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Dictionary of Wisconsin History

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Term: Philipp, Emanuel Lorenz 1861 - 1925

Definition: businessman, politician, governor, b. Sauk County. He taught country school for a time, and in 1880 became a railroad telegrapher at Baraboo. He was later transferred to Milwaukee, and from 1889 to 1902 held various executive positions with the Gould system lines and with the Schlitz Brewing Co. and its affiliates. He managed a lumber and stave company in Mississippi (1894-1902), and founded the town of Philipp, Tallahatchie County, Miss. In 1903 he organized the Union Refrigerator Transit Co. of Wisconsin, purchasing the equipment of the URT of Ky. (a Gould family property), and eventually built the firm into one of the most successful refrigerator transit companies in the country. A Republican, Philipp supported Robert M. La Follette, Sr. (q.v.), for the governorship in 1900, and assisted in forming a coalition that led to La Follette's nomination and election. With other conservative Republicans, however, he soon grew dissatisfied with La Follette's tax policies, especially in respect to railroads, broke with him in 1901, and after 1904 became one of the ablest leaders of the Stalwart faction of the party. Philipp was the author of The Truth about Wisconsin Freight Rates (1904) and Political Reform in Wisconsin (1910), both books criticizing La Follette's progressive program. In 1914, with the Progressive faction of the Republican party badly split, Philipp was successful in winning the Republican gubernatorial nomination, and in Nov., 1914, was elected governor. He was twice re-elected, and served from Jan., 1915, to Jan., 1921. Although at first charged by some of the progressive leaders with corruption and too great an interest in the railroads, Philipp's scrupulous integrity could never really be challenged. During his administration he favored reduction of expenditures and limitations on independent boards; he provided state aid for the improvement of rural schools; he established the state system of accounting, the State Department of Agriculture, and the State Conservation Commission. With the threat of World War I imminent, Philipp favored neutrality, but vigorously supported the war effort once the U.S. was involved. He organized the state council of defense, and the state food administration, and equipped the Wisconsin National Guard for federal service. As much as any man, Philipp was successful in combatting the violent war hysteria of the time, and was elected to his third term on a platform that both supported the war effort and upheld constitutional liberties. Philipp was also instrumental in establishing a four-year medical course at the Univ. of Wisconsin and in constructing the Wisconsin General Hospital. He was not a candidate for re-election in 1920 and, after leaving the governor's office, retired to his home in Milwaukee where he served as regent of Marquette Univ., and was a director of the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul R.R. R. S. Maxwell, Emanuel L. Philipp (Madison, 1959); Dict. Amer. Biog.; Milwaukee Sentinel, June 16, 1925; E. L. Philipp Papers.

[Source: Dictionary of Wisconsin biography]

114 records found

Pabst, Frederick 1836 - 1904
Pabst, Gustave G. 1866 - 1943
Pabst, Norman W. 1905 - 1989
Pabst, Richard E. 1933
Packard, Wesley L. 1918
Padway, Joseph Arthur 1891 - 1947
Paeschke, Charles August 1857 - 1935
Paine, Byron 1827 - 1871
Paine, Col. Halbert E. (1826-1905)
Paine, Edward Lathrop 1801 - 1893
Palmer, Henry 1827 - 1895
Palmer, Henry L. 1819 - 1909
Palmer, William Fink 1855 - 1933
Panys
Panzer, Frank E. 1890
Panzer, Mary E. 1951
Paquette, Pierre 1799? - 1836
Park, Byron Beach 1858 - 1939
Park, Roswell 1807 - 1869
Parker, George Safford 1863 - 1937
Parkhurst, Helen 1887 - 1973
Parkin, John 1918
Parkinson, Daniel Morgan 1790 - 1868
Parys, Ronald G. 1938
Patton, James Edward 1832 - 1904
Patzer, Conrad E. 1862 - 1932
Paul, George Howard 1826 - 1890
Paul, Les 1915 - 2009
Paulson, David E. 1931
Paxson, Frederick Logan 1877 - 1948
Payne, Henry Clay 1843 - 1904
Peabody, Arthur 1858 - 1942
Peavey [Peavy], Hubert Haskell 1881 - 1937
Peck, George Wilbur 1840 - 1916
Peck, Roseline [Willard] [Mrs. Eben Peck) 1808 - 1
Peckham, Elizabeth Maria Gifford 1854 - 1940
Peckham, Elizabeth ["Lila"] 1843 - 1871
Peckham, George Williams 1845 - 1914
Pelecky, Stan T. 1934
Pellant, Howard F. 1911
Peloquin, Bruce S. 1936
Pennings, Bernard Henry 1861 - 1955
Peorias
Pepikokias
Perala, Reino A. 1915
Percival, James Gates 1795 - 1856
Perrot, Nicolas 1644 - 1717
Perry, Melvin Withington 1864 - 1951
Petak, George 1949
Peter, George 1859 - 1950
Peterson, Francis L. 1904
Peterson, James D.H. 1894
Peterson, Merlin J. 1901
Peterson, Richard E. 1920
Petri, Thomas E. 1940
Petrowski, Jerry 1950
Pettis, Mark L. 1950
Petuns
Pfister, Charles [Frederick] 1859 - 1927
Pfister, Guido 1818 - 1889
Philipp, Emanuel Lorenz 1861 - 1925
Phillips, Vel 1924
Piankeshaws
Pickard, Josiah Little 1824 - 1914
Pier, Kate [Hamilton] 1845 - 1925
Pierce, Solon Wesley 1831 - 1903
Pinney, Silas U. 1833 - 1899
Pious, Lois 1938
Pitt, Yvonne (Yvonnie, Vonnie) Jean b. 1928-
Plache, Kimberly M. 1961
Plale, Jeffrey T. 1968
Plankinton, John 1820 - 1891
Plantz, Samuel 1859 - 1924
Plewa, John R. 1945
Plombon, David 1961
Plouff, Joe 1950
Pocan, Mark 1964
Poles in Wisconsin
Pomeroy, Marcus Mills ["Brick"] 1833 - 1896
Pommerening, Glen E. 1927
Pond, James Burton 1838 - 1903
Pontiac, Ottawa Chief, 1720?-1769
Pope-Roberts, Sondy 1950
Poplawski, Stephen J. 1885 - 1956
Porlier, Jacques 1765 - 1839
Porter, Cloyd A. 1935
Potawatomi Indians
Potter, Calvin 1945
Potter, John Fox 1817 - 1899
Potter, John M. 1924
Potter, Rosemary 1952
Pound, Thaddeus Coleman 1833 - 1914
Powell, David Franklin ["White Beaver"] 1847 - 190
Power, Frederick Belding 1853 - 1927
Powers, Mike 1962
Pratt, Morris (1820-1902)
Presbyterians in Wisconsin
Preus, Adolph Carl 1814 - 1878
Preus, Herman Amberg 1825 - 1894
Price, William Thompson 1824 - 1886
Priebe, Kenneth E. 1912
Pritchard, John 1884
Pritzlaff, Fred C. 1861 - 1931
Pritzlaff, John 1820 - 1900
Prophet, The (Shawnee), 1768-1834
Prophet, The (Winnebago)
Prosser, Jr., David T. 1942
Protheroe, Daniel 1866 - 1934
Prown, Katherine Hemple 1963 -
Proxmire, William 1915-
Puelicher, John Huegin 1869 - 1935
Puerto Ricans in Wisconsin
Purdy, William T. 1882 - 1918
Putnam, Henry Cleveland 1832 - 1912

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