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Dictionary of Wisconsin History

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Term: Brothertown Indians


descendants of the Christian, English-speaking Pequot, Niantic, Montauk and other coastal peoples of New York and New England who united in 1769. Pressed by white settlement, they moved to land made available by the Oneidas in upstate New York. In the 1820s, as white settlers pushed further west, they were dispossessed and forced to move again. With their Oneida and Stockbridge neighbors, they came to Wisconsin in the 1820s and 1830s, settling along the eastern shore of Lake Winnebago in Calumet County. Today ca. 4,000 members of the Brothertown Indian Nation live all over Wisconsin and the U.S., with the largest concentration around Fond du Lac.

The Wisconsin Historical Society has manuscripts related to this topic. See the catalog description of the Brotherton and Stockbridge Indian Papers for details.  See also the Brotherton Indians Negatives.  See also the Brotherton Indians Records, 1788-1810, 1901.  See also the Brotherton Indians Records, 1939.

View pictures related to Indians at Wisconsin Historical Images.

[Source: Loew, Patty. Indian Nations of Wisconsin (Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society Press, 2001).]
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