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Term: Perrot, Nicolas 1644 - 1717

Definition:

explorer, fur trader, b. France. He migrated to New France (Canada) at an early age, and there entered the service of Jesuit missionaries, traveling with the priests, learning Indian languages, and becoming acquainted with wilderness life. He later spent two years in Montreal. In 1667 Perrot and a partner signed a contract for a trading voyage to the Ottawa country, and while on this trip became the first white traders to visit the Algonquin tribes of Wisconsin. Working to break the trade monopoly of the Ottawas over the western tribes, Perrot visited the Potawatomi in 1668, opened direct trade relations, and established himself as an Indian diplomat by settling a dispute between the Potawatomi and the Menominee. He also visited the Outagami, Mascouten, and Miami tribes, and in 1670 returned to Montreal with a valuable cargo of furs. In 1671 he visited Green Bay, and secured Indian delegates for the ceremony of annexation at Sault Ste. Marie by which France acquired the western country. One of the leading figures during the French regime in Wisconsin and the West, Perrot frequently organized Indian allies in campaigns against the Iroquois. In 1685 he was made commandant of the West, and probably in the same year built Fort St. Nicolas at the mouth of the Wisconsin River. He spent the winter of 1685-1686 in a trading post at Mount Trempealeau, and in 1686 built Fort St. Antoine on Lake Pepin where he opened a profitable trade with the Sioux. On May 8, 1689, Perrot took formal possession of the upper Mississippi region for France in a ceremony at Fort St. Antoine. Perrot continued to be a leading fur trader in the area until 1696, when he was financially ruined by a royal ordinance revoking all licenses in the trade. Returning to Canada deeply in debt, he devoted his later years to writing his experiences, but only one memoir has survived (published in Paris in 1867). One of the most capable French leaders in the western area, Perrot's influence over the western tribes helped greatly to check the power of the Iroquois against the French. Perrot State Park, at the site of his Mount Trempealeau post, is named in his honor. Dict. Amer. Biog.; L. P. Kellogg, French Regime in Wis. . . . (Madison, 1925); Proc. State Hist. Soc. Wis., 1915 (1916); WPA MS.

The Wisconsin Historical Society has manuscripts related to this topic. See the catalog description of the Nicolas Perrot Chronology for details.

View Perrot's account of 1690-1691 from La Potherie's book at Wisconsin Historical Collections.

[Source: Dictionary of Wisconsin biography]

114 records found

Pabst, Frederick 1836 - 1904
Pabst, Gustave G. 1866 - 1943
Pabst, Norman W. 1905 - 1989
Pabst, Richard E. 1933
Packard, Wesley L. 1918
Padway, Joseph Arthur 1891 - 1947
Paeschke, Charles August 1857 - 1935
Paine, Byron 1827 - 1871
Paine, Col. Halbert E. (1826-1905)
Paine, Edward Lathrop 1801 - 1893
Palmer, Henry 1827 - 1895
Palmer, Henry L. 1819 - 1909
Palmer, William Fink 1855 - 1933
Panys
Panzer, Frank E. 1890
Panzer, Mary E. 1951
Paquette, Pierre 1799? - 1836
Park, Byron Beach 1858 - 1939
Park, Roswell 1807 - 1869
Parker, George Safford 1863 - 1937
Parkhurst, Helen 1887 - 1973
Parkin, John 1918
Parkinson, Daniel Morgan 1790 - 1868
Parys, Ronald G. 1938
Patton, James Edward 1832 - 1904
Patzer, Conrad E. 1862 - 1932
Paul, George Howard 1826 - 1890
Paul, Les 1915 - 2009
Paulson, David E. 1931
Paxson, Frederick Logan 1877 - 1948
Payne, Henry Clay 1843 - 1904
Peabody, Arthur 1858 - 1942
Peavey [Peavy], Hubert Haskell 1881 - 1937
Peck, George Wilbur 1840 - 1916
Peck, Roseline [Willard] [Mrs. Eben Peck) 1808 - 1
Peckham, Elizabeth Maria Gifford 1854 - 1940
Peckham, Elizabeth ["Lila"] 1843 - 1871
Peckham, George Williams 1845 - 1914
Pelecky, Stan T. 1934
Pellant, Howard F. 1911
Peloquin, Bruce S. 1936
Pennings, Bernard Henry 1861 - 1955
Peorias
Pepikokias
Perala, Reino A. 1915
Percival, James Gates 1795 - 1856
Perrot, Nicolas 1644 - 1717
Perry, Melvin Withington 1864 - 1951
Petak, George 1949
Peter, George 1859 - 1950
Peterson, Francis L. 1904
Peterson, James D.H. 1894
Peterson, Merlin J. 1901
Peterson, Richard E. 1920
Petri, Thomas E. 1940
Petrowski, Jerry 1950
Pettis, Mark L. 1950
Petuns
Pfister, Charles [Frederick] 1859 - 1927
Pfister, Guido 1818 - 1889
Philipp, Emanuel Lorenz 1861 - 1925
Phillips, Vel 1924
Piankeshaws
Pickard, Josiah Little 1824 - 1914
Pier, Kate [Hamilton] 1845 - 1925
Pierce, Solon Wesley 1831 - 1903
Pinney, Silas U. 1833 - 1899
Pious, Lois 1938
Pitt, Yvonne (Yvonnie, Vonnie) Jean b. 1928-
Plache, Kimberly M. 1961
Plale, Jeffrey T. 1968
Plankinton, John 1820 - 1891
Plantz, Samuel 1859 - 1924
Plewa, John R. 1945
Plombon, David 1961
Plouff, Joe 1950
Pocan, Mark 1964
Poles in Wisconsin
Pomeroy, Marcus Mills ["Brick"] 1833 - 1896
Pommerening, Glen E. 1927
Pond, James Burton 1838 - 1903
Pontiac, Ottawa Chief, 1720?-1769
Pope-Roberts, Sondy 1950
Poplawski, Stephen J. 1885 - 1956
Porlier, Jacques 1765 - 1839
Porter, Cloyd A. 1935
Potawatomi Indians
Potter, Calvin 1945
Potter, John Fox 1817 - 1899
Potter, John M. 1924
Potter, Rosemary 1952
Pound, Thaddeus Coleman 1833 - 1914
Powell, David Franklin ["White Beaver"] 1847 - 190
Power, Frederick Belding 1853 - 1927
Powers, Mike 1962
Pratt, Morris (1820-1902)
Presbyterians in Wisconsin
Preus, Adolph Carl 1814 - 1878
Preus, Herman Amberg 1825 - 1894
Price, William Thompson 1824 - 1886
Priebe, Kenneth E. 1912
Pritchard, John 1884
Pritzlaff, Fred C. 1861 - 1931
Pritzlaff, John 1820 - 1900
Prophet, The (Shawnee), 1768-1834
Prophet, The (Winnebago)
Prosser, Jr., David T. 1942
Protheroe, Daniel 1866 - 1934
Prown, Katherine Hemple 1963 -
Proxmire, William 1915-
Puelicher, John Huegin 1869 - 1935
Puerto Ricans in Wisconsin
Purdy, William T. 1882 - 1918
Putnam, Henry Cleveland 1832 - 1912

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