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Term: factory system (fur trade)

Definition:

U.S. system, 1796-1822, that gave control of the fur trade to the federal government, which in turn placed "factors" at military posts to conduct the trade alongside official Indian agents empowered to oversee treaty obligations.

The factory system began as an attempt to eliminate the worst excesses of the fur trade by prohibiting alcohol sales and providing goods to Indians at wholesale prices. The system began under President George Washington and was expanded to four factories under President Thomas Jefferson in 1802. It was extended to Mackinac in 1808, and to Fort Howard at Green Bay and Fort Crawford at Prairie du Chien in 1816. By then, the system was no longer simply a means of attempting to treat the tribes fairly but was also used to diminish the power and influence of British traders. For its last 15 years, the system was aggressively opposed and undermined by commercial American traders and their peers across the border in Canada. The factory system was aboloished in 1822, partly from political maneuvering by commericial fur trade companies and partly because it had failed in its original purpose.

View pictures relating to the fur trade at Wisconsin Historical Images. View related articles at Wisconsin Magazine of History Archives. View primary sources relating to the Fur Trade 1812-1825 at Wisconsin Historical Collections.

[Source: Wyman, Mark. The Wisconsin Frontier (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998); Wisconsin Historical Collections, XIX: 311 and XX: xiii-xix.]

117 records found

facing (railroads)
factor
factory system (fur trade)
fall (maritime)
Fallen Timbers, Battle of
Falling Waters, Battle of
fallowing (farming)
Falls of St. Anthony
false front or boomtown (architecture)
fantail (maritime)
Fantus Report
farina (farming)
Farmers' Guards (Civil War)
fastening (maritime)
fathom
fattigmanns bakkels (food)
federal (architecture)
Federal Guards (Civil War)
feed crops
feldspar (mining)
Fender-boom (logging)
fermented milk (dairy)
fetch (maritime)
fetlock (farming)
fettle, fettling (railroads)
fieldstone (architecture)
Finagle (Civil War)
firebox (railroads)
fireman (railroads)
fires in Wisconsin
First Capitol
first rate (Civil War)
first school in Wisconsin
First [sic] Workers' Compensation Law (Historic M
firsts
Fish (logging)
fish boil (food)
fish fry (food)
fishing industry in Wisconsin
fittings (maritime)
flank (farming)
flatcar (railroads)
flitch (farming)
flocculent (farming)
floods in Wisconsin
flookan (mining)
fluke (maritime)
Flume (logging)
fluted (archaeology)
flying junction (railroads)
folle avoine (Fr.)
following (maritime)
Folsom culture (archaeology)
Fond du Lac Badgers (Civil War)
forage (Civil War)
fore (maritime)
forecastle (maritime)
forest fires in Wisconsin
forest products
Forest Union Rifles (Civil War)
Fort Armstrong
Fort Blue Mounds
Fort Catarokouy
Fort Crawford
Fort Crevecoeur
Fort Dearborn
Fort Duquesne
Fort Edward Augustus
Fort Frontenac
Fort Hamilton
Fort Howard, Brown Co.
Fort Kaministiquia
Fort La Baye
Fort LeSueur
Fort Mackinac
Fort McCoy
Fort Michilimackinac
Fort Orange
Fort Perrot
Fort Piankeshaw
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Fort St. Louis
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Fort Wayne
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forts
forty (survey)
forty-eighters
forward (maritime)
four-foot (railroads)
Four-Wheel Drive Auto Company
Fox and Wisconsin River Improvement Company
Fox River Zouaves; North Wisconsin Tigers (Civil W
Fox Wars (ca. 1710-1740)
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frametops (maritime)
Frank Holton Company
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Free Soil Party
Freedom from Federal Supervision Act (1953)
Fremont Guards (Civil War)
Fremont Rifles (Civil War)
Frisked (logging)
Frog (logging)
Fugitive Slave Act
fur farming
fur trade companies
furloughs (Civil War)
fusee (Fr.)
Fusée (Fr.)
futtock (maritime)

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