 - 1900
Schilling, Robert 1843 - 1922
Schmedeman, Albert George 1864 - 1946
Scofield, Edward 1842 - 1925
Siebecker, Robert George 1854 - 1922
Sinicki, Christine 1960
Skindrud, Richard A. 1944
Spooner, John Coit 1843 - 1919
Stephenson, Isaac 1829 - 1918
Stevens, Edmond Ray 1869 - 1930
Teasdale, Howard (1855 - 1936)
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1900 -1999
Tittemore, James Nelson 1864 - 1949
Travis, David M. 1948
Von Cotzhausen, Frederick William 1838 - 1924
Whitehead, John Meek 1852 - 1924
Wilcox, Roy Porter 1873 - 1946
Wilder, Amos Parker 1862 - 1936
Youmans, Theodora Winton, 1863 - 1932

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