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Dictionary of Wisconsin History

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Term: Stockbridge Indians


a community of Mohican Indians who settled in east-central Wisconsin, 1822-1832;  in their own language they called themselves "Moh-he-con-uck" or "people of the waters that are never still" -- referring to the tidal Hudson River in New York, their original homeland. Four communities of Indians in the Hudson Valley (the Algonquian-speaking Mahican, Housatonic, and Wappinger on the east bank and the Delaware-speaking Munsee on the west) moved north in 1735 into western Massachusetts, where they founded a village called Stockbridge; in 1785 they were forced to relocate to Oneida, N.Y., in 1818 to Muncie, Indiana, and in 1822-1832, to Wisconsin. With each government-forced removal the Stockbridge and Munsee had to abandon their newly built homes and farms to start life over again in an uncultivated wilderness. They settled initially near modern Kaukauna but were removed first to the eastern shore of Lake Winnebago (1832) and then to their own land adjoining the Menominee reservation in the vicinity of modern Bowler (1856). Today ca. 1,500 Stockbridge and Munsee live on these tribal lands in Shawano County, and elsewhere throughout the state and nation.

View pictures related to Stockbridge Indians at Wisconsin Historical Images, and many original documents at Turning Points in Wisconsin History.

View a related article at Wisconsin Magazine of History Archives.

[Source: Oberly, James. A Nation of Statesmen. (Univ. of Oklahoma Press, 2005)]
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