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Term: Jones, George Wallace 1804 - 1896

Definition:

pioneer settler, miner, politician, U.S. Senator from Iowa, diplomat, b. Vincennes, Ind. He graduated from Transylvania Univ., Lexington, Ky. (1825), and was admitted to the bar in 1826. In 1827 he moved to Wisconsin (then Michigan Territory), and settled near Sinsinawa Mound, Grant County, where he engaged in lead mining, smelting, and merchandising. A Democrat, Jones was delegate to Congress from Michigan Territory (1835-1836), and in this capacity was instrumental in securing the organization of Wisconsin Territory, as well as the appointment of Henry Dodge (q.v.) as territorial governor. He was Congressional delegate from Wisconsin Territory (1836-Jan. 18 39) but was defeated by James D. Doty (q.v.) in the election of 1838, partly because of his participation as a second in the fatal Graves-Cilley duel. Jones continued to hold his seat in Congress, claiming that his term of office had not expired. Doty contested this position, and Congress decided in Doty's favor. In 1840 Jones was appointed surveyor general of Iowa and Wisconsin territories, and held this office from 1840 to 1841 and from 1846 to 1848. After 1846 he made his home permanently in Dubuque. He was one of the first U.S. Senators representing the new state of Iowa in Congress (Dec. 1848-Mar. 1859). A Democrat of the old tradition, Jones had strong Southern sympathies and at one time had been a slave owner himself. In the Senate he supported the Compromise of 1850 and the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, but his insistence on supporting the proslavery Lecompton Constitution for Kansas in 1858 cost him the Democratic nomination for the Senate in that year. In 1859 he was appointed by President Buchanan as U.S. minister to New Granada (Colombia) and served in Bogota until recalled by President Lincoln in 1861. On his return to the U.S., Jones was imprisoned by order of Secretary Seward for allegedly writing a treasonable letter to Confederate leader, Jefferson Davis. Although indiscreet in writing to his old school-mate, Jones' letter was far from treasonable, and he was released by order of President Lincoln after serving two months. He returned to Iowa in an attempt to vindicate himself, but his political career was ended. He lived in retirement in Dubuque until his death. Dict. Amer. Biog.; J. C. Parish, G. W. Jones (Iowa City, 1912); Biog. Dir. Amer. Gong. (1928).

The Wisconsin Historical Society has manuscripts related to this topic. See the catalog description of the George Wallace Jones Papers for details. See also the George Wallace Jones Miscellaneous Items.

[Source: Dictionary of Wisconsin biography]

68 records found

Jackamonis, Ed G. 1939
Jackson, James Albert 1840 - 1921
Jackson, Joseph 1812 - 1881
Jackson, Jr., Robert L. 1936
Jackson, Mortimer Melville 1809 - 1889
Jacobs, Herbert Henry 1864 - 1948
Jacobs, William Henry 1831 - 1882
Jahnke, Franklin M. 1900
James, Ada Lois 1876 - 1952
James, Edwin, 1797-1861 
Janssen, Edward H. 1815 - 1877
Jaronitzky, June 1938
Jarreau, Al 1940 -
Jastrow, Joseph 1863 - 1944
Jauch, Robert 1945
Jefferson, Thomas (descendants in Wisconsin)
Jeffery, Thomas B. 1845 - 1910
Jenkins, James Graham 1834 - 1921
Jenkins, John James 1843 - 1911
Jens, Salome 1935 -
Jensen, Scott R. 1960
Jeskewitz, Suzanne 1942
Jewett, Milo Parker 1808 - 1882
Jews in Wisconsin
Jogues, Fr. Isaac, 1607-1646
Johnson, Alfred Stanley, jr. 1863 - 1932
Johnson, Burdette Jay 1826 - 1902
Johnson, Daniel Harris 1825 - 1900
Johnson, Gary K. 1939
Johnson, Jay W. 1943
Johnson, John Anders 1832 - 1901
Johnson, John, dates unverified
Johnson, Lawrence H. 1908
Johnson, Lester R. 1901
Johnson, Raymond C. 1936
Johnson, Robert I. 1928
Johnson, Samuel Curtis 1833 - 1919
Johnson, Warren S. 1847 - 1911
Johnson, William A. 1922
Johnsrud, Duwayne 1943
Johnston, Kirsten 1967 -
Johnston, Robert Alexander 1846 - 1907
Johnston, Robert G. 1957
Johnston, Rod
Joliet, Louis
Jolliet, Louis 1645 - 1700
Jonas, Charles 1840 - 1896
Jones, Benjamin 1795 - 1881
Jones, Burr W. 1846 - 1935
Jones, Chester Lloyd 1881 - 1941
Jones, George W. (1853 - 1935)
Jones, George Wallace 1804 - 1896
Jones, Granville Duane 1856 - 1924
Jones, James Monroe 1824 - 1898
Jones, Jenkin Lloyd 1843 - 1918
Jones, John Reynolds (1851 - 1928)
Jones, Joseph E. 1914
Jones, Lewis Ralph 1864 - 1945
Jones, Milo Cornelius 1849 - 1919
Jones, Nellie [Sawyer] Kedzie 1858 - 1956
Jones, William Arthur 1844 - 1912
Joss, Addie 1880 - 1911
Juday, Chancey 1871 - 1944
Judd, Truman H. 1817 - 1884
Juneau, Solomon 1793 - 1856
Jung, Phillip 1845 - 1911
Junkermann, Otto C.
Jussen, Edmund 1830-1891

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