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Term: Red Bird, Ho-Chunk chief, 1788 - 1828

Definition:

(Note: birth date given in original as "ca. 1788.") Ho-Chunk chief. He was for many years one of the most friendly and trusted of the Wisconsin Indians. In the late 1820's Red Bird and his followers began to grow uneasy over the encroachments of lead miners on Indian land. The tribe was also disturbed by the mistaken belief that two Ho-Chunk had been put to death at Fort Snelling in 1826 for a murder they did not commit. Near Prairie du Chien on June 28, 1827, Red Bird and three companions followed the Indian code of revenge and under the influence of liquor murdered Registre Gagnier and Solomon Lipcap and seriously injured Gagnier's infant daughter. The Indians fled after Gagnier's wife and son escaped and gave the alarm in Prairie du Chien. On June 30, 1827, a band of Ho-Chunk fired on the Wisconsin River keelboat "Oliver Perry" killing two of the crew and wounding several others. With an Indian war threatening, the militia was mobilized and federal troops were dispatched to Prairie du Chien from Jefferson Barracks, Mo. To avert a general war, Red Bird and his companions surrendered at Portage on Sept. 2, 1827. Although the chief expected the dignity of being put to death, he was instead taken to Prairie du Chien where he died in prison. Several months later the other Indians were pardoned. One of the most dramatic incidents in Wisconsin history, the surrender of the proud and handsome chief became the subject of stories, paintings, and plays. Colls. State Hist. Soc. Wis., 5 (1868); P. L. Scanlan, Prairie du Chien ([Menasha, Wis.] 1937); A. E. Smith, James Duane Doty (Madison [1954]); WPA MS.

View pictures relating to Ho-Chunk Indians at Wisconsin Historical Images.

[Source: Dictionary of Wisconsin biography]

98 records found

Race, John A. 1914
Radcliffe, John Q. 1920
Radcliffe, Margaret Porter
Radisson, Pierre Esprit 1636 - 1710
Radosevich, Michele G. 1947
Radtke, Randall J. 1951
Rafn, Carl Christian, 1795-1864
Ragueneau, Fr. Paul, 1608-1680
Randall, Clifford Ellsworth 1876 - 1934
Randall, Gov. Alexander W. (1819-1872)
Rankin, Joseph 1833 - 1886
Rankin, Walter Laurie 1841 - 1910
Raskin, Ellen 1928 - 1984
Rasmusen, Holger B. 1894
Read, Sister Joel (Janice) 1926 -
Reaume, Charles 1752 - 1821
Reber, Louis Ehrhart 1858 - 1948
Red Bird, Ho-Chunk chief, 1788 - 1828
Reed, Curtis 1815 - 1895
Reed, George 1807 - 1883
Reed, Harrison 1813 - 1899
Reed, William W. 1825 - 1916
Reese, Oliver William, 1924 - 2005
Reformed Churches in Wisconsin
Reger, Fred C. 1916
Rehnquist, William H., 1924-2005
Reich, Frank Albert 1884 - 1946
Reid, Alexander James 1846 - 1910
Reilly, Michael Kieran 1869 - 1944
Reinsch, Paul Samuel 1869 - 1923
Reuss, Henry S. 1912-2002
Rexford, Eben Eugene 1848 - 1916
Reymert, James De Noon 1821 - 1896
Reynolds, Edwin 1831 - 1909
Reynolds, John W. 1921
Reynolds, Martin L. 1950
Reynolds, Tom 1956
Rhoades, Kitty 1951
Rhode, Paul Peter 1871 - 1945
Rice, Ora R. 1885
Rich, Martin 1835 - 1915
Richards, Harry Sanger 1868 - 1929
Richards, Jon 1963
Richardson, Robert Kimball 1876 - 1952
Riddles, Libby (born 1956)
Riehle, Ben A. 1897
Rigaud de Vaudreuil de Cavagnial, Pierre de, Marqu
Rigaud de Vaudreuil, Philippe de, Marquis de Vaudr
Riley, Antonio R. 1963
Rincker, Leroy Carl 1896 - 1953
Rindisbacher, Peter 1806 - 1834
Ringling [Rungeling], Albert 1852 - 1916
Risser, Fred 1927
Roberts, Virgil 1922
Robertson, Alan S. 1941
Robinson, Charles D. 1822 - 1886
Robinson, John H. 1955
Robinson, Robert P. 1884 - 1953
Robson, Judith Biros
Roessler, Carol A. 1948
Roethe, Henry Edgar 1866 - 1939
Rogers, William J. 1930
Roggensack, Patience Drake 1940
Rohan, Sue 1952
Rohl, Edwin C. 1908
Rohner, Henry 1919
Rolette, [Jean] Joseph 1781 - 1842
Rolle, Dale J. 1923
Rolle, Everett E. 1919
Romell, Louis C. 1899
Rooney, James F. 1935
Root, Eleazer 1802 - 1887
Rose, David Stuart 1856 - 1932
Roseleip, Gordon W. 1912
Rosenzweig, Peggy A. 1936
Roshell, Marvin J. 1932
Ross, Edward Allsworth 1866 - 1951
Ross, John Donald 1841 - 1917
Ross, William 1888 - 1951
Roth, Toby 1938
Rothwell, Angus B. 1905
Rountree, John Hawkins 1805 - 1890
Rubin, Ben 1887 - 1942
Rublee, Horace 1829 - 1896
Rude, Brian D. 1955
Rueping [Ruping], William ["Heinrich","Wilhelm"] 1
Ruger, Gen. Thomas H. (1833-1907)
Rusk, Gov. Jeremiah M. (1830-1893)
Russell, Harry Luman 1866 - 1954
Russians in Wisconsin
Rusy, Benjamin Franklin 1894 - 1953
Rutkowski, James A. 1942
Ryan, Edward George 1810 - 1880
Ryan, Mark W. 1924
Ryan, Paul 1970
Ryan, Samuel [Jr.] 1824 - 1907
Ryba, John Joseph 1929
Ryczek, Ervin John 1909

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