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Term: Madison, Dane Co.

Definition:

Part of George Harrison's 1855 Map of Madison (WHi-23644)

The capital city of Wisconsin, located in Dane Co. at latitude 430423N and longitude 0892404W; also, county seat of Dane Co. 

A large collection of pictures, texts and other sources on the city's history is available on our Madison history pages.


Description from John W. Hunt's 1853 Wisconsin Gazetteer: "MADISON, town, the capital of Wisconsin, and seat of justice of the county of Dane, is situated on sections 13, 14, 23 and 24, in town of same name, at the geographical centre of the county, and midway between Lakle Michigan and the Mississippi river, being about 80 miles from each. It is widely noted for the beauty, health and pleasantness of its location, which is on an isthmus about one mile in width, lying between the Third and Fourth Lakes. The surface is somewhat uneven, but in no place too abrupt for building purposes. From either lake it rises to an altitude of about fifty feet, and is then depressed and elevated alternately, making the site of the village a series of gently undulating swells. The State house, a substantial edifice of lime-stone, is built, at the corners of the sections, in the centre of a square park, containing fourteen acres, covered with a luxuriant growth of native oaks, and upon the highest point between the lakes, overlooking each and the surrounding village. It has a large hall through the centre, and contains all of the State offices -- the state library, the legislative chambers, and several committee rooms. The corners of the Capitol square are to the cardinal points of the compass, and from each of them a street extends, terminating, excepting the western, in the water. The streets are all straight, sixty-six feet wide, and, with the exception of those just described, are parallel to the sides of the Capitol square, and, consequently, diagonal with the meridian. From the centre of each side of the park, and at right angles with it and the principal streets, broad avenues, eight rods wide, extend completely across the town plat. At the termination of the street leading from the western corner of the park, and one mile directly west from the Capitol, on College Hill, near the shore of Fourth Lake, and in the middle of a park of fifty-five acres, commanding an extensive view of the town, lakes, and surrounding country, the buildings of the University of Wisconsin are located. Near the southern corner of the Capitol square, the Court House of Dane county, a large structure of lime-stone, containing commodious rooms for courts and county officers, is built. About a mile from the northern corner of the Capitol park, on the shore of Fourth Lake, at its outlet, is the best flouring mill in the State, and other machinery, owned by L. J. Farwell, present Governor of Wisconsin. Near the eastern corner of the square, the Post Office, Bank, Hotels, Stores, and other business stands, are located. The site of the town was located as early as 1833 by James Duane Doty, afterwards Governor of the Territory, and more recently Member of Congress; and the village plat was made out by his direction in 1836. A large addition to this plat was laid out in 1850, near the University, known as the "University Addition." Another addition has just been surveyed, on the northeast, by Governor Farwell, by whom it is owned. Several causes operated to retard the prosperity of Madison until 1847, since which time it has gradually and healthfully increased in growth, wealth, and population. Several railroads are in progress of construction to this place, one at least of which will be completed during the present year, and the others soon after. From its location in the centre of a large agricultural district, having no important rival within a circle of forty miles, and being the permanent Capital of the State, and the seat of the richly endowed University, Madison has special advantages that cannot fail to make it a commanding business point, and a large and flourishing town. To the man of business, the merchant and manufacturer, there are offered great inducements to settle in this thriving and rapidly increasing community. The retired merchant -- the student -- the lover of the picturesque seeking a healthy and pleasant location for a home, is presented the refreshing breezes and pure air of the lakes -- the beautiful scenery, unrivalled in any country -- the quiet of a country residence, united with the social advantages and the excitements of a city, while the great abundance of game in the prairies and openings, and the variety of fish in the lakes and streams, afford a relaxation to all in pursuit of health or pleasure. As the Capital of the State, the shire town of the county, it becomes the great centre of public business, calling together, at frequent intervals, people from all parts of the State and county, at the annual meetings of the legislature, at the session of the courts, the convocations of political conventions, and the sessions of the different benevolent societies of the day. The present population of Madison is about 3,500, with 700 dwellings, 26 stores, 15 groceries, 11 taverns, 2 large printing offices, and a book bindery; a grist mill, with eight run of stone, 3 saw mills, an iron foundry, a woollen factory, an oil mill, 2 steam planing mills, a hominy mill propelled by steam; a bank, the first organized in the State; three churches, with three others to be built during the present season; and mechanical shops of all kinds."

On June 5, 1857, a fire in Madison swept up Washington Avenue from the corner of Webster Street to Bruen's block, burning up six stores and doing $50,000 worth of damage.

View historic pictures of this community at Wisconsin Historical Images.

View related articles at Wisconsin Magazine of History Archives.

View newspaper clippings at Wisconsin Local History and Biography Articles.

[Source: U.S. Geographic Names Information Server; WHS Library reference file]

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330 records found

100 Day Men
Abraham, Henry William 1866 - 1920
Adams, Henry Cullen 1850 - 1906
Albion Academy (Historic Marker)
Allen, Col. Thomas S. (1825-1905)
Allis, Edward Phelps 1824 - 1889
Anderson, Wendell Abraham 1840 - 1929
Arnold, Jonathan Earle 1814 - 1869
Babcock, Joseph Weeks 1850 - 1909
Baensch, Emil 1857 - 1939
Baird, Henry Samuel 1800 - 1875
Baker, Charles Minton 1804 - 1872
Baker, Robert Hall 1839 - 1882
Baldus, Alvin 1926
Barlow, Elmer Elbert 1887 - 1948
Barstow, William Augustus 1813 - 1865
Barstow-Bashford Affair (1856)
Bashford, Coles 1816 - 1878
Bay View Rolling Mill (Historic Marker Erected 198
Beall, Samuel Wooton[?] 1807 - 1868
Beauharnais, Charles, Marquis de
Beauharnois de la Boische, Charles de, Marquis de
Beck, Joseph David 1866 - 1936
Beilfuss, Bruce F. 1915
Belmont (capitol)
Belmont, Village of, Lafayette Co.
Best, Phillip 1814 - 1869
Blaine, John James 1873 - 1934
Bolens, Harry Wilbur 1864 - 1944
Booth, Sherman Miller 1812 - 1904
Borg, George M. (1934 - 1971)
Bovay, Alvan E[arl] 1818 - 1903
Brisay de Denonville, Jacques-René, Marquis de Den
Brisbois, Michael [Michel] 1760 - 1837
Brown County [origin of place name]
Brown, Timothy 1889
Brunson, Alfred 1793 - 1882
Bryant, Edwin Eustace 1835 - 1903
Bryant, George Edwin 1832 - 1907
Buade de Frontenac et de Pallau, Louis de, Comte d
Burchard, George Washington 1835 - 1921
Burmaster, Elizabeth 1954
Burns, Timothy 1820 - 1853
Butte Des Morts (Historic Marker Erected 1955)
Camp Harvey (Historic Marker Erected 1992)
Camp Randall
Camp Randall (Historic Marker Erected 1961)
Capitol fire (1904)
Carver, Jonathan 1710 - 1780
Cass, Lewis, 1782-1866.
Champlain, Samuel de, 1567-1635.
Chase, Warren 1813 - 1891
Civil War: Battle Flags
Clark, Julius Taylor 1814 - 1908
Clark-Halyard, Ardie 1896 - 1989
Cleary, Michael Joseph 1876 - 1947
Coleman, Charles W.
Coleman, William 1878 - 1933
Coles Bashford House (Historic Marker Erected 1975
Connor, William Duncan 1864 - 1944
Cook, Samuel Andrew 1849 - 1918
Coutume de Paris
Crawford County
Crocker, Hans 1815 - 1889
Cross, James B. 1819 - 1876
Crownhart, Charles Henry 1863 - 1930
Czarnezki, Joseph J. 1954
Dailey, Lt. Col. Dennis B. (1840-1898)
Darling, Alberta 1944
Davidson, James (1854-1922)(Historic Marker Erecte
Davidson, James O. 1854 - 1922
Day, Roland B. 1919
death penalty in Wisconsin
Deininger, David G. 1947
Derleth, August W. (1909-1971)(Historic Marker Ere
Dewey, Nelson 1813 - 1889
Dieterich, William Herbert 1897
Dixon, Luther Swift 1825 - 1891
Dodge County [origin of place name]
Dodge's Grove and Fort Union (Historic Marker Erec
Dodge, Henry 1782 - 1867
Dodgeville [brief history]
Dodgeville [origin of place name]
Doodle Book
Doolittle, James Rood 1815 - 1897
Doty, James Duane 1799 - 1865
Doyle, Jim 1945
Dreyfus, Lee Sherman 1926-2008
Duff, Marc C. 1961
Durkee, Charles 1805 - 1870
Earl, Anthony S. 1936
Edgerton, Benjamin Hyde 1811 - 1886
Ekern, Herman Lewis 1872 - 1954
Erpenbach, Jon B. 1961
Evans, Joseph Spragg 1875 - 1948
Fairchild, Col. Cassius (1829–1868)
Fairchild, Gov. Lucius (1831-1896)
Fairchild, Thomas E. 1912
Farrow, Margaret A. 1934
Farwell, Leonard James 1819 - 1889
Fifield [origin of place name]
Fifield, Samuel S. 1839 - 1915
firsts
Flynn, Gerald T. 1910
Flynn, James T. 1944
Fond du Lac [brief history]
Four Lakes, City of the
Fox and Wisconsin River Improvement Company
Frank, Glenn 1887 - 1940
Gale, Zona 1874 - 1938
Gaylord, Adj. Gen. Augustus (1826-1901)
Gilmore, Eugene Allen 1871 - 1953
Goodland, Walter Samuel 1862 - 1947
Governor James Taylor Lewis (1819-1904) (Historic
Governor Lewis (Historic Marker Erected 1995)
Governor Rusk (Historic Marker Erected 1958)
Governor's Commission on Human Rights
Governor's Guard (Civil War)
governors
Graass, Frank N. 1885
Grand Army of the Republic
Greco, Angelo F. 1925
Griffin, Ezra Leonard 1821 - 1892
Groseilliers, Medard Chouart, Sieur Des 1618 - 168
Haldimand, Frederick, 1718-1791
Hambrecht, George Philip 1871 - 1943
Harvey, Cordelia (1824–1895)
Harvey, Cordelia (Historic Marker Erected 1991)
Harvey, Gov. Louis P. (1820-1862)
Haskell, Col. Frank A. (1828-1864)
Hastings, Samuel Dexter 1816 - 1903
Hatton, William H. 1856 - 1937
Haugen, Nils Pederson 1849 - 1931
Heil, Julius Peter 1876 - 1949
Hephner, Gervase A. 1936
Hill, Charles Lewis 1869 - 1957
Hirst, Arthur Roscoe 1881 - 1932
Historic Mineral Point (Historic Marker Erected 19
Hixson, Hiram Frank 1858 - 1894
Hoard, William Dempster 1836 - 1918
Hobart, Col. Harrison C. (1815-1902)
Holton, Edward Dwight 1815 - 1892
Home of Governor Harvey (Historic Marker Erected 1
Hopkins, Benjamin Franklin 1829 - 1870
Horner, John Scott 1802 - 1883
Howe, Timothy Otis 1816 - 1883
Hoxie, Vinnie Ream 1847 - 1914
Hoyt, John Wesley 1831 - 1912
Huber, Henry Allen 1869 - 1933
Hubler, Mary 1952
Huibregtse, Harold F. 1907
Hundred Day Men
Ihde, Herman 1877 - 1943
Industrial Commission
intendant (Fr.)
Jackson, Mortimer Melville 1809 - 1889
James, Ada Lois 1876 - 1952
Janssen, Edward H. 1815 - 1877
Jaronitzky, June 1938
Jensen, Scott R. 1960
Johnson, Gary K. 1939
Jolliet, Louis 1645 - 1700
Jonas, Charles 1840 - 1896
Jones, George Wallace 1804 - 1896
Kanavas, Theodore J. 1961
Kenosha [brief history]
King, Charles 1844 - 1933
Kinzie, John Harris 1803 - 1865
Klusman, Judith 1956
Knowles, Warren P. 1908
Knowlton, James H. 1813 - 1879
Knox, Randall S. 1949
Kohler Strike
Kohler, Walter Jodok 1875 - 1940
Kostuck, John T. 1892
Krusick, Peggy 1956
La Crosse [brief history]
La Crosse, La Crosse Co.
La Fave, John 1949
La Follette, Philip Fox, 1897-1965
La Follette, Robert Marion Sr. (1855-1925)(Histori
La Follette, Robert Marion Sr. 1855 - 1925
La Follette, Robert Marion, Jr., 1895 - 1953
Laird, Melvin R. 1922 -
Land Grant Scandal
Lathan, Raymond Lee 1915
Lautenschlager, Peggy A. 1955
Lawton, Barbara 1951
Lenroot, Irvine Luther 1869 - 1949
Lewis, Gov. James Taylor (1819-1904)
Lewis, James Otto 1799 - 1858
Lewis, Theodore Gorman 1890 - 1934
Litscher, Leroy "Pete" 1939
Loomis, Orland Steen 1893 - 1942
Loucks, Steven 1961
Lucey, Patrick J. 1918
Ludington, Harrison 1812 - 1891
Lynch, Richard J. 1921
Madison, Dane Co.
Martin, Joseph 1878 - 1946
Mcarthur, Arthur 1815 - 1896
McArthur, Gen. Arthur (1845-1912)
Mccallum, Scott 1950
Mccord, Myron Hawley 1840 - 1908
Mcgovern, Francis Edward 1866 - 1946
Menasha [brief history]
Michilimakinac County
Mitchell, Alexander 1817 - 1887
Monahan, James Gideon 1855 - 1923
Moser, William R. 1927
Munson, Oliver Goldsmith 1856 - 1933
Nash, Philleo 1909
Neenah [brief history]
Neenah [origin of place name]
Nelson Dewey-First Governor of Wisconsin (Historic
Nelson, Gaylord A. 1916-2005
Nieman, Lucius William 1857 - 1935
Nordberg, Bruno Victor 1858 - 1924
Olbrich, Michael Balthasar 1881 - 1929
Old Stockade Site (Historic Marker Erected 1954)
Olson, Jack B. 1920
Olson, Russell A. 1924
Onontio
Orton, Harlow South 1817 - 1895
Oshkosh [brief history]
Oshkosh, Menominee chief, 1795 - 1858
Outdoor Recreation Act Program (ORAP)
Palmer, Henry L. 1819 - 1909
Paul, George Howard 1826 - 1890
pause
Peck, George Wilbur 1840 - 1916
Philipp, Emanuel Lorenz 1861 - 1925
Pierre Esprit Radisson and Medart Grosellieres (Hi
Plale, Jeffrey T. 1968
Pommerening, Glen E. 1927
Potter Law (1874)
Pound, Thaddeus Coleman 1833 - 1914
primary elections in Wisconsin
Prohibition
Quick, William F. 1909
Quiner, Edwin Bryant (1816-1868)
Racine [brief history]
Radisson, Pierre Esprit 1636 - 1710
Radisson-Groseilliers Fort (Historic Marker Erecte
Randall, Gov. Alexander W. (1819-1872)
Raymond [origin of place name]
Reaume, Charles 1752 - 1821
Reed, Harrison 1813 - 1899
Reynolds, John W. 1921
Rhoades, Kitty 1951
Rigaud de Vaudreuil de Cavagnial, Pierre de, Marqu
Rigaud de Vaudreuil, Philippe de, Marquis de Vaudr
Ripon [origin of place name]
Robinson, Charles D. 1822 - 1886
Rothwell, Angus B. 1905
Rusk County [origin of place name]
Rusk, Gov. Jeremiah M. (1830-1893)
Ryan, Edward George 1810 - 1880
Salomon, Gov. Edward (1828-1909)
Schmedeman, Albert George 1864 - 1946
Schmidt, Gary J. 1947
Schneiders, Lolita 1931
Schreiber, Martin J. 1939
Schurz, Carl (1829-1906)
Schwartz, Jerome T. 1951
Scofield, Edward 1842 - 1925
Seratti, Lorraine M. 1949
Seymour [origin of place name]
Sholes, Charles Clark 1816 - 1867
Sinking of the Lady Elgin (Historic Marker Erected
slavery in Wisconsin
Smith, George Baldwin 1823 - 1879
Smith, William E. 1824 - 1883
Smith, William Rudolph 1787 - 1868
Smith, Winfield 1827 - 1899
Somers, Peter J. 1850 - 1924
Spooner, John Coit 1843 - 1919
Spooner, Wyman 1795 - 1877
St. Clair, Arthur, 1734-1818
Starkweather, John Converse 1830 - 1890
Steinbrink, John P. 1949
Stephenson, Isaac 1829 - 1918
Stevens, Edmond Ray 1869 - 1930
Stewart, Alva 1821 - 1889
Stitt, Donald K. 1944
Stone, Jeff 1961
Stone, Jesse 1836 - 1902
Stonefield
Sturdevant, Lafayette Monroe 1856 - 1923
Tallmadge, Nathaniel Pitcher 1795 - 1864
Taycheedah [origin of place name]
Taylor County [origin of place name]
Taylor, William Robert 1820 - 1909
territorial governor
Thompson, Barbara 1924
Thompson, Tommy G. 1941
Thomson, Vernon W. 1905
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1622-1699
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1750-1783
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1784-1835
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1836-1899
timeline of Wisconsin history, 1900 -1999
Treaty of the Cedars (Historic Marker Erected 1958
Turner, Robert L. 1947
Tweedy, John Hubbard 1814 - 1891
Upham, Don Alonzo Joshua 1809 - 1877
Upham, William Henry 1841 - 1924
Van Gorden, Heron A. "Pink" 1926
Van Sistine, Jerome 1926
Wallber, Emil 1841 - 1923
Washburn County [origin of place name]
Washburn [origin of place name]
Washburn, Gov. Cadwallader Colden (1818-1882)
Watertown [brief history]
Waukesha [brief history]
West, George Arbor 1859 - 1938
Whitehead, John Meek 1852 - 1924
Whiton, Edward Vernon 1805 - 1859
Whittet, Lawrence Clarke 1871 - 1954
Wilcox, Roy Porter 1873 - 1946
Wiley, Alexander 1884
Wimmer, Joseph E. 1934
Wisconsin Territory (Historic Marker Erected 1964)
Wisconsin [origin of place name]
Woodward, Gilbert Motier 1835 - 1914
York, Stanley 1931
Youmans, Theodora Winton, 1863 - 1932
Zeuske, Cathy S. 1958
Zimmerman, Fred R. 1880 - 1954
Zoldoske Case

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